Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Project PRE-CONSTRUCTION PHASE Briefing for Industry & Science Organisations Tuesday 14th August Wellington Chairman’s welcome John Houlker, NZTE SKA project update (Jonathan Kings, MBIE) PEP work packages (Michelle Storey, CSIRO) Australian PEP funding (David Luchetti, DIISRTE) NZ perspective (Howard Markland - MBIE) Engagement opportunities (Melanie Johnston-Hollitt – VUW) Question & answer session Duration: 09:00 – 12:00 Organisations Involved SKA project update Jonathan Kings, MBIE NZ Project Director SKA project status 9 SKA Organisation members (New Zealand, Australia, S. Africa, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, China, Canada, Sweden) Bid evaluation process Dual-Site Solution • Shared infrastructure – Australia gets low-frequency aperture array & survey telescope (extended ASKAP) – S. Africa gets mid-frequency infrastructure • Best available outcome for A-NZ bid • Effectively a 50:50 split for Phase I (by value) • No plan for infrastructure in New Zealand Project Timeline & Phases Current Activity Pre-construction Phase underway • • • • Detailed planning & engineering design €90 million budget Led by SKA Project Office (Manchester) Funded by participating consortia SKA Project Office • Project Execution Plan (PEP) • Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) • Developing policies – industry engagement – procurement – intellectual property PEP work packages Michelle Storey, CSIRO SKA Pre-construction Workpackage structure SKA pre-construction briefings 6-14 August 2012 CSIRO ASTRONOMY AND SPACE SCIENCE Structure of pre-construction work • Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) being developed by SKA Office with substantial input from the international community. • Draft released to research partners May 2012. • SKA Office now working on a new version of the WBS, to incorporate results of the site selection • Possible that workpackages will stay the same, though their internal structure might be different • Stage 1 to take system to system requirements review • WBS for Stage 2 will be developed during/after Stage 1 • Stage 2 to reach construction-ready contracts Workpackages led by the SKA Office • Five workpackages led by the SKA Office – Science – Project Management – System engineering to System Requirements Review – Power – Site and infrastructure • There may be some direct contracts available • Integrated Task Teams will be established for crosscutting areas Presentation title | Presenter name | Page 12 Consortia-led workpackages Workpackage Dishes Low Frequency Aperture Array (LFAA) Signal and Data Transport (SaDT) Central Signal Processor (CSP) Science Data Processor (SDP) Telescope Manager (TM) Synchronisation and Timing (SaT) Power Site and Infrastructure Mid Frequency Aperture Array (MFAA) Phased Array Feed (PAF) Wide Band Single Pixel Feed (WBSPF) Note that Site and Infrastructure and Power may be led by the SKA Office Presentation title | Presenter name | Page 13 Dishes (including Phased Array Feed and Wide Band Single Pixel Feed) CSIRO ASTRONOMY AND SPACE SCIENCE Dish Array – Scope The work package (preconstruction) covers all of the tasks necessary to plan for the development, construction, delivery and operation of the Dish Arrays for SKA1 on both SKA sites (SA and AUS), including. • Dishes • Structure - Pedestal, reflector, mount, … • Performance Verification/Qualification • Operations - Support, maintenance, logistics • Octave Band Single Pixel Feed (OBSPF) • Feed – Cryostat, Low Noise Amplifiers, … • Receiver - Amplification, signal transport, digitisation, … • Elements of the Advanced Instrumentation Program (AIP) • Phased Array Feed (PAF) – Feed, receiver and signal processing • Wide Band Single Pixel Feed (WBSPF) – Feed, receiver and signal processing Stage 1 work to input to systems requirements review Dish Array – Possible Consortium partners Australia Consortium Management Phased Array Feed (PAF) and associated dish optics Receivers – Single pixel and PAF South Africa System Engineering Single Pixel Feeds (SPF) Dish – Optics, mechanical Canada Phased Array Feed (PAF) Receivers – PAF Dish – Composite reflectors China Dish – Optics, mechanical design Wide Band Single Pixel receivers (WBSPF) Sweden Dish Wide Band Single Pixel receivers (WBSPF) Low-frequency Aperture Arrays • CSIRO ASTRONOMY AND SPACE SCIENCE SKA1_Low deliverables and potential partners Covers development requirements and design of SKA1-low at Australian site 70 -<= 450 MHz located entirely in Australia All-electronic telescope • No moving parts. Functionality defined by ICT capability (investment) Stage 1 PEP involves: • Development and verification work in lead-up to System Requirements Review • Performance and cost trade-offs via advanced system modelling • Strong interactions with pathfinder (LOFAR, ...) and precursor (MWA) telescopes • Science input to SKA System Engineering process • Planning of Stage 2 Consortium is likely to be led by ASTRON, NL • Current partners include ICRAR, INAF, UK (Camb, Oxf, Man) + 5 others (Australian Inputs coordinated via ICRAR) Science Data Processor CSIRO ASTRONOMY AND SPACE SCIENCE Science Data Processor WP • • SDP responsible for turning output of beamformers and correlators into final science products i.e. images, cubes, catalogs Challenges • Highly dependent on Concept of Operations • Very tightly coupled to Telescope Manager • Vast data flow • High Performance Computing vital (10s Petaflops to 10s Exaflops) • Power consumption for HPC Algorithms for calibrating and imaging not yet • • 20 sufficiently scalable Three different telescope designs, two different sites, globally data distribution to regional centers and end-users. High risk work package • Coupling to Telescope Manager • Scales of data, processing, complexity very high SDP consortium • Most likely consortium is led by U Cambridge, UK • Australia: CSIRO, ICRAR, U Melbourne • NZ: TBD • Others • • • • • • South Africa: SKA team UK: UCambridge, OERC, STFC (Daresbury), UManchester Netherlands: ASTRON (Dome project, IBM) Spain: IAA Canada: CADC/cyberSKA Germany: MPIfR • Discussions with industry partners: IBM, Intel, CISCO • Consortium policy under review • Good coverage of required capabilities • Some weakness on operational aspects of large scale facilities 21 We acknowledge the Wajarri Yamatji people as the traditional owners of the Observatory site. Thank you CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science CSIRO ASTRONOMY AND SPACE SCIENCE Australian PEP Funding David Luchetti (DIISRTE, Australia) Pre-construction - business plan • PEP business plan draw on various resources • SKA Office to lead several work-packages - funded through a central fund • Other work-packages to be allocated to consortia partly funded by member governments directly • Likely consortia already forming – significant global interest • Opportunities for new entrants – Linking to existing consortia a good option Pre-construction Phase Relevance • Conventional contracting likely to be limited • R&D partnership the main opportunity • SKA may be a watching brief for some - with specific contracting opportunities several years away • R&D partnership – why?: – Positioning for downstream supply opportunities – Building expertise/capability – Reputational benefits Co-Investment Funding - Objectives • • • • Support the SKA project Support take up of Australian IP & expertise Co-investment (not fully-funded participation) In-kind co-investment OK Co-Investment Funding – Program Structure • Components for Major & Minor consortia partners • Major partner component focussed on high priority work-packages • DIISRTE will ‘pre-qualify’ organisations for SKA RfP • Winners funded directly by DIISRTE – accountable for their contribution to a work-package • Co-investment funds to leverage partnering opportunities Co-investment Funding– Partnering facilitation • Consortia struggling to use earlier EoI information • Strategic, targeted EoI process to cut through to consortia lead organisations Co-investment Funding – Funds distribution STAGE ONE – 2012-2013 STAGE TWO – 2014-2016 Funding Funding Major participant:15% of funding Major participant: 60% of funding Minor participant: 5% of funding Minor participant: 20% of funding Number of Grants (Approx.) Number of Grants (Approx.) Major participant: 2-3 grants Major participant: 2-3 grants Minor participant: 8-12 grants Minor participant: 8-12 grants Value of Grants (Approx.) Value of Grants (Approx.) Major participant: $0.5-1 million Major Participant: $3-7 million Minor participant: $100K Minor participant: $250K to $500K NZ Perspective Howard Markland - MBIE Relationships Funding • New Zealand’s pledge: – NZ$1.6 million (~10% of Australia’s commitment) – dedicated to the 3-year Pre-construction Phase – in-kind contribution • Purpose of funding is to support: – the SKA project – capability & participation of NZ science & industry – A-NZ reputation Allocation Process • Under Development – mechanism, criteria, responsibilities etc. – will not be inconsistent with the Australian model (see ‘Minor Participant’ category) • Process will be: – – – – appropriate for the funding available transparent, inclusive & defensible subject to technical peer review consistent with ANZSCC objectives Requirements for Applicants • Basic requirements: – relevant & internationally acknowledged capability – sufficient resource to ‘deliver’ – able to meet co-funding obligations ($ or in kind) • Engagement process: – – – – link to an established consortium satisfy pre-qualification requirements monitor opportunities apply for funding New Zealand Science & Industry Opportunities John Houlker (NZ Trade & Enterprise) Science & Industry Opportunities Goal to secure opportunities for New Zealand science and industry to participate and build capability in the development of the leading-edge technology the SKA requires. • Help build New Zealand science and industry collaboration (initial step SDP-NZ) • Access to networks of high-technology research and development groups • Leverage SKA Industry Cluster connections • Capability building and investment prospects Science & Industry Opportunities • Connection opportunities with major hightechnology Multi-National Corporations – MNCs seeking to be “Primes” and lead technology developers – Build IP relationships, paths to market, capability & maturity in engagement with MNCs. • Pilot project technology development and testing possibilities. NZ Engagement Melanie Johnston-Hollitt – VUW NZ involvement in SKA Murchison Wide Field Array (full partner VUW lead institution) ASKAP surveys (VUW, UoC, AUT) NZ involvment in PEP • Placeholder group ‘NZ-SDP’ joined Cambridge-led consortium for the SDP WP: – Administrative lead – John Houler, Science and Industry leads Melanie Johnston-Hollitt, Dougal Watt – Gave likley initial interest to Cambridge – Consulted community, requested EoI’s from community – Auckland, AUT + Massey + Otago, VUW + IRL + IBM – National EoI to be submitted to Cambridge / ANZSCC – Pre-qualification/ peer review step required for funding • MBIE to clarify process from here • No funding support at present, limited funding support going forward. NZ involvment in PEP • Immediate next steps ‘NZ-SDP’ national EoI to be finalised – still chance to get involved. – Current submissions were around cloud computing, data pipeline and algorithm development. – Strong interest to use MWA involvement at platform for SDP verification (real time imaging and calibration, pipelines, algorithms), hybrid correlators and low frequency science. Summary • Lots of moving parts: – – – – – – – changing work-packages evolving work-package consortia SDP-NZ interest in Cambridge University consortium A-NZ collaboration arrangement A & NZ pre-qualification & funding arrangements SKA Organisation policies MED & MSI amalgamation (MBIE)………….etc. • There will be opportunities for NZ engagement • Limited funding support • No free lunch Stay engaged to follow developments Key Contacts NEW ZEALAND AUSTRALIA Science Science NZ SKA Research & Development Consortium Melanie Johnston-Hollitt (Victoria University of Wellington) Tel: +64 4 463 6543 Email: [email protected] CSIRO Dr Carole Jackson Tel: +61 2 9372 4407 www.csiro.au Industry Industry NZ SKA Industry Consortium John Houlker (NZ Trade & Enterprise) Tel: +64 4 816 8216 Email: [email protected] Australasian SKA Industry Consortium John Humphreys Tel: +61 7 5474 5164 Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] www.askaic.com Government Government Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment Howard Markland Tel: 64 4 474 2981 Email: Howard.Markland @med.govt.nz www.med.govt.nz Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research & Technology Mike Bryson Tel: +61 2 6276 1120 Email: [email protected] www.innovation.gov.au anzSKA website: www.ska.govt.nz anzSKA website: www.ska.gov.au SKA Organisation website: www.skatelescope.org Any Questions?