The Treaty of Waitangi/ Te Tiriti o Waitangi

The Treaty of Waitangi/
Te Tiriti o Waitangi
By the end of this lesson I will:
• understand some key words for types of interactions
• know some key facts about the Treaty of Waitangi
Starter: Write an 18 word sentence that describes
early interactions between Maori and European
Types of Interaction
Image/ picture
e.g Abel Tasman and Murderers Bay
Accept the European arrivals but try to remain
Kingitangi movement was a way to try and live a
separate life from the British.
Taking on some
aspects of
European life such
as using tools or
wearing European
• Maori integrating
aspects of
‘European’ culture
• Europeans adopting
aspects of ‘Maori’
Maori felt for some
time that Pakeha
culture would swallow
up their culture
E.g Speaking Maori in
schools was banned.
QUESTIONS about Interaction
1. Why was rejection not really possible as a choice for
2. Why would separation have been difficult?
3. Which of these is closest to what you think New
Zealand is like today? Explain your answer.
4. Extension: Which of these is closest to what NZ was
like 100/ 150 years ago? Explain.
Questions about the Treaty…?
• Each person is to write 1 question that they
have about the Treaty of Waitangi.
• Write it onto a small square of paper and I will
collect it.
• We will attempt to answer these over the next
few days.
Treaty Quiz
1. What date was the Treaty of Waitangi first
2. Where was the TOW first signed?
3. Which 2 groups of people was the TOW
signed between?
4. Which language was the TOW written in?
5. Where would you have to visit to see the
TOW today?
Treaty Quiz
1. TOW was first signed on the 6th February 1840
2. The TOW was first signed at Waitangi, in the
Bay of Islands.
3. The TOW was signed between the British
Crown and a collection of Maori Chiefs.
4. The TOW was in both English and Maori
5. The surviving TOW documents are currently in
NZ Archives in Wellington.
A Treaty is:
• A treaty is a legal
document that expresses
an agreement in words.
• It is usually signed
between sovereign states
(countries) and/or
Before the Treaty of Waitangi…
• In 1835, 35 chiefs from the northern tribes in NZ
signed the ‘Declaration of Independence’.
• Why did the Northern Chiefs sign it? To Declare:
– …their mana and rangatiratanga over tribal lands
– …their independence of their lands and NZ under
the authority of the United Tribes of New Zealand
– United Tribes would be responsible for the
government and laws in their lands
– Encourage southern tribes to join
– To thank the King od England for his support and to
ask for his continued support.
When, Why, What, Where, Who and How?
• In pairs, read pages 22 and 23 of the text book
‘Our Treaty’.
• Answer each of the questions above with 1 or
2 word sentences
– For why, write down at least 6 reasons.
– For who, the person mentioned is just 1 person
involved. You can add others later.
Why did we need a treaty?
• The British wanted to claim NZ as a British
Colony – people from other countries were
starting to look like they would try to claim it.
• Some British settlers living in NZ were
breaking laws but couldn’t be charged.
• More and more settlers started to come to NZ
• The ‘Declaration of Independence’ stated that
Britain needed a treaty to make it a colony.

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