Tactical Formations and Systems of Play Module Agenda: - Vision, mission and philosophies - Different types of formation - Strengths & weaknesses of each - Choosing the best formation - How to coach shape and formations - Changing formation AYSO Vision Statement: To provide world class youth soccer programs that enrich children’s lives. Mission Statement: To develop and deliver quality youth soccer programs, which promote a fun, family environment based on our philosophies… 3 The 6 philosophies of AYSO: Open registration Balanced teams Everyone plays Positive coaching Good sportsmanship Player development… 4 “You cannot do tactically, what you cannot do technically!” 4 Popular Formations 1. 2. 3. 4. 4-4-2 4-3-3 4-5-1 5-3-2 4-4-2 4-4-2 strengths ･Strong attack and defense if used properly ･Multiple attacking options ･Can adapt to play more defensive (drop player back) ･Easy to play and easy for players to understand ･Easy to improvise new tactics 4-4-2 weaknesses ･Can become static and limit movement and creative play ･Not especially strong in any specific area of play ･Very predictable to play against and easy to counter Tactics against a 4-4-2 The 4-4- 2 formation can be a static a predictable formation so counter that with unpredictable play, i.e., encourage 3rd man runs from midfield, fullbacks to push on and join in the attack. 4-3-3 4-3-3 strengths -Strong attack, can stretch defense with wide players -Ideal for counter-attacks 4-3-3 weaknesses -Midfield have a lot of area to cover defensively -Vulnerable in wide areas -Can limit movement of forwards (with 2 forwards they can make unpredictable channel runs and switch positions) Tactics against a 4-3-3 -Control the midfield and use wide areas as the opposition only have 3 players covering the full width of the field. However do not over commit defenders forward otherwise you could get caught on the break. 4-5-1 4-5-1 strengths -Strong midfield, easier to control the pace of the game -More defending options -Good attacking options if used effectively 4-5-1 weaknesses -Striker must be strong (able to hold up ball and hold off defenders) -Midfielders must be able to support otherwise you limit your attacking options and will encourage the opposition to pressure at all times Tactics against a 4-5-1 Encourage wide defenders to join in the attack at all times to even out the numbers in midfield. They only have 1 player in attack and therefore does not require 4 defenders sitting back at all times. 5-3-2 5-3-2 Strengths -Strong midfield and defensive coverage on the center of the field. -Can switch easily between offensive and defensive modes. 5-3-2 Weaknesses -Requires high level physical effort to sustain attacking options. -Difficult to give full support both attack and defense. Tactics against a 4-5-1 Encourage wide defenders to join in the attack at all times to even out the numbers in midfield. They only have 1 player in attack and therefore does not require 5 defenders sitting back at all times. Choosing the Right Formation -No right or wrong formation -Based on your team’s speed, ability, endurance, field size and speed and ability of opponents. -Experiment in practice and scrimmages Coaching Formation and Tactics -Players first need to understand the positions and the roles of each position. -Visually show the players. First on clipboard, then on the field. -Without using a ball ask the team to move together to adjust to the ball being in different positions on the field. Then add ball… then add opposition. -IN GAMES; Do not coach or instruct the player on the ball. Example… When And How To Change Formation Main reasons for changing formation; -Winning or losing -Player availability, injury or fitness -Can you think of any others? Thank You! Coaches: Our Role in the AYSO Experience Who are the Coaches’ “Customers?” Everyone Plays! “Customer service is not a department, it’s an attitude” - Unknown AYSO Ambassadors Great Coaching = Great Customer Service • Player Development Matters! • Why We Play the Game the Way We Do • Nurturing New Coaches Great Soccer Starts with Great Communication • • • • You’re the Source! Setting the Tone Communicate, Communicate, Communicate! Use Your Tools – Shutterfly Team Site – Team Parent – Division Coordinator, Coach Administrator, Board – Region Website We’re AYSO Ambassadors!