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Report
 To understand the differences
between the four different types of
movement in a raga
 There are four different types of
movement in a raga:
 Alap
 Jhor
 Jhalla
 Gat or Bandish
 A slow introduction to a raga
 There is no sense of rhythm
 It establishes the rag
 There are no percussion
instruments
 3 differences
between Gat
and Alap
Gat
Alap
ALAP





Slow
No sense of rhythm
No percussion
Improvised
Solo
GAT





Fast
Has a tala
Uses tabla
Fixed composition
Dialogue between
soloist and tabla
In a vocal raga,
gat sections are
called Bandish
instead
 This bandish has
2 short
instrumental
solos – what
instruments?

 What do you notice about…
 Instruments? (no tabla)
 Rhythm? (regular, not like alap)
 Tempo? (accelerando)
 Improvised
Very fast
Complex and
exciting rhythms
 Advanced
virtuosic playing
 Climax of the
piece


 Alap
 Jhor
 Jhalla
 Gat
 Not all ragas have all of these
sections and they are not always in
the same order
 Bandish
 Gat
 Jhalla
 Jhor
Tabla?
Yes
No
Highly virtuosic?
Yes
Regular Rhythm?
No
Jhalla
Yes
Jhor
Vocal?
Yes
Bandish
No
No
Gat
Alap



Listen to the three versions of Rag Desh and
identify the sections indicated on the sheet
You should only need to listen to about 20
seconds of each section to work out what it is
Due Friday in the Prep box in the TARDIS

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