HEALTHY PEOPLE 2010 - Faculty Media Resource Center

Report
Activities to Stay Healthy
and Live Longer
Professor Anne Hiller Scott, PhD, OTR
Professor Rebecca States, PhD
Associate Dean, William Susman, PhD, PT
Interdisciplinary, Community-Based,
Health Education for Diverse Elders.
HRSA Grant#1 D37 HP 00838-01
HEALTHY
PEOPLE 2010
• National program to improve the health of all
Americans - to promote healthy behavior &
create healthy environments
• GOALS
–Increase number of years of healthy life
• To help people live longer
–Increase Quality of Life
• Personal sense of physical and mental health
HEALTHY
PEOPLE 2010
Leading Causes of Death
Heart Disease, Cancer and Stroke
• MOST PREVENTABLE Causes of Death:
• SMOKING – increases risk of
– Heart Disease, Stroke, Lung Cancer, Chronic Lung
Disease
– During Pregnancy – may cause
• Miscarriage, premature birth, sudden infant death
syndrome (SIDS), asthma, bronchitis
• OBESITY – increases risk of
– High blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes,
heart disease, stroke, arthritis, breathing problems, etc.
HEALTHY
PEOPLE 2010
• LEADING HEALTH INDICATORS
– Behaviors that affect the health of individuals, examples…
• PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
– People in the Northeast and South exercise less
– Women exercise less than men
– People over age 75:
• 2 in 3 WOMEN have NO regular physical activity
• 1 in 3 MEN have NO regular physical activity
• OBESITY
– Need to follow diet guidelines, eat healthy, lose weight
• TOBACCO USE
– Affects the smoker and others through second hand smoke
– Children and pregnant women are at greatest risk for harm
What YOU Can DO to Stay Healthy!
• PHYSICAL ACTIVITY (30 Minutes a day) helps prevent:
• (But ANY exercise is better than NO exercise)
–
–
–
–
–
Heart disease
High blood pressure
Obesity – excess weight
Diabetes
Depression – mental disorders
• EATING RIGHT – LESS is MORE
– LESS: Fats, Fried Foods, Starches, Sugar, Salt
– MORE: Fresh Fruits, Vegetables,
Lean Meat, Fish, Grains
• WEIGHT CONTROL
– after 45 years of age people gain
more weight
– watch the amount you eat - portion size
HEALTHY
AGING…
What is the key?
SUCCESSFUL AGING
A study by Rowe & Kahn 1998
♦ STAY ACTIVE
♦ HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
♦ PREVENTION
MAJORITY of HEALTHY AGING
is LIFESTYLE & PREVENTION
(Rowe & Kahn, 1998)
♦ IF YOU DON’T USE IT –
LOSE IT
♦ CONFIDENCE in Your Abilities
to Adapt and Stay Active
♦ ACTIVE PARTICIPATION
Work and Play
♦ BEING PRODUCTIVE
Volunteer Work/Work,
Caregiving
HEALTHY AGING (Rowe & Kahn, ‘98)
♦ SOCIAL SUPPPORT
Family, Friends, Community
♦ MENTAL ACTIVITY
Reading, Puzzles, Games
♦ PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Walk, Dance, Swim, Gardening,
Senior Exercise Tapes, Stair
Climbing, Mall Walking
♦ DIET and SUPPLEMENTS
A FEW MORE STUDIES
ON HEALTHY ACTIVITIES
Pets
Tai Chi
Occupational Therapy
PETS:
 Dogs are lifesavers
 People who had heart




attacks:
 Lived longer if they
had a pet – WHY?
Reduces Stress and
Blood Pressure
Companion
Care
Exercise
Best Friend
TAI CHI:
A Gentle Martial Art
Research Findings:
Better Balance
Less Falls
Increased Movement
Lower Blood
Pressure
Lower Stress
Better Breathing
RANGE OF MOTION–ROM DANCE:
Tai Chi, Music & Relaxation
Harlowe & Yu 1984, 1997
Occupational Therapy Program to:
Increase Movement
Reduce Pain
Reduce Stress
Research Studies – helps with
Arthritis and other illnesses
Chronic Pain & Fatigue
 Depression
7 Minute Videotape: Commercially available
1 800 488-4940 or www.taichihealth.com
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY:
Extends QUALITY of LIFE in well elderly
Journal American Med. Assoc. JAMA: 1997, 278, 1321-26.
 OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY helps people keep
doing everyday activities that are important in their lives
 OCCUPATION means ALL ACTIVITIES or TASKS
that OCCUPY you in a day, the Skills for the Job of
Living:
– Self-care Eating, Cooking, Dressing, Grooming,
Housework
– Caregiving
– Social Activity
– Leisure/Recreational Activity
– Work/Volunteer Work
– Physical & Mental Tasks Staying active at home and
participating in the community
Occupational Therapy
Research Well Elderly Study
JAMA, 1997 Clark, et. al.
The value of staying involved and active
Participating in activities important to you
Overcoming fears – gaining confidence
Example: Clara had arthritis and diabetes and lived
alone staying mostly in her apartment complex
• rarely went out due to fear of falling
• after the OT Lifestyle Redesign Program she
finished 1 mile with her walker in the LA
Marathon
How do YOU
make CHANGES?
What are ACTIVITIES you can DO
to keep HEALTHY
and live LONGER
with good QUALITY of LIFE?
How should YOU start
to make CHANGES?
Identify concrete GOALS for healthy activities
Start SMALL – STEP by STEP
o You can’t change everything at once!
Get SUPPORT
o Talk with family and friends
o Get information from your health care
provider and other resources
o Try to include others in your plans- For
example start a walking group
Making CHANGES in
Your LIFESTYLE
Keep Track of Your PROGRESS
WHAT activity/change are you
trying to accomplish? Break it
down into small steps.
WHY do you want to make this
change? Remember your
motivation.
DON’T GIVE UP
KEEP TRYING
YOU ARE WORTH IT
YOU CAN DO IT!

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