People of North America - Christian Brothers High School

Cultures of the Southwest
• Lived in present day Arizona.
• Built irrigation canal s in order to farm in the desert.
• Name means “vanished ones”. During the 1400s A.D. their settlement
was abandoned.
Anasazi Settled in the Four Corners region of Arizona,
Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah.
• Built cliff dwellings. The largest is at Mesa Verde in Colorado
• Freestanding, apartment style housing called pueblos were also used.
Located in New Mexico, Pueblo Bonito was the largest Anasazi
• Built large underground chambers called kivas were dug to hold political
meetings and religious ceremonies.
• A long period of drought and invasions by neighboring tribes caused
them to abandon their dwellings.
Cultures of the East
Adena and Hopewell
• Both groups built piles of earth called earthworks as burial mounds,
defensive walls, and the bases of buildings.
• Items found in earthworks suggest that these cultures interacted with
peoples from the Gulf Coast, Rocky Mountains, and the Great Lakes.
• Built mounds, large towns, and ceremonial centers.
• Cahokia was the greatest city and housed 20,000 people and 100
• Left no written records and their cities disappeared when Europeans
came to area.
• Carried on traditions of the Mississippians.,
• The had an absolute ruler called the Great Sun which coincided with
their worship of the sun god.
• Society was divided into castes and the highest group were called the
Cultures of the Arctic, Northwest, &
Eastern Woodlands
Inuit( Eskimo)
• Settled in Northern Canada around 2000 B.C.
• Tribes were smaller than in other regions due to the scarce food supply.
• Hunted sea mammals, used kayaks, and sled dogs.
• Lived in igloos and sod dwellings.
People of the Northwest Coast
• Their environment was rich with natural resources.
• Large permanent villages were made from wood.
• A person of high social statues would trade surplus goods for items that
were then given to other group members in a potlatch ceremony.
• The Northeast United States were home to many tribes that considered
themselves Iroquois. They spoke the common language of Iroquois and
shared similar traditions .
• Villages were created on cleared land in forests.
• The Iroquois League consisted of 5 Iroquois groups: the Mohawk,
Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca. These groups met to keep
peace. Only men were on the council, but each group had a “clan
mother” who added or deleted members from the council.

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