Unit 3 Career Planning

Unit 3 Job Interview
• Finding a job is like any
other competitive activity.
• Suggestions:
• The first step is a good
• Clear and concise, with
the most important items
on the first page.
• The key items in a resume:
• your job objective, your education, your work
experience, your honors/awards, your affiliation
and any offices held
• hobbies, interests, personal information,
• The second step is a good cover letter.
• The third step is the job-hunting process:
• the interview.
• bring several copies of your resume to the
interview in case the committee members son’t
have them. Be prepared to hand these out at the
• Answers should be clear and concise
• Here are some questions for you to practice
answering before the interview:
• Can you tell us something about yourself
(life/background/education/ experience)?
• What are your career goals
• Why do you want this job?
• What do you hope to be doing in 5 years from
• What are you greatest achievements?
• What are your strengths and weaknesses?
• How are your English and computer skills?
• Can you work with people from other cultures or
• Why should we hire you instead of other
• The fourth step is to wear proper dress and
greet your interviewer with a firm
handshake and enthusiastic smile
Dos and don’ts
Arrive on time or a few minutes early.
Do greet the interviewer. Give the appearance of
energy as you walk. Smile and shake hands
firmly. Be genuinely glad to meet the
Do wait until you are offered a chair before
sitting. Sit upright, look alert and interested at all
times. Be a good listener as well as a good
Do look a prospective employer in the eye while
Stress achievements.
Do always conduct yourself as if you are determined to
get the get you are discussing.
If presented with an application. Don’t relay on your
application or resume. The Interviewer wants you to
speak for yourself.
Don’t forget to bring a copy of your resume.
Don’ smoke even if you are offered. Don’t chew the gum.
Don’t answer questions with a simple yes or no. explain
Don’t lie.
Don’t make unnecessary derogatory remarks about your
present or former employers. When explaining your
reason for leaving, limit your comments to those
necessary to adequately communicate your rationale.
Don’t inquire about salary, vacation, bonuses, retirement,
etc. on the initial interviews unless you are sure the
employer is interested in hiring you. If the interviewer
asks what salary you want, indicate what you’ve earned
but that you’re more interested in opportunity than in a
specific salary.
Text A Get the Job You Want
• Objectives:
• 1. Grasp the main idea and structure of the
• 2. Realize the importance of examples in
illustrating one’ point;
• 3. Master the language points and
grammatical structures in the text.
• Interviewer:
• Harvey Mackay of a manufacturing company
( Mackay Envelope Corporation)
• Interviewee:
• a recent college graduate
• Position applied for: a sales job
• Questions asked by the interviewer:
• Para.2-5
What have you done to prepare for the interview?
Had you called anyone at Mackay Envelope Corporation to find out
more about us?
Had you called our suppliers? Or our customers? No.
Had you checked with your university to see if there were any
graduates working at Mackay whom you can interview?
Had you asked any friends to grill you in a mock interview?
Did you go to the library to find newspaper clippings on us?
Did you write a letter beforehand to tell us about yourself? What
you were doing to prepare for the interview and why you think you
would be right for the job?
Were you planning to follow up the interviews with another letter
indicating your eagerness to join us?
The answer to all the questions was the same: no.
Form the answer, interviewer will deduce how well prepared would
this person be
Prospective a. likely to become or be
e.g. The college had applications from nearly 200 prospective
Part Two
What pieces of advice: 4 pieces
1. Prepare to win
2. Never stop learning
3. Believe in yourself 4. Find a way to make a difference
How to prepare to win:
• Critic n critical a.( critical remark critical moment)
criticism criticize
• The author give 2 examples to illustrate the importance of
• On and off the basketball court
• Apply : apply …to… apply for a position/ post
• Odds (pl) n probability or chance odd a. strange
• The odds are that…(i.e It is probable that…)
• Do one’s homework: make preparation beforehand
• Go after
• Make attempt to do sth./at doing sth.;
make attempt on sth.
• The made no attempt to escape/ at escaping
from school..
• Wander v. wonder v
• Prospects (pl) n. chance of success; outlook
• Never stop learning:
• 1 example of a 90-year-old man who played tennis
He said : Do you mind if I play the backhand court?
I always like to work on weakness.
• Weaknesses and strengths disadvantages and
advantages minus and plus
• merits and demerits
strong and weak points
virtues and defects
• Believe in your self:
2 examples
Inadequate a. adequate a.
Accomplish v.
Find a way to make a difference
Make a difference make no difference
The rain didn’t make much difference to the game.
The sea air has made a difference to her health
Broad a.
Mission n.
Hold up delay
Roads-works on the motorway are holding up the traffic.
Part Three:
Sparkle v.
Words and phrases: to remember
1.estimate v.
It is estimated that..
estimation n.
in one’s estimation
2. Strike n. v.
be on strike
The stone struck me
The earthquake struck
striking adj.
a ~ display
His ~ good look
(attracting attention)
• 3. Alternatives n. adj.
• You have the ~ of marrying or remaining a
• Have you got an ~ suggestion?
• Alternate v.
• The weather ~d between rain and sunshine.
• alternation n.

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