Wind Turbine Week 8 Design Review

Report
Wind Turbine Project
Design Review
Click to edit Master subtitle style
December 11, 2009
BGI
Wind Turbine
Project
Introduction

Jared Freyer (Project Leader, Webmaster)
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Fahad Ahmad (Recruitment Officer)
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Sophomore, Mechanical Engineering
Anthony Christie
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Senior, Mechanical Engineering
Freshman, Engineering
Yuanhua Cheng
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Freshman, Engineering
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Wind Turbine
Project
Project History
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Created by Purdue BGI Club
Developed to create a wind turbine feasibility study
prarieroots.files.wordpress.com
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Wind Turbine
Project
University Need


Promote the sustainability and need for wind power in
Indiana
Using the wind turbine as a living laboratory
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Possibilities
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Design new/efficient turbine blades
Design new/efficient turbine engines
Study wind/weather on Purdue’s campus
Provide power to the intramural field lights and feed
power back into the Purdue power grid
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Wind Turbine
Project
Goals of the Project


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Get approval from Capitol Projects Council to
allow a wind turbine to be constructed
Fundraise money to construct a wind turbine on
campus
Make an educational component to go with the
wind turbine
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Wind Turbine
Project
Past Work (Spring 2009)

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Did Initial Planning
Researched Optimal Location for Turbine
Researched Optimal Class of Turbine
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Wind Turbine
Project
Location Requirements
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Height
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Height of turbine and crane for installation restricted to 756 ft above sea level
Due to FAR Part 77
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Electrical Tie-ins
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Structure may not be more than 150 ft above airport elevation
Purdue Airport sits at 606 ft above sea level
Duke Energy lines west of McCormick Rd
Purdue power lines east of McCormick Rd
Wind Quality


Determine where the most consistent wind power can be found
Generally related to topography of region
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Wind Turbine
Project
Site of Interest

Planned installation near the intramural fields
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Site is close to the northwest substation
In close proximity to Purdue power lines
Higher elevation than surrounding area
Highly visible to Purdue students
Proximity to campus would allow for easier
educational access
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Turbine Site
Grid Interconnect
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Wind Turbine
Project
Turbine Selection

Large Wind (≥ 1 MW)
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Medium Wind (50 kW to 500 kW)
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Due to siting restrictions large turbines will not be possible
More feasible with height restrictions
Less efficient than large wind
Small Wind (1.5 kW to 50 kW)
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Much less efficient than larger sizes
Less attention demanded
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Wind Turbine
Project
Current Work (Fall 2009)
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Finalized Decision on Turbine Selection
Calculated Local Average Wind Speeds
Presented Proposal to ALDP
Submitted CPC-1 Paperwork
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Wind Turbine
Project
Turbine Selection
Decision
Endurance
Endurance Entegrity
Wind Turbine Wind Turbine
Matrix
Value ReDriven 50kW ReDriven 20kW ReDriven 10kW 35kW
50kW
50kW
Ind. 20kW
Ind. 10kW
Total Cost
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Company
Location
2
Power Output
6
Wind
Efficiency
2
Aesthetics
4
Ease of
Construction
4
Braking and
Yaw Control
2
Lifetime and
Warranty
2
Data Output
2
Total Value
30
20
23
23
18
18
16.5
16
16
Legend
Good (1*Value)
Average (0.5*Value)
Bad (0*Value)
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Wind Turbine
Project
Redriven 20 kW
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Power output
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20 kW rated power output @ 25 mph
240 V /60 hz / 1 Phase
Features
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79 ft tall tower
20 ft long blades
61 dB at a distance of 25 feet
Self-erecting
Electric Yaw Controller
Dynamic Brake System
www.energyeducation.tx.gov
www.redriven.ca
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Wind Turbine
Project
Redriven 20 kW
www.redriven.ca
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Average Wind Speeds for
West Lafayette
Wind Turbine
Project
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Average Wind Speeds:
Low Bound: 5.88 m/s
High Bound: 7.39 m/s
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Velocity (m/s)
8
6
Low bound
High bound
4
2
0
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Month
Aug
Sep
Oct
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Average Power from
ReDriven 20kW
Wind Turbine
Project
16.00
Average Power:
Low Bound: 4.65 kW
High Bound: 8.19 kW
14.00
12.00
Power (kW)
10.00
8.00
Low Bound
High Bound
6.00
4.00
2.00
0.00
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Month
Aug
Sep
Oct
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Dec
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Turbine:
99 ft (30 m) tall
650 ft (198 m)
above sea level
Bell Tower:
160 ft (49 m) tall
620 ft (189 m)
above sea level
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Wind Turbine
Project
Project Expenses

Item
Projected Cost
Nacelle, Controller and Blades
$42,737
Tower
$15,391
Installation
$41,000
Shipping
$9,000
Total Capital Cost
$108,128
Annual Maintenance/Project Fees
$5,234/year
Total CO2 Offset Per Year
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
52.5 tons/year (DOE/EPA)
Equivalent to 157,500 miles/year for 30 MPG car
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Wind Turbine
Project
CPC Process
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Capitol Projects Council
Components
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CPC-1 and CPC-2
CPC-1 Program Benchmarks
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Relevance to University Strategic Plan
Educational Aspect
Alternatives Considered
Personnel (Construction and Maintenance)
Cost Estimate and Location
ALDP Recommendation
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Wind Turbine
Project
University Strategic Plan


New Synergies (2008 – 2014)
Strategies common to all goals

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Promote sustainability conscience
Exemplify Purdue as living laboratory
Strategies specific to each goal
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Engage students in experimental learning through
hands on experiences
Civic engagement through campus design projects
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Time Table (Fall Semester)
Task Name
September
October
November
December
7 14 21 28 5 12 19 26 2 9 16 23 30 7 14
Prepare for Midterm Design Review Presentation
Work on Final Presentation and Transition Report
Prepare for ALDP Meeting
Prepare for CPC-1 Meeting
Design
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Wind Turbine
Project
Future Plans
 Analyze safety precautions
 Start Fund Raising
 Private Funding vs. Actual Fund Raising
 Requirements for CPC-2
 Maintain Communication with Contracting Company
 Educational Component
 Develop Website and Monitor Data
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Wind Turbine
Project
Educational Component
 Website
 Real time data
 Energy production totals
 History of project/construction
 Research
 Potential for blade design and
testing
 Data monitoring
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www.redriven.ca
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Questions?
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