Which is your preferred style of teaching? A comparison of the

Report
Which is your preferred
style of teaching?
A comparison of the benefits of
explicit versus implicit instruction
Agenda
•Definitions
of implicit and explicit
•Group activity
•Benefits of each for students and teachers
•When and why?
•Closing thoughts
•Questions
Let’s define implicit and explicit.
Explicit
Implicit
•Student
•Teacher
centered
•Learning through
•Communicative
example
•Inductive/intuitive
•Spontaneous
•Exposure
to language in use
centered
•Guided
instruction for
understanding rules
•Clear
goals
•Deductive
•Models,
practice
explanation and
Do you have a preference?
Lets do an activity and find out!
Benefits to the student
Implicit
Explicit
•Contextualized:
•Some
students see
the relevance to everyday
usage
•Encourages
students to
produce/speak
•Students
create their own way
of understanding rules which
enables long-term memory
retention
students benefit from a
structured approach
•Develop
understanding
through rigorous practice
•Logical
•Starts
thought-process
with little student
responsibility and ends with
goal of student autonomy with
little teacher involvement
Top Notch
•
Deliberate and intensive
recycling
•
Controlled practice to freeflowing activities
•
Explicit grammar syllabus.
•
Clear goals leading to a final
assignment
•
Memorable conversation
models
English in Common
•All
lessons feature pair work and
group work speaking activities.
•Developing
active learners.
•Guided
discovery approach to
grammar that invites learners to
think about grammar examples
and work out the rules for
themselves
•Personalized
practice.
With which type of students would you use an
implicit teaching approach?
Picking up a language
Prepare for natural, communicative
situations where rules are often forgotten
or broken.
The way we acquire our very first language
at an early age.
With which type of students would you use an
explicit teaching approach?
“knowing the rules” of a language.
Pointing out the particularities of a language, the exceptions.
Closing thoughts
“Although it is essential to teach elements of language and
develop communicative abilities in our students, there is no
one best way to introduce and provide practice in them.
Young learners have more natural facility in acquisition, while
adults may benefit substantially from more "formal" language
learning.
Learning styles and intelligence strengths are also a
significant factor.”
Prof. Larry M. Lynch has taught EFL, published ELT articles as an expert
author, presented at numerous TESOL conferences and trained teachers in the
USA, Colombia, Mexico, Ecuador, Panama and Spain.
Robert DeKeyser
“explicit and deductive learning is better than implicit for
simple categorical rules”
•
“Implicit learning is equally good as or ever better than
explicit learning for prototypes”
•
In addition, many researchers have found that “a combination
of implicit and explicit learning may yield the best results”.
•

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