Chapter 2 Section 4 Invaders, Traders, and Empire Builders – Notes/Voc. Codify – set down in writing all the laws that would govern. Criminal law – Offenses against others, (robbery, assault, etc.) Civil law – Private rights and matters, (business contracts, marriages, taxes, etc.) Tolerance – acceptance. Satrap – governor of province in Persia Barter economy – exchanging one set of goods for another. Money economy – goods paid for through some form of token. Colony – territory settled or ruled by people of another land. Alphabet – letters that represent spoken sounds. Chapter 2 Section 4 Vocabulary Empire – a group of territories under the control of one ruler or government. Provinces – Locally controlled regions. Code of Hammurabi – First major collection of laws in history (1790 B.C.) Chapter 2 Primary Source worksheet 1. His main impression was of many objects and statues of gold. 2. gilt couches with animal heads, black statues of kings, gold chariots, alabaster vases. 3. They had not found the king’s mummy or coffin. This meant there was probably another room to explore. Chapter 2 Section 4 continued 1. Built the first empire known to history. 2. United the Babylonian empire. Published a set of laws called the Code of Hammurabi. Improved irrigation. Organized a well trained army. 3. Introduced ironworking. 4. Founded first library. 5. Revived Babylonian empire. Rebuilt canals, temples. Built Hanging Gardens for his wife. 6. Unified the Persian empire. Adopted single code of laws. Built & repaired roads. Single coinage. Established weights and measures. 7. Skilled sailors and tradesman. Made first books of papyrus. Developed first written alphabet. Chapter 2 Skill Application: Geography 1. The Nile river would have allowed raw materials to be transported more quickly and easily than they could have been over land. 2. on the western edge of the Nubian Desert and along the southern end of the Nile River; because the Egyptians were using them to guard gold deposits. 3. No. Modern transportation such as trucking, the railroads, and air transportation allow raw materials to be moved quite easily vast distances.