What is a Territory? - Class Notes for Mr.Guerriero

A territory is:
 A space where individuals develop relationships
with others and their surroundings.
 Remember that a space becomes a territory
when people begin living/working there.
 The image above is Mount Royal park in
 This is an example of a territory that is
shared , inhabited, organized, transformed,
and has a variety of different issues.
 The park was designed in the 1870’s by F.L.
 Olmsted is famous for designing New York
Central park.
 Mount Royal park was inaugurated in 1876.
An Inhabited and Shared Space
 An inhabited territory has two parts.
1. People
2. All services and activities people need
to survive.
 In a territory, people of diverse
backgrounds share a common space.
 Different cultures, religions, and
nationalities have an influence on life in a
certain territory.
 Most territories are divided into zones.
 Zones: part of a territory designated by
authorities for a specific activity.
Ex: Farming is located in agricultural zones.
Factories are in industrial zones
People live in residential zones.
Organized space
 All territories must be organized in a specific
way for people to live comfortably.
 All territories will have the following:
1. Public services (schools, hospitals, etc)
2. Administration (laws and rules)
3. Areas reserved for specific purposes
4. Transportation
5. Public venues (city hall, courthouse, etc)
Transformed Space
 Territories are constantly changing. New
structures are built and old ones torn
 Certain events may lead to
transformation (war, fire, earthquake)
 Montreal like other major cities have left
traces of the “old” city.
 See page 6 of your textbook for an example
of this.
 Every territory has a landscape.
 A landscape is part of a territory which
is perceived (seen and understood) by an
 A landscape could be a natural setting.
Ex: mountains, sunset, lake, etc.
 A landscape could also be manmade. Ex:
bridges, buildings, monuments,etc.
Common Issues
 Everyone who lives in a territory has a
specific role.
 Depending on their role, every person will
have a different interest and opinion on
how the territory is used.
 For example: a factory owner would like
more space given to the industrial sector.
 These opposing points of view are what
create some of the most common issues.
1. Protecting farmland against growing cities.
2. Transportation. Should areas increase
public transport or work to reduce traffic.
Finding affordable housing.
Preserving natural areas and parks.
Controlling tourism.
Ensuring long-term development of forest
Sharing land with native groups.
Preserving the environment.
 Behind each one of these issues there is
one or more groups involved.
 It is because of all these groups that making
a decision in some areas takes a very long
 Officials need to carefully weigh the
situation a develop a solution that will
appease all parties.
 Officials must understand that any issue in
one territory will effect other territories
around it.
Types of Territories
 All territories are not organized in the
same way.
 Industrial territories are not will not look
the same as agricultural territories.
 One could tell immediately what type of
territory an area is just by the way it is
 For example: Agricultural territories will
have much open space in order to grow
 Traditionally territories are divided into five
1. Regional territories: usually one main
economic activity (forestry). Ex:
Springfield (Simpsons)
2. Urban territory: large city with a large
population. Ex: Montreal
3. Native territory: area of land owned and
controlled by a native group. Ex: Nunavut
4. Agricultural territory: farmland
5. Protected territory: national park or
nature preserve.
What’s in a name?
 Territories could be named after;
1. A natural site, ex: Lachine
2. An important historical figure, ex:
3. Religious figure, ex: San Francisco
4. Aboriginal figure or name, ex:
Living Together
 Despite obvious differences between
cultural groups we are all connected.
 Events or decisions in one territory will
affect others around the world.
 Consider the following examples:
1. Food we eat comes form all over the world.
2. Farm production depends on the global
3) Different cultural groups may share the
same space due to immigration.
4) Stores, restaurants, and corporations may
belong to a chain, which has locations all
over the world.
5) Water pollution in one area may be due to
industrial production in another part of
the world.
6) We are connected through the internet.
 Although we are all connected, we are not all
 Many countries are poor and underdeveloped
 Many territories are polluting and destroying
the environment.
 People all over the world have created
organizations to help solve some issues that
effect all of us.
 Maps represent territories. They help people
find their way or find a location.
 They also help people understand the
organization of a territory and the events
that have shaped it.
 To be able to understand maps you must be
able to read: the scale, legend, and symbols.
 Maps could be printed or digital.
 There are several types of maps one could
1) Planisphere: representation of the globe on
a flat surface
2) Thematic map: displays a certain
characteristic of a region
3) Road maps: shows the locations of cities
and towns and the roads that connect them.
4) Historical maps: represents a territory at a
certain moment in time.
5) Topographic map: represents physical
features of a territory.

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