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Chapter 14
Personality Theory
& Assessment
A Brief Study Guide
Introduction
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If your study of Psychology takes you into
counseling, psychotherapy, or some other mental
healthcare discipline, you will study this area in
great detail.
There are some things you should know about
personality theory and assessment because
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It is part of the educated adult knowledge base
You may encounter assessment & should know something about it beforehand to make informed decisions
Sigmund Freud
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Read the section on Sigmund Freud
and the Neo-Freudians
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as you would a novel
For historical perspective/interest
Obtain an understanding of his:
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Id, Ego, super ego ideas
Understand the concept of Defense Mechanisms
Belief in the sexual basis of abnormal behavior
Review the Psychosexual stages of development
Freud Continued…
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Concepts to recall:
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Id, Ego, Superego
Defense Mechanisms
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Repression, Denial, Regression, Displacement
Projection, Rationalization, Reaction Formation
Sublimation, Excuses?, Substitution?
The Neo-Freudians
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Read the section on the Neo-Freudians
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As you would a novel
For historical perspective/interest
So you will recognize them by name
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Jung
Adler
Horney
Personality Trait Theories
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Names to recognize:
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Allport
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Cattell
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16 personality factors
Eysenck
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Trait Theories
Cardinal Trait
Central Trait
Two Factors
The Five Factor Theory
Learning Theory and Personality
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Mush X Mush = Mush
However, there are a few important ideas:
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Locus of Control
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Demonstratively “real” concept (Computer UIs)
Humanistic
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Remember that Humanistic Personality Theorists
attempt to paint a more complete picture the either
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Associate Carl Rogers with humanistic theories
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Behaviorism
Psychoanalytic
Conditions of Worth
Associate Maslow with humanistic theories
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Self Actualization
Genes and Personality
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Nature and Nurture working together
About 50% - 50%
Main Method – Twin Studies
Assessment
“Danger, Will Robinson! Danger!”
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Observation, Interview, Rating Scales
Personality Inventories
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MMPI & MMPI-2
CPI
Myers-Brigs Type Indicator
Projective Tests
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Rorschach Inkblot Method
Thematic Apperception Test
Sentence Competition

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