The Five Themes of Geography By Mr. Worm Why Geography is important In a tiny Native American fishing village, a small group gathered around a man who began to draw in the sand. They watched closely as Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer, drew a sweeping line on the ground. The line represented the coastline where they stood. The local chief drew additional lines. A young man added piles of rocks to represent the village and nearby settlements. When they were done, they had an informal map of the local area. Champlain and the Native Americans he met on Cape Ann in Massachusetts in the 1600s did not speak the same language. Yet, they both understood the basic language of geography. Location Location • Describes where places are on earth. • Types of Location: – ABSOLUTE: exact location on earth (fixed) • Does not change – Latitude/Longitude – Hemispheres – Grid System – Address – RELATIVE: compared to other places (variable) • Changes dependent upon where you’re comparing it to. – Miles – Distance – Direction Let’s Study Our Location! 1. What is Sandy’s absolute location (Longitude and Latitude)? 2. What is Union Middle School’s relative location to the South Towne Mall in Sandy? Place PLACE Physical Differences and Human Differences • Physical differences, • Human differences, or characteristics, or characteristics, are things that have include things that changed due to occur naturally, such people, such as as mountains, rivers, roads and buildings, type of soil, wildlife, how people live and climate etc. their traditions Drawing your Place On your white board, draw Utah and fill it in with symbols which represent your state and what makes your state unique. Place in early America History HumanEnvironment Interaction • The relationship between people and their environment. – Adaptation is how people change (clothing and housing) because of the environment – Modification is how the environment has been changed by people. – Dependence is how people depend on the environment. • Within your group brainstorm about how humans have changed and altered the environment around them. Come up with three positive human impacts and three negative human impacts. Everyone in the group needs to be participating and be able to answer questions if called upon Region Region • Regions are areas or a group of places that can be grouped together by a set of physical or cultural characteristics that are special to that region. – Physical refers to mountains, deserts, vegetation, and climates. – Cultural refers to history, religion, and language Region Questions • How do you think people in the united states characterize your region (Utah)? • Blue’s Clues airs at 3:00 pm in Michigan. In Utah Blue’s Clues airs at 5:00 pm. This is an example of what type of region? • What was the major difference between the Northern Colonies and the Southern Colonies? Movement • Movement includes the movement of people, goods, and communications (the movement of ideas). • How has this changed in the last two hundred years? Examples Review Question 1 The Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn are both located 23.5 degrees north and south of the equator. What are they an example of Longitude or latitude ? Question 2 Native Americans were among the first civilizations to farm. Before they farmed they would have to move from place to place in order to get food. Their ability to adapt to their environment is an example of which of the five themes of geography? A) B) C) D) E) Place Interaction Movement Region Location Question 3 Which of the following is not an example of region? A) B) C) D) The Great Lakes States The Soda-pop states The California state The New England states Question 4 Which of the following devices does not give you absolute location? A) B) C) D) Cell phone GPS Car Ipod Question 5 When they landed on American soil, European explorers, like Columbus, brought with them slaves, small-pox, and horses. This is known as the Columbian exchange and is an example of what? A) Place B) Interaction C) Movement D) Region E) Location Question 6 As you student events and trends in history, you will often need to think geographically. For practice, let us see how population trends throughout the history of the United States relate to the five themes of geography. When the United States won its independence in 1783, it was made up of 13 states located on the Atlantic coast (_________). The majority of the population lived along the coast or near rivers ( ________), where water transportation was easy (________). The Appalachian Mountains and other geographic features limited westward movement (_______). In 1790, the nation’s center of population was located in Maryland. Question 7 • Which geographic theme would be most concerned with trade among nations? A) Place B) Interaction C) Movement D) Region E) Location Unscramble each of the clue words. Copy the letters in the numbered cells to other cells with the same number.