US The Home Front - Lenape Regional High School District

Report
US
THE HOME FRONT
DO NOW
 In order to go to war what
preparations do you think a country
needs to make?
SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT
 Authorizes a draft of young men for military service
 “Great National Lottery”
 Secretary of War Newton D. Baker pulls number
out of jar
 Group of men assigned that number become
draftees
 Conscientious Objectors
 People whose moral or religious beliefs forbade
them to fight
WAR ECONOMY
 Economy needed to shift from peacetime to war
economy
 War Industries Board
 Headed by Bernard Baruch
 Regulated what products were made, where they
went and how much they would cost
 Food Administration-Herbert Hoover
 Set prices for food and encouraged conservation
of food
COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC INFORMATION
 Two responsibilities
 educate public about the war
 Convince Americans war was a just cause
 George Creel-Director of CPI
 “sell America”
 Designed posters (propaganda)
ESPIONAGE ACT/SEDITION ACT
 Espionage Act- severe penalties for anyone engaged in
disloyal or treasonable activities
 Obstructing army recruiters, aiding enemy,
interference of war effort
 Sedition Act- unlawful to use “disloyal, profane or
abusive language” towards the government, the
Constitution or military forces
 Eugene V. Debs-leader of socialist party
 Arrested under Sedition Act
WOMEN
 Women were split on the U.S. joining the war
 Women’s Peace Party
 Women’s International League for Peace and
Freedom
 Women enter the workforce
 Took many different jobs vacated by men
 This earned them the right to vote
AFRICAN-AMERICANS
 Many African-Americans enlisted in WWI
 Served in segregated units
 The Great Migration
 Over 1 million African-Americans migrated from
the south up to the north in the U.S.
 Main reason was to escape from violent racism

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