Jim Orford

Report
Power, Powerlessness and
Addiction
Jim Orford
University of Birmingham
Presented at the Annual Conference of the New Directions in the Study of
Alcohol Group, Birmingham, April 26th 2013
Power, Powerlessness and Addiction
Addiction
reduces
autonomy
Family
interests
compromised
Power
on the
supply
side
Powerless
have less
resistance
Expert
power
to help
The Principal Forms of Power
Power over others
Power for others
Force
Reward
Legitimate
Persuasion
Punishment
Expert
Manipulation
Personal
The Four Faces of Power (Lukes 2005)
• Overt power – control by powerful others
• Agenda power – control by keeping things off the
agenda
• Ideological power – we accept things as they are
• Self-disciplinary or ‘under the skin’ power – we
control ourselves
Caitlin Thomas
NN
CAITLIN
d
DYLAN
Caitlin and Her Biographers
d
DYLAN
NN
CAITLIN
sympathetic
f
Tremlett
unsympathetic
Ferris
From Caitlin’s Poem Self Portrait
Is this me,
This carping crock …
Can this tame nag
Be hagridden me?
Dylan, Caitlin and John Malcolm Brinnin
NN
CAITLIN
d
DYLAN
Brinnin
Dylan, Caitlin and John Malcolm Brinnin
NN
CAITLIN
d
DYLAN
Brinnin
Dylan, Caitlin and John Malcolm Brinnin
NN
CAITLIN
d
DYLAN
Nashold
&
Tremlett
Brinnin
hostile
Sara and Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Molly Lefebure, The Bondage of Love
SARA
STC
Sara, STC and the Wordsworths
SARA
DOROTHY
STC
WILLIAM
… and Other Friends
POOLE
SARA
SOUTHEY
STC
Doctor
GILLMAN
DOROTHY
WILLIAM
Some Useful Theories
• Social dominance theory (SDT) – hierarchy-enhancing
myths
• System justification theory
• Post-colonial theory – the ‘mark of oppression’, the
‘scars of bondage’
• Capability theory
Why are Subordinates Compliant rather than
Continuously Rebellious?
(Tilly 1991; Lukes 2005)
• Force and inertia hold them in place
• They lack the means for resistance and rebellion which are
costly
• They get something in return for their compliance
e.g. esteem, identity
• Because of mystification, repression or lack of alternative
ideology, they remain unaware of their true interests
• The premise is incorrect: they rebel continuously but in covert
ways
Affected Family Members: A Group with No
Voice
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Difficult to identify
Not associated with any one priority health problem
Do not create a problem of public disorder
Have no collective voice or identity
Have no name
Neglected
Often blamed
Feel ashamed
EXAMPLES OF COLLECTIVE ACTION BY AFFECTED FAMILY
MEMBERS
• Mothers against drunk driving: a national campaign in
the USA
• Voice of Southmead: a local community project in
Bristol, England
• Grog War: Campaign for grog-free days in Tennant
Creek, Northern Territory, Australia
• Family Support Network: Network of Family Support
Groups, Ireland

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