The Impact Of Technology On Young Children’s Development

The Impact Of Technology
On Young Children’s
By Ashwag Aldegin
What is The Technology
Technology can be anything that was
created by humans. It is intended to
make life easier or solves a problem.
Some of Electronic Devices:
There are some of electronic devices that young
children can use for their learning:
1- Computers.
2- IPad.
3- IPod.
Review of Related Studies
A- Supporter of Using Technology:
1- Develop children’s skills.
I ) Cognitive Skills.
* Increase children’s time in on-task behavior (Bergin, Ford, & Hess, 1993).
* Provide consistent and frequent reinforcement .
* Provide extensive scaffolding of learning.
(Parette, Hourcade, & Heiple, 2000).
* Participate in simulations and manipulate variables that might not be
possible in the real world.
(Scoter, Ellis, & Railsback, 2001).
* Enhance curriculum (Haugland, 1992).
II ) Social Skills.
* Increase the amount of communication and positive
(Clements, 1994 & Haugland, 1997).
* Using technology is a catalyst for information sharing,
language development, and decision making for many
young children.
(Tsantis, Bewick, & Thouvenelle, 2003).
2- Improve children’s knowledge in using different digital learning
B- Opponents of Using Technology:
1- Using electronic devices for young children affect children’s
I ) Physical Skills.
II ) Social Skills.
(Cordes & Miller, 2000).
2- Increase some health problems.
I ) Vision problems.
* Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS).
* Early myopia.
II ) Childhood obesity.
(Alliance for Childhood, 2004).
1- Using technology can support both teaching
and learning.
2- It enhances classrooms with digital learning
tools, such as computers, IPads, and other
3- It expands learning materials.
4- It supports learning all the
5- Using technology builds 21st century skills.
6- It increases student engagement and
7- It helps to link teachers to their students.
8- Using technology helps to increase educational
productivity by accelerating the rate of learning.
( U.S. Department of Education,2013)
Recommendations for Early Childhood
1- Select and use technology and interactive
media tools in developmentally appropriate ways.
2- Giving careful attention through using
electronic devices to provide the quality of the
content for young children.
3- Provide a balance of activities for young
4- Discourage passive uses with young children.
5- Limit any use of technology for children younger
than 2 years old to support responsive interactions
between caregivers and children.
6- Educators and parents should carefully consider
the screen time recommendations from public health
through using technology with young children.
7- Provide serious leadership from educators and
parents to ensuring equitable access through using
technology for young children.
(NAEYC and the Fred Rogers Center, 2014)
Using technology in classrooms can
enhance the curriculum and young
children’s skills if it use appropriately.
Teachers can achieve the best academic
results if they use technology with other
classroom activities together.
Alliance for Childhood. (2004). Tech Tonic: Towards a New Literacy of Technology,
Alliance for Childhood. College Park, MD.
Bergin, A., Ford, E., & Hess, D. (1993). Patterns of motivation and social behavior
associated with microcomputer use of young children. Journal of Educational
Psychology. 85(3), 437-445.
Cordes, C. & Miller, E. (2000). Fool’s Gold: A critical look at computers in childhood.
College Park, MD: Alliance for Childhood.
Clements, H. (1994). In Wright, L., & Shade, D. (Eds). The uniqueness of the computer
as a learning tool: Insights from research and practice. Young Children: Active
learners in a technological age. 31-50. Washington, DC: NAEYC.
Haugland, S. (1992). The effect of computer software on preschool children’s
developmental gains. Journal of Computing in Childhood Education, 3(1):15–30.
Haugland, S. (1997). Children’s home computer use. Early Childhood Education
Journal. 25 (2): 133-135.
NAEYC and the Fred Rogers Center, (2014). Technology and Interactive Media as
Tools in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age 8: NAEYC.
Parette, H., Hourcade, J., & Heiple, G. (2000). Computers and Young Children. Early
Childhood Education Journal, Vol. 27, No. 4.
Scoter, J., Ellis, D. & Railsback, J. (2001). Technology in Early Childhood Education:
finding the balance. Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, Portland, Oregon.
Tsantis, A., Bewick, J., & Thouvenelle, S. (2003). Examining some common myths about
computer use in the early years.
U.S. Department of Education (2013). Use of Technology in Teaching and Learning
Retrieved from

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