Title for Notes: Imperialism in Southeast Asia Warm-Up: (1) What nations do you think compose Southeast Asia? (2) What raw materials do you think the Western Powers would seek in Southeast Asia? Southeast Asia Why Southeast Asia? • Western countries desired lands within the Pacific Rim due to their strategic location to China • Pacific Rim nations also had many valuable resources such as tropical agriculture, minerals, and oil • Competition begun among Western nations to gather as much land as possible (Just as in Africa and India) • European Powers Arrive in the early 18th Century-Dutch, British, French, Portuguese, United States, and Spanish A Divided Region: Do Not Write This Down • Dutch: – Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Malacca, the Moluccas, Bali, & Indonesia (then called the Dutch East Indies) • British: – harbor in Singapore, Malaysia, & Burma • French: – French Indochina (present day Vietnam). French colonialism will ultimately led to the Vietnam War… • Spanish: – Philippines • Portuguese: – Timor • United States: – Philippine Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, and Hawaii • Independent: – Siam Philippines •The United States acquired the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Guam as a result of the SpanishAmerican War in 1898. •Nationalist leader Emilo Aguinaldo proclaimed that the US had promised independence immediately after the War ended, the nationalists declared independence. •The US put up a fierce struggle with the nationalists and prepared the island nation for independence •The US built roads, railroads, hospitals, and schools, (improved infrastructure). •However, cash crops were grown (sugar) and this led to food shortages. To the USA Hawaii • American interest in Hawaii began in the 1790s as Hawaii was a port on the way to China • Sugar plantations were established and accounted for 75% of the nations wealth. The landowners became politically powerful • In 1890, the McKinley Tariff Act passed and made it so that the sugar from Hawaii was not any cheaper then sugar from other places. • Plantation owners wanted to annex Hawaii to increase their exportation of the cash crop. • After a removed Queen (Liliuokalani), Hawaii was annexed in 1898 Queen Liliuokalani was the last monarch and the only queen. She was ousted from power by the United States. Ship's landing force on duty at the Arlington Hotel, Honolulu, at the time of the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, January 1893. Lieutenant Lucien Young, USN, commanded the detachment, and is presumably the officer at right. Colonial Impact •Economies grew based on cash crop goods being sold in the world market •Infrastructures improved: Roads, harbors, rail systems, and communication systems •Education, health, and sanitation also improved •Huge influx of a migrant worker population •Southeast Asia became a melting pot of Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and Buddhists (this has led to increased tensions to this day) Causes & Effects of Imperialism Causes Effects •Nationalism-to gain power, European nations compete for colonies and trade. •Colonization-Europeans control land and people in areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. •Economic Competitiondemand for raw materials and new markets spurs a search for colonies. •Colonial Economics-Europeans control trade in the colonies and set up dependent cashcrop economies. •Missionary Spirit-Europeans believe they must spread their Christian teachings to the world. •Christianization-Christianity is spread to Africa, India, and Asia. In your notebook create the chart below. Using your textbook, homework, notes, and the additional readings fill in the necessary information for each imperialist power. France Dutch •(How) Methods used to imperialize- •(How) Methods used to imperialize- •(What/Why) What the imperialist was seeking- •(What/Why) What the imperialist was seeking- •(Who) Nations that were imperialized- •(Who) Nations that were imperialized- •Various important events- •Various important events- Britain USA •(How) Methods used to imperialize- •(How) Methods used to imperialize- •(What/Why) What the imperialist was seeking- •(What/Why) What the imperialist was seeking- •(Who) Nations that were imperialized- •(Who) Nations that were imperialized- •Various important events- •Various important events- Ticket-Out-the-Door: 1. Of the many regions that we have studied that were colonized…which region do you personally think was the most exploited and why? 2. Is colonization (imperialism), in general more positive or more negative (explain).