Title: Imperialism in Southeast Asia

Report
Title for Notes:
Imperialism in Southeast Asia
Warm-Up:
(1) What nations do you think compose Southeast
Asia?
(2) What raw materials do you think the Western
Powers would seek in Southeast Asia?
Southeast
Asia
Why Southeast Asia?
• Western countries desired lands within the
Pacific Rim due to their strategic location to
China
• Pacific Rim nations also had many valuable
resources such as tropical agriculture,
minerals, and oil
• Competition begun among Western nations
to gather as much land as possible (Just as in
Africa and India)
• European Powers Arrive in the early 18th
Century-Dutch, British, French, Portuguese,
United States, and Spanish
A Divided Region:
Do Not Write This Down
• Dutch:
– Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Malacca, the Moluccas, Bali, &
Indonesia (then called the Dutch East Indies)
• British:
– harbor in Singapore, Malaysia, & Burma
• French:
– French Indochina (present day Vietnam). French colonialism will
ultimately led to the Vietnam War…
• Spanish:
– Philippines
• Portuguese:
– Timor
• United States:
– Philippine Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, and Hawaii
• Independent:
– Siam
Philippines
•The United States acquired the Philippines, Puerto
Rico, Cuba, and Guam as a result of the SpanishAmerican War in 1898.
•Nationalist leader Emilo Aguinaldo proclaimed that
the US had promised independence immediately after
the War ended, the nationalists declared
independence.
•The US put up a fierce struggle with the nationalists
and prepared the island nation for independence
•The US built roads, railroads, hospitals, and schools,
(improved infrastructure).
•However, cash crops were grown (sugar) and this led
to food shortages.
To the USA
Hawaii
• American interest in Hawaii began in the 1790s
as Hawaii was a port on the way to China
• Sugar plantations were established and
accounted for 75% of the nations wealth. The
landowners became politically powerful
• In 1890, the McKinley Tariff Act passed and made
it so that the sugar from Hawaii was not any
cheaper then sugar from other places.
• Plantation owners wanted to annex Hawaii to
increase their exportation of the cash crop.
• After a removed Queen (Liliuokalani), Hawaii was
annexed in 1898
Queen Liliuokalani was the last monarch and the only queen. She
was ousted from power by the United States.
Ship's landing force on duty at the Arlington Hotel, Honolulu, at the time of the
overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, January 1893. Lieutenant Lucien Young, USN,
commanded the detachment, and is presumably the officer at right.
Colonial Impact
•Economies grew based on cash crop goods being
sold in the world market
•Infrastructures improved: Roads, harbors, rail
systems, and communication systems
•Education, health, and sanitation also improved
•Huge influx of a migrant worker population
•Southeast Asia became a melting pot of Hindus,
Muslims, Christians, and Buddhists (this has led to
increased tensions to this day)
Causes & Effects of Imperialism
Causes
Effects
•Nationalism-to gain power,
European nations compete for
colonies and trade.
•Colonization-Europeans control
land and people in areas of
Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
•Economic Competitiondemand for raw materials and
new markets spurs a search
for colonies.
•Colonial Economics-Europeans
control trade in the colonies
and set up dependent cashcrop economies.
•Missionary Spirit-Europeans
believe they must spread their
Christian teachings to the
world.
•Christianization-Christianity is
spread to Africa, India, and
Asia.
In your notebook create the chart below. Using your textbook,
homework, notes, and the additional readings fill in the necessary
information for each imperialist power.
France
Dutch
•(How) Methods used to imperialize-
•(How) Methods used to imperialize-
•(What/Why) What the imperialist was seeking-
•(What/Why) What the imperialist was seeking-
•(Who) Nations that were imperialized-
•(Who) Nations that were imperialized-
•Various important events-
•Various important events-
Britain
USA
•(How) Methods used to imperialize-
•(How) Methods used to imperialize-
•(What/Why) What the imperialist was seeking-
•(What/Why) What the imperialist was seeking-
•(Who) Nations that were imperialized-
•(Who) Nations that were imperialized-
•Various important events-
•Various important events-
Ticket-Out-the-Door:
1. Of the many regions that we have
studied that were colonized…which
region do you personally think was the
most exploited and why?
2. Is colonization (imperialism), in general
more positive or more negative
(explain).

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