Chapter 8 Review CHANGES ON EARTH Which layer of Earth is below the crust? A. Core B. Crust C. Mantle D. Inner core C. Mantle What forms when water slows enough to fill an area? A. Lake B. River C. Waterfall D. Stream A. lake What landform is made when a river slowly cuts through rock? A. Hill B. Plain C. Valley D. Mountain C. valley What force can rapidly change the Earth’s landscape? A. Wind erosion B. Weathering C. Thunderstorm D. Volcanic eruptions D. Volcanic Eruptions When igneous rock from a volcanic eruption cools, what does it form? A. new core B. new crust C. new mantle D. new inner core B. new crust How does water break apart rock? A. It takes up less space when it freezes in cold weather. B. It takes up less space when it melts in warm weather. C. It takes up more space when it freezes in cold weather. D. It takes up more space when it melts in warm weather. C. It takes up more space when it freezes in cold weather. What carries soil away from hilly farm fields? A. rain B. plants C. rivers D. waves A. rain What causes a rockslide-the quick movement of rocks down a slope? A. wind B. water C. gravity D. glaciers C. gravity How does erosion mainly occur in dry regions? A. Gravity pulls soil downhill. B. Mud flows quickly down a slope. C. Sand particles blow against rocks. D. Rock particles are carried away by water. C. Sand particles blow against rocks. What is the force of breaking rocks into smaller and smaller pieces? A. erosion B. gravity C. flooding D. weathering D. weathering What landform is this? mountain B. glacier C. plateau D. coast A. C. plateau What landform is this? A. coast B. crust C. mountain D. lake A. coast What landform is this? A. plateau B. coast C. lake D. glacier D. glacier What landform is this? A. glacier B. lake C. mountain D. coast C. mountains What is this? A. plateau B. lake C. coast D. mountain B. lake What is this? A. magma B. lava A. magma What is this? A. magma B. lava B. lava Be sure to study! Good Luck!