Europese tendensen omtrent efficiëntie en koelmiddelen - UBF-ACA

Report
All Seasons
°
CLIMATE COMFORT
Heating
Air Conditioning
Overview of tendencies on efficiency and
refrigerants
Applied Systems
Refrigeration
UBF/ACA 11/10/2013
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Jan. ’08 – commission
“climate action and renewable energy package”
20%
Less primary energy
•
•
•
•
•
Revision of Energy
performance of Buildings
directive
Development criteria for
Energy related products:
water heaters, boilers, air
conditioners, windows,…
Revision of Energy labels
Ecolabel : the EU
ecoflower
Energy Service Directive
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
20%
Less CO2 emissions
•
Regulation on
fluorinated greenhouse
gases (F gas
regulation)
Name: Els Baert
20%
Share renewables
•
•
the Renewable Energy
Source directive,
incl. aerothermal,
hydrothermal &
geothermal energy
11/10/2013
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What is Ecodesign?
Reduce environmental impact of products based in life cycle assessment
For each product group
LOW
Environmental
impact
Energy label
Minimum
requirements
HIGH
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
BAN
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Which products?
Framework directive 2009/125/EC
DG Energy (ENER)
DG Enterprise (ENTR)
1. boilers
12. comm. Refriger.
23. Hobs & grills
ENTR 1 refrigeration
2. waterheaters
13. dom. Refriger
24. prof.washing machines,
dryers, dishwashers
ENTR 2 transformers
3. PC
14. dishwashers
25. Non tertiary coffee
mach.
ENTR 3. sound and imaging
equipment
4. copiers
15. Fossil fuel burner
26. Networked stand by loss
ENTR 4. furnaces and ovens
5. TV, …
16. Laundry driers
27. Uninterruptable power
supply
ENTR 5. machine tools
6. Stand by loss
17. Vacuum cleaners
28. pumps
ENTR 6 airco & ventilation
7. Battery charger
18. Set top boxes
29. Pumps for fountains,
ponds
8. Office lights
19. Domestic lighting
30. Motors and drives
9. Street lights
20. Local room heating
prod.
31. compressors
10.Airconditioner<12kW
21. Central heat. prod
hot air
11. motors, fans,..
22. ovens
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Applicable to HVACR industry
1. boilers
2. waterheaters
10.Airconditioner<12kW
11. motors, fans,..
6/10 ventilation
12. comm. Refriger.
21. Central heat. prod hot air
31. compressors
ENTR 1 refrigeration
ENTR 6 airco & ventilation
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
HT process
chillers
6/21 airconditioners
Split up and merged
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
vote
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Publication
OJ
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Implementation
Expected timing (tentative)
2011
2013
2015
2017
ENER Lot 10
ENER Lot 11
ENER Lot 1
ENER Lot 2
ENTR Lot 1
ENTR Lot 6/21
?
ENTR lot 6/10
?
ENER lot 31
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
?
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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ENER lot 10: airconditioners  12 kW cooling capacity
ECODESIGN & ENERGY
LABEL
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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General overview of requirements and timing
01/01/2013
01/01/2014
Ecodesign
Ecodesign
TIER 1
TIER 2
Label 1
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
01/01/2015
01/01/2017
Label 2
Name: Els Baert
Label 3
01/01/2019
Label 4
11/10/2013
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ecodesign
Requirements for efficiency and sound power
Efficiency requirements
Bin calculation
according to EN
14825
SEER>6kW/SEER<6kW/SCOP
4.6
4.3
10% reduction for
Minimum
refrigerants with
requirements
GWP  150
3.6
3.8
3.4
Threshold is lower for
low GWP refrigerants
2013
year
2014
Sound power requirements (EN12102)
Capacity 6kW
6kW<capacity12kW
Indoor
Outdoor
Indoor
Outdoor
60dBA
65dBA
65dBA
70dBA
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Energy label
Scale and layout of energy label (reversibles)
COOLING
From 2014,
lower than B=
banned
8.5
6.1
5.6
5.1
4.6
Tier 2 6kW
Tier 2>6kW
4.1
3.6
3.1
2.6
Tier 1
E
F
G
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Energy label
Scale and layout of energy label (reversibles)
HEATING
From 2014,
lower than
A+= banned
5.1
4.6
4.0
3.4
Tier 2
Tier 1
3.1
2.8
2.5
2.2
1.9
E
F
G
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Impact of conversion to SCOP
New Energy label
Variable
capacity
Old energy label
>3.6
>3.4
>3.2
>2.8
>2.6
>2.4
2.4≥
A
A
B
≥ 5,1 A+++
≥ 4,6
A++
≥ 4,0
A+
≥ 3,4
A
≥ 3,1
C
≥ 2,8
D
≥ 2,5
Ban 2015
Ban 2013
B
C
D
E
F
Fixed
capacity
≥2,2
≥1,9
E
F
G
<1.9
G
COP
SCOP
Moving to SEER/SCOP will move technology to variable speed products
enhancing total
efficiency landscape
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Savings by applying seasonal performance
From 2013 onwards
Before 2013
EER
3,03
SEER
efficiency
consumption
4,43
B
100%
100%
3,36
D
76%
131%
B
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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ENER lot 1 – space heating and combination heating
ECODESIGN & ENERGY
LABEL
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Verwachte tijdslijn
Energy label
Up till 70kW
A++ to G
A+++ to D
LABEL 1
Published
06/09/2013
26/09/2015
TIER 1
Ecodesign
Up till 400kW
•
•
•
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Minimum
efficiency
Maximum
sound power
Product
information
REVIEW
26/09/2017
26/09/2018
TIER 2
TIER 3
•
Minimum
efficiency
•
LABEL 2
26/09/2019
Nox
requirements
REVIEW
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Energy label
General overview of label requirements
Space heater or Combination space heater
Fossil
fuel
boilers
mCHP
electric
Heatpumps
55°C +
35°C
Heatpumps
only 35°C
Packages
Hybrid
systems
(1 box)
Space heater or combination
space heater + control + solar
Add ons
Solar
only
systems
Product label
Package label
fiche
fiche
Technical documentation
Technical documentation
fiche
Efficiency class
Advertisement and technical
promotional material
Efficiency class
Advertisement and technical
promotional material
Technical
documentation
controls
+ If intended to be used in a
package
+ Package label
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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ecodesign
Requirements for efficiency and sound power
Products in scope
fossil
Tier1
Tier 3
B1: 0-10kW
B1combination: 0-30kW
75%
Other ≤70kW
B1>10kW
B1combination>30kW
86%
70-400kW
HP
86% full capacity / 94% 30 part capacity
55°C
100%
110%
35°C
115%
125%
30%
37%
Electric heaters
MAXIMUM SOUND POWER* [dB(A)]
88
80
78
70
65
60
indoors
0
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
outdoors
6
12
*at rated condition
(7/55, or 7/35)
Name: Els Baert
30
70kW
Rated capacity
11/10/2013
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Overview of energy labels & requirements
for heatpumps
220%
A+++
200%
180%
A+
A+++
160%
140%
120%
100%
BANS
for
A++
A
A++
A+++
A++
A
B
C
A+
80%
60%
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
A
Lot 10
B
A+
C
D
D
B
C
D
E
E
Lot 1
35°C
Lot 1
55°C
E
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Energy label
Energy labels and expected population of label classes
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Energy label
Labels per technology
Combination heaters
July 2017
July 2015
Space heaters
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Energy label
Labels for “packages”
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Determination of efficiency
Heatpumps (electric and fossil)
Fossil fuel & cogen
Ƞs = Ƞson -F(i)
Ƞson
F(i)
F5
Ƞs = SCOP/CC-F(i) Ƞs = SEPR-F(i)
Ƞs
0,85Ƞ1+0,15Ƞ4
Ƞ1
Efficiency low temperature
30%
Ƞ4
Efficiency 80/60
F(1)
controls
F(2)
Auxiliary electricity
consumption
F(3)
Standby heat loss
F(i)
SCOP/CC or SEPR
SCOP
EN 14825
CC
Primary energy factor = 2,5
SEPR
For fossil fuel HP
F(1)
controls
F(2)
Auxiliary pumps
electric
Ƞs = P/(ECxCC)
F(4)
Ignition burner power
consumption
F(5)
Contribution for cogeneration
Without supplementary heaters = - 2,5 x ηel,CHP100+Sup0
With supplementary heaters = - 2,5 x (0,85 x ηel,CHP100+Sup0 + 0,15 x ηel,CHP100+Sup100)
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Seasonal performance
Capacity/demand (kW)
SCOPon
-10
HHE
= Equivalent hours
= 2066
Capacity
heatpump
degradation
Back up
-7
auxiliaries
demand
2
7
12
Outdoor temperature (°C)
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
16
Name: Els Baert
o
o
o
o
Stand by
Thermostat off
Off
Crank caseheater
11/10/2013
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ENTR lot 1 – professional refrigeration
ECODESIGN
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Products in scope
Professional
storage
cabinets
Process
chillers
Condensing
units
Blast
cabinets
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Expected timing
Entry in force
Jul/2015
TIER 1
• Efficiency
requirements
• Information
requirements
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Jul/2018
TIER 2
• Efficiency
requirements
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Ecodesign
Expected requirements
2015
Capacity @ 32°C/-10°C
Medium TEMPERATURE
Capacity @ 32°C/-35°C
Low TEMPERATURE
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
2018
capacity
COP
SEPR
COP
SEPR
≤1
1,2
N/A
1,4
N/A
≤5
1,4
N/A
1,6
N/A
≤20
N/A
2,25
N/A
2,55
>20
N/A
2,35
N/A
2,65
capacity
COP
SEPR
COP
SEPR
≤0,4
0,75
N/A
0,8
N/A
≤2
0,85
N/A
0,95
N/A
≤8
N/A
1,5
N/A
1,6
>8
N/A
1,6
N/A
1,7
Name: Els Baert
10% bonus on MEPS for low
GWP refrigerants 11/10/2013
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Ecodesign
Conversion to seasonal performance is necessary
Ensure differentiation of better technologies
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Ecodesign
Efficientie eisen voor proces chillers
watercooled
aircooled
Capacity @ 32°C/+6°C
High TEMPERATURE
capacity
2015
2018
2015
2018
SEPR
SEPR
SEPR
SEPR
≤300
Moved to ENTR lot 6/21
>300
Capacity @ 32°C/-10°C
capacity
SEPR
SEPR
SEPR
SEPR
≤300
2,24
2,58
2,86
3,29
>300
2,8
3,22
3,8
4,37
Capacity @ 32°C/-35°C
capacity
SEPR
SEPR
SEPR
SEPR
Low TEMPERATURE
≤300
1,48
1,7
1,82
2,09
>300
1,6
1,84
2,1
2,42
Medium TEMPERATURE
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
10% bonus on MEPS for low
GWP refrigerants 11/10/2013
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ENTR lot6/ENER lot 21 airconditioners above 12kW
ECODESIGN
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Proposed timing of the measure
May change
Entry in force
08/2015
Fixed
Fixed
Fixed
2017
2018
2019
TIER 1
•
•
•
•
TIER 2
Space heat eff
Space cooling eff
Sound power
Information
• NOX
Review
2020
TIER 3
•
•
•
•
Space heat eff
Space cooling eff
Sound power
Information
Self declaration
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Scope & requirements
Split
units >
12kW
VRF
Rooftops
Gas
engine
airco/heat
pumps
Space heating energy efficiency (≤1 MW)*
Space cooling energy efficiency
(≤ 2 MW)*
Fossil
fuel
warm air
heaters
Electric
warm air
heaters
Airco
Chillers
HT
chillers
Fan coil
units
*PRIMARY
EFFICIENCY!
SEPR
NOx requirements
Sound power (< 70 kW)
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Efficiency expressed in Primary energy efficiency
Space heating efficiency
Space cooling efficiency
for electricity driven heat pumps
for electricity driven comfort chillers and
airconditioners
,ℎ
1
=
 −

()
SCOP the seasonal coefficient of performance in
active mode
,ℎ
1
=
 −

()
SEER the seasonal energy efficiency ratio in active
mode
CC the conversion coefficient = 2,5;
  =  1 + (2)
 1 = 3% correction for the negative contribution due to the temperature controls, for all
 2 = 5% correction for the negative contribution of the ground water pump, only for water source heat
pumps.
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Minimum space heating and cooling efficiency
Tier 1 (2017)
Heating
%
Tier 3 (2019)
Cooling
SCOP
(%)
SEER
Heating
%
SCOP
GWP > 675
Cooling
%
SEER
GWP > 675
Warm air heater using fuels
72
78
/
Warm air heater, using electricity
30
32
/
Air- to-air
141
3,6
181
4,6
3,725
189
137
Air to water < 400 kW
/
157
4
/
161
4,1
Air to water ≥ 400 kW
/
173
4,4
/
185
4,7
Water/Brine to water < 400 kW
/
196
5,1
/
200
5,2
Water/Brine to water ≥ 400 kW
/
256
6,6
/
272
7
Air to water < 400 kW, fuel driven
/
142
Name: Els Baert
142
4,8
Air- to-air, fuel driven
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
167
146
/
177
147
Only for cooling: GWP ≤ 675:
10% bonus 11/10/2013
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SEPR high temperature process chillers
Tier 1
(2017)
Tier 3
(2019)
SEPR
SEPR
Air to water < 400 kW
4,5
5
Air to water ≥ 400 kW
5
5,5
Water/Brine to water < 400 kW
6,5
7
Water/Brine to water ≥ 400 kW
7,5
8
8
8,5
Air to water < 400 kW, fuel driven
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Sound power requirements
outdoor
indoor
ducted
Space heating
2017
2019
Non ducted
2017
2019
88
88
83
83
78
78
2017
2019
73
70
68
68
65
63
63
59
0
6
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
12
30
0
70
Name: Els Baert
6
12
17,5
30
70
11/10/2013
All Seasons
°
CLIMATE COMFORT
Heating
Air Conditioning
Applied Systems
Refrigeration
Herziening van de F Gassen verordening
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F-gassen in de „EU roadmap to a low-carbon economy by 2050“
Niet- CO2 Gassen andere
sectoren:
N2O, Methaan
& F-Gassen (HFC, PFC,
SF6)
Reductie doelstelling:
2030: -72%
2050: -78%
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Huidige F-gas wetgeving in EU
1. Verordening gefluoreerde broeikasgassen EC/842/2006
HFKs, PFC & SF6 :
» Preventie van emissies via training & certificatie, regelmatige
lekdichtheidscontrole
» + een aantal productverboden
2. Richtlijn mobiele Air Conditioning 2006/40/EC
Verbod op HFKs met een GWP>150 voor AC in personenwagens
Opmerking : CFKs en HCFKs zijn verboden door de Verordening op Ozonafbrekende
stoffen 2037/2000
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Bron: EU Commissie rapport:
http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/f-gas/docs/report_en.pdf
Huidige F-gas wetgeving stabiliseert, maar is onvoldoende
Zonder huidige
F gassen
wetgeving
-46%
-28%
-44%
Met huidige F
gassen
wetgeving
-64%
Extra
maatregelen
nodig
Verdere reductie nodig :
• Huidige wetgeving stabiliseert de emissies op 104MtCO2eq in 2030
• In het kader van de EU roadmap 2050 moeten de emissies verder verlaagd worden :
°
 een
bijkomende
reductie van 70 Mtonnes CO2eq
inEls
2030
All Seasons
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name:
Baert is nodig.
11/10/2013
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Proces: Herziening van de F-gas directive
EU Commissie
7/11/2012
DG Climate
publiceerde
voorstel
Huidig politiek debat
DG = Directorate General
ENVI = Environment
COREPER = Committee of permanent
representatives
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
EU Parlement
06/03/2013
ENVI Committee
Rapport van Rapporteur
EU Raad
Werkgroepen
28/03/2013: Amendmenten
19/06/2013: Stemming ENVI
21/03/2013
COREPER Orientatie debat
18/06/2013
Rapport
10-11/2013
Volledig Parliament
Ministers van de EU lidstaten
Trialogue discussies Q4/Q1
Name: Els Baert
Consensus
Q1 (2014)
11/10/2013
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Algemeen overzicht van de situatie
•
•
•
•
Phase down
Geen voorvullen
Specifieke product
bans, niet op airco
en warmtepompen
Ban op servicing
(GWP>2500)
Council
Parlement ENVI
commissie
•
•
•
•
Ambitieuze Phase
down
Geen voorvullen
Product bans op
airco en
refrigeration.
Ban op servicing
(GWP>2500)
•
•
•
•
Phase down
Wel voorvullen met
tracking system
product bans, niet
op airco en
warmtepompen
Ban op servicing
(GWP>2500)
TRIALOGUE
All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013
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Positie van Industrie
Algemene doelstellingen en principe van “phase down” worden
ondersteund, maar er zijn onderhandelingspunten:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
De “phase down” is te drastisch wat tot tekorten zou kunnen leiden. De groei van de
warmtepompmarkt zou bijvb. in het gedrang kunnen komen.
Het voorstel bevat een verbod op voorvullen van toestellen in de fabriek. Dit zou de
emissies en de kost voor consumenten doen stijgen. De doelstelling vh verbod wordt
wel ondersteund, nl. het beschermen van EU fabrikanten tegen ongelimiteerde import
van buiten EU. Maar er is een andere manier.(in onderhandeling)
De rapporteur van het ENVI committee wil een hoge bijdrage koppelen aan het
gebruik van HFK quota. Dit kan fabrieken in de EU in een nadelige positie brengen
t.o.v. fabrieken buiten de EU en zou tot delocaties kunnen leiden.
Qua product-verboden is het Commissievoorstel redelijk. Sommige ENVI leden willen
nog bijkomende productverboden voorstellen die niet haalbaar zijn voor de industrie
(vb airco, warmtepompen). Niet haalbaar = omwille van energie-efficiëntie
beperkingen, veiligheidsbeperkingen en betaalbaarheid voor de consument.
De wettelijke basis van de verordening geeft teveel ruimte aan lidstaten om nog
bijkomende maatregelen te nemen. Dit druist in tegen het principe van een Europese
eenheidsmarkt
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All Seasons °
CLIMATE COMFORT
Name: Els Baert
11/10/2013

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