Prehistoric “Chinese Horse” 15,000

Prehistoric “Chinese Horse” 15,000-13,500 BC
Cave ceiling, Lascaux, France
1. Some the earliest known art work is found in the Lascaux (pronounced las cow) caves in
France.This prehistoric cave painting was called "Chinese” horse because it resembles a
Sung Chinese horse painting. Paints were made by using charcoal and minerals from the
earth. Brushes were made from an animals mane, sticks and strips of animal skin. “Spray”
paint techniques were used by blowing paint through a hollow reed. This cave (which
contained hundreds of paintings) was discovered in 1940 by four teenagers. They kept it a
secret for a week until they told their teacher.
2. Albrecht Durer
“St Eustace” 1500 German
Durer was the first artist to use
printmaking as a major
medium for art. At the age of
13 he was apprenticed to a
painter and designer of
woodcuts. This print is an
etching which uses strong
acids to cut into unprotected
parts of the metal to create a
design. This etching can be
found at the Houston Museum
of Fine Arts.
3. Pablo Picasso “The Guernica” 1937 Spanish
Picasso is often referred to as the most famous artist of the 20century. He invented a style of art called CUBISM, which allows
more than one view of an image. This mural depicts the feelings of
rage when Picasso learned of the slaughter of 2000 civilians when
the warplanes dropped bombs on the Spanish town of Guernica.
Picasso used several elements to depict his anguish such as: Bull
=Spain, Horse=People, Sword=Defeat, Flower=regeneration and
11 ½ ft x 26
• 4. Luis Jimenez “Vaquero”
– 1980 USA
• When Jimenez was
commissioned to create a
fiberglass sculpture for the
White House Sculpture
garden, he decided to do
a horse different then the
other horses in the garden.
He noted that none had
their front feet on the
ground and their back legs
kicking up. While working
in his studio, Jimenez was
killed when a sculpture fell
on him.
• 5. Matisse “ Horse, the Rider and the Clown,” 1947
• Matisse gave up his law career to pursue a degree in
Art. Matisse was known for his highly decorative use
of pattern. When Matisse became bedridden, he still
wanted to create art so he cut out painted simplified
shapes and arranged them on his ceiling with a fishing
pole. This technique of cutting and pasting is called

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