Document

Report
Dedicated to the conservation and co-management of our Traditional Resources
in the Saint John Watershed/Bay of Fundy.
A Quarterly Newsletter
Spring (Siqon)2014
Saint John River
and its Tributaries
Summary
Page 1
Page 2
SPECIES OF THE WOLASTOQ
RIVERS AND TOWNS THAT THE
ENERGY EAST PIPELINE MAY CROSS OR
COME CLOSE TO
Page 3
Environmental
Contaminants in Traditional
Aboriginal Food
Page 4
Visit our Website: www.maliseetnationconservation.ca and Like us on Facebook
Saint John
River and its Tributaries
By Phil Atwin (Species at Risk).
Allagash River
Aroostook River
Becaquimec Stream
Big Presque Isle Stream
Black River
Canaan River
Eel River
Grand River
Green River
Iroqois River
Jemseg River
Kennebecasis River
Hammond River
Quiddy River
Keswick River
Madawaska River
Meduxnekeag River
(North Branch)
Meduxnekeag River
Nackawic Stream
Nashwaak River
Tay River
Nashaaksis Stream
Nerepis River
Oromocto River
Rusagonis Stream
Pokiok Stream
River DeChute
Saint Francis River
Shogomoc stream
Tobique River
Gulquac River
Little Tobique River
Serpentine River
Wapske River
SUMMARY
SPECIES OF THE
WOLASTOQ
By Brian Stuart Natural Resource Technician
NATIVE SPECIES marked in black and INVASIVE SPECIES marked in red
Family
Common English Name
Common French Name
Scientific Name
Acipenseridae
Atlantic Sturgeon
Esturgeon De l'Atlantique
Acipenser Oxyrhynchus
Shortnose Sturgeon
Acipenser Brevirostrum
Acipenser Brevirostrum
Anguillidae
American Eel, Common Eel
Anguille d'Amerique
Catostomidae
Longnose Sucker
Meunier Rouge
Anguilla Rostrata
Catostomus Catostomus
White Sucker, Common Sucker
Meunier Noir
Catostomus Commersoni
Pumpkinseed
Crapet-Soleil
Lepomis Gibbosus
Centrarchidae
Lepomis Auritus
Redbreast Sunfish
Smallmouth Bass
Achigan A Petite Bouche
Micro pterus Dolomieui
Alewife
Gaspereau
Alosa Pseudoharengus
American Shad, Atlantic Shad, Common Shad
Mose Savoureuse
Alosa Sapidissima
Blueback Herring
Alose Dike
Alosa Aestivalis
Cottidae
Slimy Sculpin
Chabot Visqueux
Umbridae
Central Mudminnow
Umbre De Vase
Cyprinidae
Blacknose Dace
Naseux Noir
Cottus Cognatus
Umbra Limi
Rhinichthys Atratulus
Blacknose Shiner
Merle A Museau Noir
Not ropis Heterolepis
Common Shiner
Merle A Nageoires Rouges
Luxitus Cornutus
Creek Chub
Mulet A Comes
Semotilus Atromaculatus
Fallfish
Ouitouche
Semotilus Corporal's
Fathead Minnow
Merle A Grosse Tete
Pimephales Promelas
Finescale Dace
Merle Ventre-Citron
Chrosomus Neogaeus
Golden Shiner
Merle laune
Notemigonus Crysoleucas
Goldfish
Carassin
Carassius Auratus
Lake Chub
Mulet De Lac
Couesius Plumbeus
Northern Redbelly Dace
Mend Ventre-Rouge
Chrosomus Eos
Pearl Dace
Mulet Perle
Semotilus Margarita
Banded Killifish
Fondule Barre
Fundulus Diaphanus
Mummichog, Atlantic Killifish, Killifish
Choquemort
Fundulus Heteroclitus
Chain Pickerel
Brochet Maille
Esox Niger
Muskellunge, Muskie, Musky
Maskinonge
Esox Masquinongy
Atlantic Tomcod, Frostfish
Microgadus Tomcod, Poulaman Atlantiaque
Micro gadus Tomcod
Burbot, Ling, Freshwater Cod
Lotte
Lota Lota
Brook Stickleback
Epinoche A Cinq Epines
Culaea lnconstans
Fourspine Stickleback
Epinoche A Quatre Epines
Apeltes Quadracus
Ninespine Stickleback
Epinoche A Neuf Epines, Epinochette
Pungitius Pungitius
Threespine Stickleback
Epinoche A Trois Pointes
Gasterosteus Aculeatus
Ictaluridae
Brown Bullhead, Common Catfish
Barbotte Brune
Osmeridae
Rainbow Smelt, Smelt
Eperlan Arc-En-Ciel, Eperlan Du Nord
Percichthyidae
Striped Bass
Bar Raye
Ameiurus Nebulosus
Osmerus Mordax
Morone Saxatilis
White Perch, Silver Perch
Baret
Morone Americana
Percidae
Yellow Perch
Perchaude
Petromyzontidae
Sea Lamprey
Grande Lamproie
Salmoninae
Arctic Char
Omble Arctique
Perca Flavescens
Petromyron Marinus
Salvelinus Alpinus
Atlantic Salmon
Saumon De l'Atlantique
Salmo Solar
Brook Trout, Speckled Trout, Brookie
Omble De Fontaine
Salvelinus Fontinalis
Brown Trout
Truite Brune
Salmo Trutta
Lake Trout, Siscowet
Touladi
Salvelinus Namaycush
Rainbow Trout, Steelhead (Sea Run)
Truite Arc-En-Ciel
Oncorhynchus Mykiss
Lake Whitefish
Grand Coregone
Coregonus Clupeaformis
Round Whitefish
Menomini Rond
Prosopium Cylindraceum
Clupeidae
Cyprinodontidae
Esocidae
Gadidae
Gasterosteidae
Coregoninae
Page 2
RIVERS AND TOWNS
THAT THE ENERGY EAST
PIPELINE MAY CROSS OR
COME CLOSE TO
By Brian Stuart Natural Resource Technician
With all the newspaper coverage
Quick facts
about the tarsands pipeline across New Brunswick in 2018, may end
the country, I think it’s best to let up either crossing or come in close  The crude production needed
to fill the Energy East pipeline
people in New Brunswick know proximity to. Starting at the
provincial boarder between
would generate an additional
how it will affect our most
Quebec
and
New
Brunswick,
the
30 to 32 million tonnes of
important river and towns.
carbon emissions each year —
“In New Brunswick, we have a longfirst town to come in contact with
the equivalent of adding more
way to go in coming to terms with the pipeline is Edmundston, then
Grand
Falls,
Plaster
Rock,
Stanley,
than seven million cars to
the risks as the 400km of new
Canada’s roads.
pipeline is proposed to cross 195 Chipman, Hampton, and Saint
John.
The
first
of
11
rivers
or

By comparison, filling the
waterways, provincially significant
streams is the Madawaska River.
proposed Keystone XL pipeline
wetlands, 3 Natural Protected
Next is the Iroquois River, followed would increase emissions by 22
areas, a number of municipal
million tonnes, according to
aquifers and unceded Wabanaki by Green River, Quisibis River,
Grand River, Little River, Mill
a previous analysis from the
territory. There are the unique
Stream,
Tobique
River,
Salmon
Pembina Institute.
qualities of the products passing
by. Baaken crude is highly volatile River above Grand Lake, Canaan  Filling the Energy East pipeline
would help spur 650,000 to
and oilsands bitumen sinks. There River, and the Kennebecasis River
before
reaching
its
final
750,000 barrels per day of
are the risks to the Bay of Fundy.
destination at Saint John Harbor.
additional production from the
Tanker traffic creates noise
Any
spill
near
or
at
any
of
these
oil sands.
pollution damaging and disruptive
locations will make its way into the Despite numerous requests
to whales, including the
from interveners and members
endangered north Atlantic right main stem of the St. John River
and
down
to
the
Bay
of
Fundy.
Can
of the public, the NEB’s last
whale.” Matthew Abbott is the
we afford to take this roll of the
major pipeline review did not
Fundy Baykeeper for the
dice?
consider the environmental
Conservation Council of New
impacts of producing the crude
Brunswick and Stephanie Merrill is
that would flow in the pipeline.
the Director of the Freshwater
Protection Program. They can be
reached at
[email protected] ca
and
[email protected]
These are just some of the major
rivers and towns (plus all 6
Maliseet Communities) the
proposed Energy East pipeline
slated to run through
Page 3
guidelines for finfish. Mercury
Environmental
contamination of the speckled trout
Contaminants in samples analysed was almost
negligible and minimum and
Traditional Aboriginal maximum mercury levels were
estimated for trout samples from
Food
Tobique (mean=0.056 mg/kg,
administered through Department of
Fisheries and Oceans (DFO). During
the present study, MNCC has
attempted to present traditional
knowledge of Maliseet
elders/knowledge holders (gathered
during previous studies) about the
By Dr Aruna Jayawardane
SD=0.007 mg/kg) and St. Mary’s
biology and ecology of Atlantic
(mean=0.137mg/kg, SD=0.049
salmon and American eel. A few
mg/kg) respectively. Similarly
elders from Tobique, Kingsclear and
cadmium content of trout samples St. Mary’s were interviewed to
was well below the safe limit given in gather necessary knowledge to fill
the PRC guidelines for finfish (0.1
existing information gaps of the data.
mg/kg). Maximum and minimum
They provided valuable information
cadmium contents were reported for on biology, fishery and ecology of
samples from Tobique
salmon and eels in the St. John River.
(mean=0.013mg/kg, SD=0.025
Data collection is over now and map
mg/kg)
and
Madawaska
is being prepared at the moment.
MNCC has tested speckled trout and
(mean=0.0032mg/kg,
SD=0.0013
The GIS map will be ready by the end
deer samples from Maliseet First
mg/kg) respectively.
of March 2014 and as we did in
Nation communities for
The
deer
meat
and
liver
samples
previous years, products and reports
environmental contaminants.
collected
during
the
present
analysis
generated from this project will be
Seventy five speckled trout samples
stored in the traditional knowledge
received from all six Maliseet First were tested for the presence of
data repository at MNCC. The
Nation communities and nine deer heavy metals arsenic, cadmium,
mercury
and
lead
and
PCBs.
Neither
information gathered and presented
samples (meat) and two liver samples
the
deer
meat
nor
liver
tested
will be available ethically and
(all from Woodstock) were analysed
at Research and Productive Council contained measurable amounts of culturally appropriate manner for
recovery planning and conservation
(RPC) laboratory in Fredericton for PCBs, arsenic or mercury. On the
other
hand,
cadmium
and
lead
of above wildlife SAR.
contaminants. MNCC received
contents in deer samples tested were
funding for this program from the
Regional First Nations Environmental well within safe consumption levels,
Contaminants Program (RFNEC) of based on the Health Canada and
European Food Safety Authority
Health Canada. Except the trout
samples analyzed from Madawaska, (EFSA) guidelines. Estimated
rest contained high level of arsenic, cadmium content for deer meat and
liver were 0.0052 mg/kg (SD=0.0054
and not safe for consumption in
mg/kg) and 0.01 mg/kg (SD=0.0063
accordance with the People’s
mg/kg) respectively. Lead content of
Republic of China – PRC export
guidelines for finfish. The estimated the deer meat was 0.013 mg/kg
(SD=0.0058 mg/kg) and only one liver
arsenic content was lowest in the
tested contained measurable amount
samples from Madawaska
(mean=0.095 mg/kg, SD=0.05 mg/kg) of lead (0.01 mg/kg).
and highest in the samples collected Traditional knowledge study
from Oromocto (mean=0.73 mg/kg, The traditional knowledge project of
the current fiscal year was dedicated
SD=0.58 mg/kg).
to prepare a GIS map to present
On the other hand estimated
indigenous knowledge of Maliseets
mercury and cadmium levels for
about Species at Risk (SAR). This
trout samples analysed during the
present study were well within safe project was funded by the Aboriginal
limit with respect to the PRC export Fund for Species at Risk (AFSAR) and
Page 4

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