Developing and Presenting a Design Plan Just FACS Good Design Requires Planning • A good design plan is the starting point of designing the interior of a home. Steps in the Design Process • • • • • • • • • • Step 1: Identify the project Step 2: Assess the client characteristics Step 3: Analyze the environment Step 4: Develop a preliminary budget Step 5: Compile a design resource file Step 6: Plan use of space Step 7: Choose a style and color scheme Step 8: Select backgrounds, furniture, lighting, and accessories Step 9: Present the design Step 10: Implement the design. Step 1: Identify the Project • What is the change that needs to be made? • How much are you willing to spend? • How much time do you have to complete it? • What is the goal of the project? Step 2: Assess Client Characteristics • Match possibilities for room design with the habits, likes, needs and wants of the people who will use it. • Complete a family inventory – Lifestyles – Activities, entertaining preferences, hobbies and study and work – Preferred Atmosphere – Future Considerations (what are your future plans?) • Nonresidential inventories (universal design) Step 3: Analyze the Environment • The Environment Inventory – – – – – – – – Number of rooms Activity Zones Storage Areas Furniture and Accessories Condition of Backgrounds Electrical and Lighting Safety Traffic Flow • Consider Furniture Needs • Establish Priorities – Budget restrictions • Measure Space & Furniture – Creating scale drawings – ¼ in. =1 ft. Step 4: Develop a Preliminary Budget • Write down everything that needs to be purchased • Create price estimates based on the size of the room Step 5: Compile a Design Resource File • Take before photos of the area to be redesigned. • Find sources of ideas: – magazines – Furniture and accessory catalogs – Websites – Sunday newspapers – How to books • Organize by separating into categories: – – – – – – – – Furnishings Window treatments Floor coverings General for pictures Product brochures Wallpaper samples Paint samples Fabric samples Step 6: Plan Use of Space • A functional room arrangement is one in which the space meets the needs of its occupants. • Arranging space: – Review the purposes the room serves – Consider the features of the room itself – On your plan, outline the path people would use to walk through the room. Step 6 continued • A thoughtfully arranged room is functional and pleasing to look at. • Keep these factors in mind when designing: – Don’t overcrowd a room – Attempt to balance the room – Create a focal point by highlighting an interesting feature. – Use your imagination Room by Room • Living Rooms and Family rooms – Seating – Provide convenient surface for reading materials and refreshments. – Might include entertainment • Dining Areas – Allow room for chairs to move and people if there is a dining room Drawing Plans • Floor plans give a view from above • Elevations show a side view • Interior elevations show one wall as seen from the center of the room Computer-Aided Design (CAD) • CAD programs create views that seem as realistic as a photograph • They easily to be changed and allows designers to be more creative Step 7: Choose a Style &Color Scheme • Style-refers to the overall characteristics of design. – It might reflect a specific period of time, a region, or a designer. – It might also evoke a feeling such as formal, informal, or cozy. Types of Style • Colonial-very simplistic style. • Queen Anne-very formal style; often large with high ceilings. Use very luxurious fabrics. • Victoria-flamboyant and elaborate style; generally have carved wooden panels. • Modern-simple and unify technology with art; the focus is on horizontal line and monochromatic color schemes Step 8: Select Backgrounds, Furniture, Lighting and Accessories • Backgrounds-floors, walls, ceilings and windows. – Deciding which materials, colors, patterns and textures to use is part of the design process. – The goal is to make sure that backgrounds harmonize with the style. Step 9: Present the Design • Floor Plans • Elevations • Pictorial designs (which are pictures as if you were actually looking at the room) – One point perspective is looking at one wall – Two point perspective is looking at where two walls meet Types of Visual Representations • Sample Boards – Contains mounted samples of proposed wall coverings, floor coverings, fabrics, and window treatments. – Separate boards for each room • Computer presentations • Models: usually 3-D A Professional Presenation • Once all designs are complete the presentation must be made. • Oral presentations consist of: – Introduction – Discussion of the design – Summary • Finally presentation of the budget Step 10: Implement the Design • • • • Developing a time line Making purchases Scheduling installations Make sure to maintain frequent communication with the clients!