Complementing and Presenting a Design

Developing and Presenting
a Design Plan
Good Design Requires Planning
• A good design plan is the starting point of
designing the interior of a home.
Steps in the Design Process
Step 1: Identify the project
Step 2: Assess the client characteristics
Step 3: Analyze the environment
Step 4: Develop a preliminary budget
Step 5: Compile a design resource file
Step 6: Plan use of space
Step 7: Choose a style and color scheme
Step 8: Select backgrounds, furniture, lighting, and accessories
Step 9: Present the design
Step 10: Implement the design.
Step 1: Identify the Project
• What is the change that needs to be
• How much are you willing to spend?
• How much time do you have to complete
• What is the goal of the project?
Step 2: Assess Client Characteristics
• Match possibilities for room design with the
habits, likes, needs and wants of the people
who will use it.
• Complete a family inventory
– Lifestyles
– Activities, entertaining preferences, hobbies and
study and work
– Preferred Atmosphere
– Future Considerations (what are your future plans?)
• Nonresidential inventories (universal design)
Step 3: Analyze the
• The Environment
Number of rooms
Activity Zones
Storage Areas
Furniture and Accessories
Condition of Backgrounds
Electrical and Lighting
Traffic Flow
• Consider Furniture
• Establish Priorities
– Budget restrictions
• Measure Space &
– Creating scale
– ¼ in. =1 ft.
Step 4: Develop a Preliminary
• Write down everything that needs to be
• Create price estimates based on the size of
the room
Step 5: Compile a Design Resource File
• Take before photos of
the area to be
• Find sources of ideas:
– magazines
– Furniture and accessory
– Websites
– Sunday newspapers
– How to books
• Organize by
separating into
Window treatments
Floor coverings
General for pictures
Product brochures
Wallpaper samples
Paint samples
Fabric samples
Step 6: Plan Use of Space
• A functional room arrangement is one in
which the space meets the needs of its
• Arranging space:
– Review the purposes the room serves
– Consider the features of the room itself
– On your plan, outline the path people would
use to walk through the room.
Step 6 continued
• A thoughtfully arranged room is
functional and pleasing to look at.
• Keep these factors in mind when
– Don’t overcrowd a room
– Attempt to balance the room
– Create a focal point by highlighting an interesting
– Use your imagination
Room by Room
• Living Rooms and Family rooms
– Seating
– Provide convenient surface for reading
materials and refreshments.
– Might include entertainment
• Dining Areas
– Allow room for chairs to move and people if
there is a dining room
Drawing Plans
• Floor plans give a view from above
• Elevations show a side view
• Interior elevations show one wall as seen
from the center of the room
Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
• CAD programs create views that seem as
realistic as a photograph
• They easily to be changed and allows
designers to be more creative
Step 7: Choose a Style &Color
• Style-refers to the overall characteristics of
– It might reflect a specific period of time, a
region, or a designer.
– It might also evoke a feeling such as formal,
informal, or cozy.
Types of Style
• Colonial-very simplistic style.
• Queen Anne-very formal style; often large
with high ceilings. Use very luxurious fabrics.
• Victoria-flamboyant and elaborate style;
generally have carved wooden panels.
• Modern-simple and unify technology with art;
the focus is on horizontal line and
monochromatic color schemes
Step 8: Select Backgrounds, Furniture,
Lighting and Accessories
• Backgrounds-floors, walls, ceilings and
– Deciding which materials, colors, patterns and
textures to use is part of the design process.
– The goal is to make sure that backgrounds
harmonize with the style.
Step 9: Present the Design
• Floor Plans
• Elevations
• Pictorial designs (which
are pictures as if you
were actually looking at
the room)
– One point perspective is
looking at one wall
– Two point perspective is
looking at where two
walls meet
Types of Visual Representations
• Sample Boards
– Contains mounted samples of proposed wall
coverings, floor coverings, fabrics, and
window treatments.
– Separate boards for each room
• Computer presentations
• Models: usually 3-D
A Professional Presenation
• Once all designs are complete the
presentation must be made.
• Oral presentations consist of:
– Introduction
– Discussion of the design
– Summary
• Finally presentation of the budget
Step 10: Implement the Design
Developing a time line
Making purchases
Scheduling installations
Make sure to maintain
frequent communication
with the clients!

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