Anggota Gerak SC

Report
EXTREMITAS CAUDALIS
(HIND LIMB)
THE HIND LIMB HAVE FOUR
SEGMENTS :
CINGULUM MEMBRI
PELVINA (PELVIC
GIRDLE)
FEMURALIS (THIGH)
CRURIS (LEG)
PEDIS (PES)
OSSA COXARUM

THE OSSA COXARUM ARE COMPOSED OF THE OS COXAE
OF EACH SIDE, WHICH FORM A CARTILAGINOUS JOINT
ALONG THE MEDIAN LINE (PELVIC SYMPHYSIS).

THE PELVIC SYMPHYSIS, IN TURN, CONSISTS OF THE
PUBIC SYMPHISIS AND THE ISCHIATIC SYMPHYSIS.

THE COXAE CONSISTS PRIMARILY OF THREE PARTS,
*
OS ILEUM
*
OS ISCHIUM
*
OS PUBIS
ACETABULUM
PELVIS
ILEUM
il
is
p
ACETABULUM
PUBIS
FOR.OBT.
GAMBARAN UMUM PELVIS
PADA BEBERAPA SPESIES
Ileum
Pubis
Ischium
CAVUM PELVIS

OS COXAE + OS SACRUM + OS Cy I – III


VENTRAL = OS ISCHIUM + OS PUBIS
DORSAL = OS SACRUM + OS Cy I – III

LATERAL = OS ILEUM + OS ISCHIUM

PELVIS INLET (APPERTURA PELVIS
CRANIALIS)

PELVIS OUTLET (APPERTURA PELVIS
CAUDALIS)
OS ILEUM KUDA
CRISTA ILIACA
TUBER SACRUM
TUBER COXAE
CORPUS OSSIS ILEUM
INSERTIO TENDON
M. RECTUS FEMORIS
ALAE OSSIS ILEUM
OS ILEUM
INCISSURA
ISCHIADICA MAJOR
SPINA ISCHIADICA
INCISSURA
ISCHIADICA MINOR
OS ISCHIUM SAPI
(lateral view)
INC. ISC. MINOR
CORPUS
TABULA
TUBER
ISCHIADICUM
SYMPHISIS PELVIS
OS ISCHIUM SAPI
(medial view)
TUBER ISCHIADICUM
RAMUS OSSIS ISCHII
ARCHUS ISCHIADICUS
OS PUBIS KUDA (DORSAL)
OS PUBIS KUDA (DORSAL)
FACIES PELVINA
OS PUBIS KUDA (DORSAL)
EMINENTIA
ILIOPUBICUM
SULCUS
A/V/N OBTURATORIUS
ACETABULUM
FACIES LUNATA
FOSSA ACETABULARIS
FORAMEN OBTURATORIA
INCISSURA ACETABULARIS
OS FEMUR
Thigh bone, is the largest and most massive of the long
bones. It extends obliquely distally and craniad,
articulating with acetabulum proximally and the
tibia and patella distally.
The structure of the thigh bone, divided into 3 part :
1. Extremitas proximalis
2. Corpus ossis femoris
3. Extremitas distalis
EXTREMITAS PROXIMAL
OSSIS FEMUR
CORPUS OSSIS FEMUR
EXTREMITAS DISTAL
OSSIS FEMUR
PARS CAUDAL
TROCHANTER MAJOR
PARS CRANIAL
TROCHANTER MAJOR
CAPUT FEMUR
FOVEA CAPITIS
COLLUM FEMUR
FEMUR HORSE
(CAUDAL VIEW)
ONLY IN
HORSE
INCISSURA TROCHANTERICA
TMj
TMj
FT
FT
CI
TT
TMn
CORPUS FEMUR
TROCHANTER
TERTIUS
FOSSA SUPRACONDYLOIDEA
(FOSSA PLANTARIS)
EXTREMITAS DISTAL OS FEMUR
TROCHLEA
CONDYLUS
TUBERCULUM
TROCHLEARIS MEDIALIS
TUBERCULUM
TROCHLEARIS LATERALIS
*
*
CONDYLUS MEDIALIS
CONDYLUS LATERALIS
OS PATELLA (CRANIAL)
BASIS
MARGO
LATERAL
MARGO
MEDIAL
APEX
OS PATELLA (CAUDAL)
PROC. CARTILAGINOUS
OS TIBIA et FIBULA
EXT. PROX. TIBIA
OS FIBULA
CORPUS TIBIA
EXT. DISTAL TIBIA
EXTREMITAS PROXIMAL TIBIA
TUBEROSITAS
TIBIALIS
CONDYLUS
MEDIALIS
CONDYLUS
LATERALIS
EXTREMITAS PROXIMAL TIBIA
EMINENTIA
INTERCONDYLOIDEA
T.I.LAT.
T.I.MED.
STT
SE
TT
CL
CM
IP
TUBEROSITAS TIBIALIS
IMPRESIO A/V. TIBIALIS
CRISTA TIBIALIS
TUBERCULUM TIBIALIS
SULCUS TENDON
M. EXT. DIG. LATERALIS
CORPUS OS TIBIA
INCISSURA POPLITEA
SPATIUM INTEROSSEUS CRURIS
LINEA POPLITEA
LIGAMENTUM CRUCIATUM
CAUDALIS
EXTREMITAS DISTAL
OS TIBIA (COCHLEA TIBIA)
FOSSA
SYNOVIALIS
MALLEOLUS
MEDIALIS
MALLEOLUS
LATERALIS
FUSI TIBIA
& FIBULA
SULCUS ARTICULARIS
OSSA TARSUS
ANIMAL
∑
TALUS
CALCA
NEUS
CENTRALE
IV
III
HORSE
6
+
+
+
+
+
COW
RUMINA
NSIA
5
+
+
- FUSI -
PIG
7
+
+
+
DOG
7
+
+
+
II
I
- FUSI -
- FUSI -
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
VARIASI OSSA TARSUS
OS CALCANEUS
TUBER CALCIS
DORSAL VIEW
LATERAL VIEW
PLANTAR VIEW
DORSAL VIEW
FOSSA SYNOVIALIS
(SINUS TARSI)
SULCUS
CALCANEI
FACIES ARTICULARIS TALARES
TUBER CALCIS
PROCESSUS
CORACOIDEUS
LATERAL VIEW
SULCUS TENDON M. FLEXOR
DIGITI I HALLUCIS LONGUS
SUSTENTACULUM TALI
PLANTAR VIEW
OS TALUS
DORSAL VIEW
LATERAL VIEW
PLANTAR VIEW
DORSAL VIEW
TROCHLEA TALI
FACIES ARTICULARIS
NAVICULARIS
PLANTAR VIEW
FACIES ARTICULARIS
CALCANEI
FOSSA SYNOVIALIS
(SINUS TARSI)
OS METATARSAL
HORSE
COW
DORSAL VIEW
PLANTAR VIEW
PERBEDAAN MC - MT
METACARPAL
METATARSAL
PELVIC GIRDLE

OS SACRUM
AXIALIS

OSSA CAUDALIS

OSSA COXAE
OS FEMUR
OS TIBIA
OS FIBULA
OS PATELLA
 OSSA TARSAL
 OSSA METATARSAL
 OSSA PHALANX
 OSSA SESSAMOIDEA
PELVIS INLET

DORSAL = BASIS OSSIS SACRUM

LATERAL = LINEA ILIOPECTINEAL

VENTRAL = PECTEN OSSIS PUBIS
PELVIS INLET HAS TWO
PRINCIPAL DIAMETERS ;
 KONJUGATA ANATOMICA
(SACROPUBICUM) =
is measured from the sacral promontory to the
cranial end of the symphysis.
 TRANSVERSARIUM =
Is measured at the greatest width, i.e. just dorsal to
the psoas tubercle.
K
T
PELVIS OUTLET

DORSAL = OS VERT. Cy III

VENTRAL = ARCHUS ISCHIADICUS

In the fresh state, it is completed laterally by
the broad sacrotuberal ligament and the
semimembranosus muscle, thus enclosing the
perineum.
ALLAE OSSIS ILEUM

Its gluteal surface faces dorsolaterally and caudally. The wide part
is crossed by the curved gluteal line, which extends from the
middle of the medial border toward the coxal tuber. This surface
gives attachment to the glutei medius et profundus.

The sacropelvina surface faces in the opposite direction.

The iliac surface is roughned for ligamentous attachment and bears
an irregular facet, the auricular surface, for articulation with the
sacrum.
TUBER SACRUM
THE STRUCTURE AT THE
CARNIVORA IS MORE
PROMINENCE, WHICH CALLED
SPINA ILIACA DORSALIS.
OCCASIONALLY, ITS STRUCTURE
HAVE TWO PROMINENCE
PECTEN OSSIS PUBIS
PECTEN OSSIS PUBIS
The cranial border of the pubis.
Laterally it bears the rough iliopubicum eminence.
Near the symphysis is a variable porminance,
the ventral pubicum tubercle.
EMINENTIA ILIOPUBICUM
LATERAL PECTEN OSSIS PUBICUM
CONTINUED WITH
LINEA ILIOPECTINEAL
TUBERCULUM PUBICUM DORSALIS
JANTAN (+)
BETINA (-)
TUBERCULUM PUBICUM VENTRALIS
JANTAN (+)
BETINA (+)
The acetabulum is a cotyloid cavity which lodges the head of the
femur.
It faces ventrolaterally and consist of an articular and a nonarticular part.
The articular part (facies lunata) is crescentic and is cut into
internally by a rough non articular depression, the acetabular
fossa.
The medial part of the rim is correspondingly cut into a foramen
by the transverse acetabular ligament in the fresh state and
transmite the accessory ligament and the ligament to the head of
the femur.
THE SITE OF UNITED TWO BONES :
1. OS ISCHIUM
2. OS PUBIS
OS PUBIS HORSE
(DORSAL)
CORPUS FEMUR

FACIES CRANIALIS, LATERALIS
ET MEDIALIS CLOSED BY
QUADRICEPS FEMORIS MUSCLE

FACIES CAUDALIS CLOSED BY
ADDUCTOR MUSCLE
TROCHANTER TERTIUS POSITION AT LATERAL
&
ONLY AT THE FEMUR HORSE
NOT OTHER ANIMALS
MARGINAL RIDGE OF THE FOSSA
SUPRACONDYLOIDEA IS CALLED
CRISTA SUPRACONDYLOIDEA LATERALIS
&
THIS STRUCTURE DOES NOT
FIND AT THE DOG AND PIG
FOSSA OF THE POPLITEAL MUSCLE
FOSSA EXTENSORIA,
THE SITE FOR ATTACH THE TENDON OF:
1. EXTENSOR DIGITORUM LONGUM MUSCLE
2. PERONEUS TERTIUS MUSCLE
•The synonim is cartilago patellaris
• Cartilago patelllaris of the
carnivora find at the lateral, called
cartilago patellaris lateralis or
fibrocartilago parapatellaris and the
medial , called cartilago patellaris
medialis
EMINENTIA
INTERCONDYLOIDEA
THE SYNONIME IS SPINA TIBIALIS


ITS STRUCTURE CONSISTS OF
TUBERCULUM INTERCONDYLOIDEA
LATERALIS ET MEDIALIS



ITS NOT ARTICULATES AREA
THE MENISCUS ATTACHED AT THIS SITE
THE CRANIAL & CAUDAL AREA OF THE
SPINA CALLED FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA
FOSSA
INTERCONDYLOIDEA
CRANIALIS
FOSSA
INTERCONDYLOIDEA
CENTRALIS
FOSSA
INTERCONDYLOIDEA
CAUDALIS
CONDYLUS LATERALIS

BIGGER THAN CONDYLUS MEDIALIS, SQUARE,
SOMEWHAT SHADLE-SHAPED AT SURFACE

ITS HAS AN OVERHANGING LATERAL MARGIN,
CALLED MARGO INFRAGLENOIDALES, DISTAL TO
WHICH THERE IS A FACET FOR ARTICULATION
WITH THE HEAD OF FIBULA

AT THE SURFACE FIND A GROOVE FOR ATTACHED
THE TENDON OF POPLITEAL MUSCLE

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