パキスタン都市部の 障害者職業訓練所の改善

Report
Intellectually Disability
& What is EMPOWERMENT
A STAR Project
Sab se Pehle…
Verbal Abuse for intellectual disablity
Verb
1st prize
Pagal
2nd prize
Mental
3rd prize
Challa
Special
?
No.(%)
1,526
(61%)
302 (12%)
197 ( 8%)
?
Nobody knows what is intellectual disability…
Who is intellectually Challenged?
Normal
?
No. of Persons
Slow
learner?
Samaji
Is it
Right?
dar?
Mental
Chalak?
Retarded?
Wrong!!
Insane?
Chatra?
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Score of …
Definition of Intellectual Disabilities
Intellectual disability is a disability
characterized by significant limitations
both in intellectual functioning
and in adaptive behavior,
which covers many everyday social and
practical skills.
This disability originates before the age of 18.
Then, who is Intellectually Challenged?
Normal?
No. of Persons
Is it
Right?
Special
Needs?
Moderate
severe?
Just
an
index!
Severe?
0
50
100
IQ
50
Adaptive Behavior
- Conceptual skills
language and literacy; money, time, and number
concepts; and self-direction.
- Social skills
interpersonal skills, social responsibility, self-esteem,
gullibility, naivete (i.e., wariness), social problem
solving, and the ability to follow rules/obey laws and
to avoid being victimized.
- Practical skills
activities of daily living (personal care), occupational
skills, healthcare, travel/transportation,
schedules/routines, safety, use of money, use of the
telephone.
Reasons of intellectual disability
- The reason is clear only for 25 % of total
population with intellectual disability…
- There are mainly three factors,
Physiologic, Pathologic and Environment.
Hereditary disease, Chromosome aberration, Mulnutrition, …
Virus, Drug/Alcohol etc give effect to the growth of the baby in pregnancy…
Domestic violence, Sexual abuse, …
“What is it?”
-What is disability?
-What is special ?
-What is normal ?
-What is Social Participation ?
-What is Inclusive Education ?
-What is Empowerment?
What is Empowerment ?
I have
a dream!
What is Empowerment ?
- Basic capabilities
To get information on education, rehabilitation, prevention, health care, medical service
To get adequate nutrition
To move freely and act at one’s will
- Socio-Cultural capabilities
To have dignity as human beings and social status
To be a member of society
To have residents in the community
Project include
100 %
Project include 60%
Project include 30%
- Economic capabilities
To earn the necessary revenue for living
- Political capabilities
To participate in political related activity (Decision making process)
- Risk management capabilities
To protect oneself from food shortages, sickness, disaster, crime, war and conflict, etc
Thank you!
I like workshop! : Group discussion, Special Education Centre, ABT

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