The Gems of Caregiving - Home Instead Senior Care

Report
Caregiving Gems
Teepa Snow, MS, OTR/L,
FAOTA
Beliefs
• People with Dementia are Doing the BEST
they can
• We must learn to DANCE with our partner
• We are a KEY to make life WORTH living
• What we choose to do MATTERS
• We can change the WORLD with help
• We must be willing to CHANGE ourselves
• We must be willing to STOP & BACK OFF
How Can We Become Better
Care Partners?
Let go of the past to be in the MOMENT
Go with their FLOW
Be willing to try something new
Be willing to learn something different
Be willing to see it through another’s eyes
Be willing to fail & try again
Caring for Someone with
Dementia…
What Works BEST?
The Basics for Success…
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Be a Detective NOT a Judge
Look, Listen, Offer, Think…
Use Your Approach as a Screening Tool
Always use this sequence for CUES
– Visual - Show
– Verbal - Tell
– Physical – Touch
• Match your help to remaining abilities
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
Alzheimer’s Disease vs. Normal Brains
Normal
Late
Alzheimer’s
Child
Normal Brain
Alzheimers Brain
Learning &
Memory
Center
Hippocampus
BIG CHANGE
Understanding Language – BIG CHANGE
Hearing Sound – Not Changed
Sensory Strip
Motor Strip
White Matter
Connections
BIG CHANGES
Automatic Speech
Rhythm – Music
Expletives
PRESERVED
Formal Speech &
Language
Center
HUGE CHANGES
Executive
Control Center
Emotions
Behavior
Judgment
Reasoning
Vision Center – BIG CHANGES
Some Basic Skills
• Positive Physical Approach
• Supportive Communication
• Consistent & Skill Sensitive Cues
– Visual, verbal, physical
• Hand Under Hand
– for connection
– for assistance
• Open and Willing Heart, Head & Hands
First Connect – Then Do
• 1st – Visually
• 2nd – Verbally
• 3rd – Physically
• 4th – Emotionally
• 5th – Spiritually - Individually
To Connect
Start with the
Positive Physical Approach
Your Approach
• Use a consistent positive physical
approach
– pause at edge of public space
– gesture & greet by name
– offer your hand & make eye contact
– approach slowly within visual range
– shake hands & maintain hand-under-hand
– move to the side
– get to eye level & respect personal space
– wait for acknowledgement
A Positive Approach
(To the Tune of Amazing Grace)
Come from the front
Go slow
Get to the side,
Get low
Offer your hand
Call out the name then WAIT…
If you will try, then you will see
How different life can be.
For those you’re caring for!
Supportive Communication
• Make a connection
– Offer your name – ”I’m (NAME) ”… “and
you are…”
– Offer a shared background – “I’m from
(place) …and you’re from…”
– Offer a positive personal comment – “You
look great in that ….” or “I love that color
on you…”
Support to ‘Get it GOING!’
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Give SIMPLE & Short Info
Offer concrete CHOICES
Ask for HELP
Ask the person to TRY
Break the TASK DOWN to single steps
at a time
Give SIMPLE INFO
• USE VISUAL combined VERBAL
(gesture/point)
– “It’s about time for… “
– “Let’s go this way…”
– “Here are your socks…”
• DON’T ask questions you DON’T want to hear
the answer to…
• Acknowledge the response/reaction to your
info…
• LIMIT your words – Keep it SIMPLE
• WAIT!!!!
Now for the GEMS…
Diamonds
Emeralds
Ambers
Rubies
Pearls
Diamonds
Still Clear
Sharp - Can Cut
Hard - Rigid - Inflexible
Many Facets
Can Really Shine
Diamonds
• Know Who’s in Charge – Respect Authority
• Can do OLD habits & routines
• Become more territorial OR less aware of
boundaries
• Like the familiar – FIGHT CHANGE
• Can pull it together to make you look bad
• Know how to push your buttons
• Want to keep roles the same
• Tell the same stories ask the same ?s
Emeralds
Changing color
Not as Clear or Sharp - Vague
Good to Go – Need to ‘DO’
Flaws are Hidden
Time Traveling
Emeralds
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Think they are FINE
Get emotional quickly
Make mistakes – don’t realize it
Do over and over OR Skip completely
Ask – “What? Where? When?”
Like choices
Get lost in past life, past places, past roles
Need help, DON’T know it or like it!
Ambers
Amber Alert
Caution!
Caught in a moment
All about Sensation
Explorers
Ambers
• Get into stuff
• Fiddle, mess, touch, taste, dig, tear,
fold…..
• Move toward action and noise OR away
• Sensory tolerance
• Sensory need
• Mouth, fingers, feet, genitalia
• Can’t figure it out… react physically
Rubies
Hidden Depths
Red Light on Fine Motor
Comprehension & Speech Halt
Coordination Falters
Wake-Sleep Patterns are Gone
Rubies
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Fine motor stops
Hard to stop and hard to get going
Limited visual awareness
One direction – forward only
Can’t figure out details – but do copy us
SLOW to change
On the go or full stop
Use music and rhythm
Pearls
Hidden in a Shell
Still & Quiet
Easily Lost
Beautiful - Layered
Unable to Move – Hard to Connect
Primitive Reflexes on the Outside
Pearls
• Can’t move
• Not aware of the world around – most
of the time
• Problems swallowing
• Hard to get connected
• How we touch and help matters
• SLOW!!!!
• Varies a LOT

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