America Becomes A Colonial Power

Report
Presentation by Dr. J Brink
What is imperialism?
1. Commercial/Business
Interests(economic reasons)
U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908
1. Commercial/Business
Interests
What did they gain:
1.
2.
3.
American Foreign Trade:
1870-1914
2. Military/Strategic Interests
What did
the
United
States
need for
its navy?
Alfred T. Mahan  The Influence of Sea
Power on History: 1660-1783
3.Social Darwinist Thinking
(ideological)
The Hierarchy
of Race
The White Man’s
Burden
The belief in ____________
______________
Frederick Jackson Turner
U.S. census
of 1890
declares
the frontier
closed
The Significance of the Frontier
in American Society (1893)
4. Religious/Missionary Interests
American
Missionaries
in China, 1905
Responsibility of civilized people
to ________ natives to their
beliefs and spread their ______
Why America became
IMPERIALISTIC?
• 1.
• 2.
• 3.
• Believe it was their destiny to expand
westward, called ___________ ________.
Causes of Imperialism
1803
Louisiana
Purchase
1845
Texan
Annexation
1848
Mexican Cession
1867
Alaskan
Purchase
Manifest Destiny  “New Frontier”
Commodore Matthew Perry
Opens Up Japan: 1853
The Japanese View
of Commodore
Perry
Treaty of Kanagawa: 1854
“Seward’s Folly”: 1867
$7.2 million
“Seward’s Icebox”: 1867
U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii
British
explorer,
________
________
explored the
islands in
_____.
Who united the
eight major
islands.
Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s
American missionaries came to convert Hawaiians.
U. S. View of Hawaiians
US increases
control because of
the sugarcane/
economic
interests.
Hawaii becomes a U. S. Protectorate in 1849
by virtue of economic treaties.
King Kalakaua
•
•
•
•
Negotiated treaty with US in 1875
Sugar enters US tax free
Hawaiian sugar industry booms
Rich planters (white’s) want more
control of Hawaii.
• _________ _________ formed to
overthrow the monarchy/establish a
democracy
• _________ constitution –
• 1890 sugar treaty revoked by US
Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani
Hawaii for the
Hawaiians!
Becomes queen in 1891.
U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii
1875 – Reciprocity
Treaty
1890 – McKinley Tariff
1893 – American
businessmen backed an
uprising against Queen
Liliuokalani.(John L.
Stevens sends troops)
Sanford Ballard Dole
proclaims the Republic
of Hawaii in 1894.
To The Victor Belongs the Spoils
President Cleveland wants to
restore Liliukalani to the throne.
Dole refuses to step down.
Hawaiian
Annexation
Ceremony, 1898
(McKinley now
the President)

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