台灣民間網路社群參與 國際網路運作機制(ICANN At

Report
台灣民間網路社群參與
國際網路運作機制(ICANN At-Large)
座談會
18-Dec-2003
財團法人台灣網路資訊中心
議程
0930~0940
主持人致詞--TWNIC陳文生執行長
0940~1000
專題報告--ICANN At-Large的過去, 現在, 與未來(TWNIC 喬敬研究員)
1010~1100
討論
1. 我國有哪些單位/個人有能力來積極參與ICANN At-Large事務?
2. 如何長期地推動台灣參與ICANN At-Large相關事務 (如參與經費來
源, 人員, 誘因等)?
3. 政府, 學術界應扮演何種角色, 來協助台灣ICANN At-Large事務的推
動?
4. 研擬後續具體可行的行動方案.
專題報告
ICANN At-Large的過去, 現在, 與未來
By TWNIC 喬敬
[email protected]
Brief History of Internet
• 1960’s—ARPANET by DoD
• 1970’s—TCP/IP ; Email
• 1980’s—Domain Name System; IANA;
NSFNET
• 1990’s—ISOC; Network Solutions; Taiwan
與 NSFNET連線
• 1998—ICANN (Contractual Relationship with DoC)
Detail at http://www.zakon.org/robert/internet/timeline/HIT-big5.html
Internet Corporation for
Assigned Names and Numbers
(ICANN)
• The Public-Private partnership of Internet
coordinating/governing body
–
–
–
–
–
gTLD / ccTLD managers
IP Address Allocation
ISP
Government
General Internet users
~ Getting CONSENSUS in the distributed system~
Issues around the world
•
•
•
•
•
•
Root server management
gTLD / ccTLD management
Domain name dispute
Internationalized domain name
Mechanism for Internet regulation
…..
Do “YOU” care about these issues?
At-Large Internet Users
• Who should represent “users”
• How does user understand “issues”
• Diversity of language, self-internet, level of
regional development, etc
• Democracy of the Internet
~The Internet Bottom-Up Spirit~
ICANN At-Large Before 2003
• Membership Mechanism (members.icann.org)
Total Activated At Large Members: 76,183 (Date: 10/10/2000): Africa
(315), Asia and Pacific(38,246), Europe(23,442), Latin America and the
Caribbean(3,548), North America(10,632)
• Seats on ICANN Board: 5 (Election held in 2000)
• At-Large Study Group (2001~2002)
– Prof. C.Y. Liu is one of the member
– Part of ICANN 2002~2003 reform project
– www.atlargestudy.org
Before 2003
ICANN At-Large After 2003
• Interim At-Large Advisory Committee
– 10 appointed by ICANN Board
– 5 appointed by ICANN NomCom
• Appoints liaisons to ICANN’s Board and
policy development groups
• Appoints 5 delegates to ICANN’s
Nominating Committee, which selects
most of ICANN’s Board members and fills
other key positions.
After 2003
At Large Advisory Committee (ALAC)
• Mission: ALAC is responsible for working
with the At-Large community to provide
advice on the activities of ICANN as they
relate to the interests of individual Internet
users.
ALAC – Interim Committee
• An Interim ALAC was appointed by ICANN’s Board
and Nominating Committee in 2003 to help with AtLarge organizing and to provide a user perspective
on pending issues:
• Africa: Pierre Dandjinou (Benin); Clement Dzidonu (Ghana); and
Sunday Folayan (Nigeria)
• Asia/Pacific: Izumi Aizu (Japan); Xue Hong (China); and Toshifumi
(Tommy) Matsumoto (Japan)
• Europe: Vittorio Bertola (Italy); Thomas Roessler (Germany); and
Roberto Gaetano (Italy)
• Latin America/Caribbean: Erick Iriarte Ahon (Peru); Sebastián J.
Ricciardi (Argentina); and Tadao Takahashi (Brazil)
• North America: Esther Dyson (U.S.A.); Wendy Seltzer (U.S.A.);
and Kenneth Hamma (U.S.A.)
ALAC – At-Large Framework
• Underpinning the ALAC will be a network of selforganizing, self-supporting At-Large Structures
throughout the world involving individual Internet
users at the local or issue level.
• Eventually, these At-Large Structures will selforganize into five Regional At-Large
Organizations (one in each ICANN region – Africa,
Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America/Caribbean,
and North America).
ALAC – Element of ICANN Reform
• ICANN’s Board established the ALAC and
authorized its supporting At-Large network as
part of ICANN’s 2002 reform process.
• On 26 June 2003, the Board approved the
ALAC's framework for the formation of local and
regional At-Large groups, launching community
self-organizing for structured At-Large
participation.
ICANN AT-LARGE
ALS
ALS
ALS
ALS
ALS
ALS
ALS
ALS
ALS*
RALO*
ALS
RALO
*ALS = AT-LARGE STRUCTURE
*RALO = REGIONAL AT-LARGE
ORGANIZATION
ALS
ALS
RALO
At-Large Advisory
Committee
ICANN
ALS
ALS
ALS
RALO
RALO
ALAC – At-Large Structures (ALS)
• Groups throughout the world that deal with
individual Internet users' interests are
encouraged to register and participate in ICANN
by submitting a simple application form
(available at http://alac.icann.org).
– Groups that meet the minimum requirements
/criteria will be designated as "At-Large
Structures."
– At-Large Structures can be existing
organizations or newly formed for this
purpose.
Regional At-Large Organizations
• When several At-Large Structures have been
designated in a region, these groups can work
together to establish a Regional At-Large
Organization (RALO).
• The RALOs will manage outreach and public
involvement, serving as the main forum and
coordination point in each region for public input
to ICANN.
• The RALOs will be responsible for appointing a
majority of the At-Large Advisory Committee
(each RALO appoints 2 members).
Why become an At-Large Structure?
• By being designated an At-Large Structure, groups
have:
– A recognized role in forming the policies that affect how
individuals' use the Internet;
– Quick and easy access to first-hand information on
what's happening in ICANN/why it matters to end-users;
– Opportunities to provide their members education on
ICANN's work and Internet developments;
– An opportunity to participate in building their region's AtLarge organization (RALO), and opportunities to
network with other groups in their country/region;
Why become an At-Large Structure?
• (continued) At-Large Structures have:
– Representation in ICANN at the regional and
international level,
– Opportunities for their members to serve on important
regional and international decision-making bodies in
ICANN;
– Access to free web hosting and other Internet-based
mechanisms to support their group's work;
– Opportunities for funding to support select activities
(ALAC is applying for grant funding).
What type of groups can be ALS?
• Any group that supports individuals' ability to
share their views on ICANN issues, and meets the
few simple criteria listed on the ALAC's website,
can apply to be an At-Large Structure
• Types of groups that have expressed interest in
being designated an ALS include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Professional societies (e.g. engineers, attorneys, etc.)
Academic and research organizations
Community networking groups
Consumer advocacy groups
Internet Society chapters
Computer user organizations
Internet civil society groups
At-Large Structure Applications
8 At-Large Structure approved applications to date:
• Africa
– Sudan Internet Society
– University of Ghana
– Anais.AC
• Asia/Pacific
– Arab Knowledge Management Society (AKMS)
• Europe
– Förderverein Informationstechnik und Gesellschaft (FITUG)
e.V
– ISOC Italy
– ISOC Luxemburg
• Latin America/Carribean Islands
– Alf-Redi (13 October 2003)
RALO Status
• AF RALO- Dec. 2004
• EU RALO- ICANN Rome / KL
• AP RALO
– APNG At-Large Committee as the regional forum
» Asia Pacific Networking Group (APNG), chaired
by Tommy Matsumoto
» 2 Major and 3 Sub Committees: Steering and
Activity (Camp, Internet History, At-Large)
– AP At-Large Workshop in Carthage
– Local Reports from China, Taiwan, and Japan
– Need more input and participation
Minimum Criteria for ALS
1. Commit to supporting individual Internet users' informed
participation in ICANN by distributing to individual
constituents/members information on relevant ICANN
activities and issues…
2. Have a majority of members who are citizens or residents
of countries within the ALS’ Geographic Region.
3. Be self-supporting (not rely on ICANN for funding).
4. Post on the Internet (on the ALAC's website or elsewhere)
publicly-accessible, current information about the ALS.
5. Assist the RALO in performing its function.
ALAC – Be a part of At-Large
• ALAC/At-Large: Enabling meaningful, informed
participation in ICANN by individual Internet users.
– Public comment is encouraged in the open ALAC forum:
http://forum.icann.org/alac-forum/ (which highlights hot
issues and encourages people to exchange views).
– To participate/post comments, send email to:
[email protected]
• To get more information:
– Send an email to [email protected]
– Or go to the ALAC website:http://alac.icann.org/
– Contact [email protected]
ICANN and Taiwan
• “.tw” has sponsorship agreement w/
ICANN
• Representatives to ccTLD, GAC, ASO
• Taiwan’s remarkable role in global IT
industry
• One of the most active international, nonUN organizations we can all participate
Thank You

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