What’s the difference between Arguing and Persuading? • Argument seeks to win over an audience by appealing to reason • Persuasion, on the other hand, works by appealing to an audience’s emotions, feelings, prejudices, and beliefs » The Prentice Hall Reader Ch. 9 Argument notes • An argument has multiple perspectives, but not necessarily pros & cons. • You can be for or against, but you need to know what you benefit from it. Essays Require Topic - the topic is a noun Cohesion – the connection between reading, writing, and thinking Unity – one central idea Thesis • When you want to argue or persuade, you start with a thesis – something you want to convince others of The Five Part Thesis • • • • • Qualifier: Topic Universal Idea Directions/Reasons Claim Qualifier • A Qualifier (subordinating conjunction) (Although, Since, Even though, while, etc…) A Qualifier “qualifies” or acknowledges the other side of the argument. Remember that the qualifier begins with a subordinating conjunction; it is a subordinate clause; it may acknowledge the other side of the argument, but it is subordinate to the independent clause which contains the main idea. Topic • The Topic is always a noun – something you can touch Examples: • Cell phones in schools • School uniforms • Compulsory voting Universal Idea • The Universal Idea is always an abstract noun (you can’t touch this). Abstract nouns include things like: • democracy, freedom, equality, love, hope, justice etc… • The Universal Idea Creates UNITY Claim • The Claim is a verb (illustrates, demonstrates, reveals etc. NO “Be verbs allowed! • It must be arguable Direction • Direction is the reason for where we are going in the essay. • Examples • Evidence • You data will support the claim of the direction. • Directions are the basis for your claim. The difference in scores when using universal idea in your thesis and not using one • 9 • 8 ____________ 5 Figurative • 7 • 6 ____________ 4 • 5 ____________ 3 __________________________________ • 4 • 3 ____________ 2 • 2 • 1 Literal 5 Part Thesis Cell Phones Label the 5 parts of this thesis! Although cell phones have allowed us to be basically continuously connected to the world, they have greatly diminished the amount of respect we have for one another by invading our privacy, desensitizing our emotions, and causing disruptions in inappropriate settings thus making us an inconsiderate society.