Back Safety for the Pest Control Technician

Report
Body Mechanics for the Pest
Control Technician
And anyone else, for that matter
Why Do We Work?
To earn a living
Money to enjoy life
outside of work
Hobbies, family,
vacations, homes,
cars, boats, etc.
If we become
injured at work, we
have defeated our
purpose
Better Decisions
Our Agenda
Mechanics
How our body works/anatomy
Technique
Keeping neutral postures and avoiding injury
Work examples
Stretches
Self care
Training plan and tools for you
Mechanics to apply to the
various tasks they encounter
Techniques for
preventing sprains
and strains
Knowledge to make better
decisions on how to lift or
move anything
The spine
Jelly donut
Mechanics
The spine
Jelly donut
Mechanics
Lazy “S”
Cervical
Thoracic
Lumbar
1. Cervical (C-1 to C-7) - Seven vertebrae in the
neck support and move the head.
2. Thoracic (T-1 to T-12) - Twelve vertebrae in
the chest/upper back area support the shoulders
and upper body.
3. Lumbar (L-1 to L-5) - Five vertebrae in the
low back support most of the body weight so
they are the largest and strongest of all
vertebrae.
4. Sacrum - Triangular structure of the five
attached vertebrae. They form the base of the
vertebral column.
5. Coccyx (tailbone) - Four attached vertebrae.
The spine
Jelly donut
Mechanics
Lazy “S”
Cervical
Thoracic
Lumbar
Wide “C”
Force/load
Twist/turn
Neutral Postures
That position in which a body part works
the most efficiently, is the strongest,
and is the least likely to be injured.
Wrist
Spine
Shoulder
Knee
Our Acronym for
Technique
B Bring it close
A Always pivot
C Check your load/plan your move
K Keep chin up and chest out
Bring it Close
Bring the load as
close to your center
of gravity as possible
Move IT toward you
or you toward IT
before handling the
weight
Use your “GREEN ZONE”
Legend
• 23” or greater
• 16-23”
• Up to 16”

Green Zone
Always Pivot
Move your feet
Avoid loading the
spine and twisting
Avoid reaching out
of neutral posture
and twisting
Think basketball,
golf, and skating
Check your load
Bump it
Weight
Stability
Plan your route
Visualize the
move
Plan the
placement
Keep Chin Up
and Chest Out
•Keep your chin up and chest out when:
•Lifting
•Pushing/Pulling
•Standing/Sitting
•Neutral spine – Lazy “S”
•Keep the Curves
•Strongest
•Most efficient
Handling Techniques
break down tasks
Crouch lift with knee assist
Roll the item into the
“GREEN ZONE”
Assisted one-hand lift
Golf lift
Handling
Techniques
Basic lift from
floor or ground
level to higher
level
Handling Techniques
Store or keep items at
“GREEN ZONE” height
whenever possible
Organize your truck or
supply room so the
heaviest items are most
easily accessed at waist
level or near the side of
the truck bed
Talk About Work
Examples
Attic access
Crawl space access
Truck access
Driving
Lift/Push/Pull
Reverse postures
30/30 Ergo Stretch
For every 30 minutes of a sustained posture or
repetitive motion, reverse that action for 30
seconds.
Foot up
Wall crouch
Hamstring
Upper extremity
Check condition
Warm muscles
Post drive/pre work
review
Before You
Begin
Hamstrings
Upper extremity
Reverse bend low back
Self-Care
A =Anti-inflammatory
I = Ice
M= Movement
Field Observations
Technician Body Mechanics Observation Checklist
Observant of surroundings
YES
NO
slip/trip/fall hazards
stairs/ladders/attics/crawl spaces
Uses proper material handling techniques when
lifting/pushing/pulling/reaching
Brings the load close or gets close to the load
Always pivots or moves feet/ no twisting of loaded spine
Checks the load and the move or lift prior to initiating
Keeps the chin up and chest out for a neutral spine/"S" curve
Technician name:
Observer Name:
Comments or Coaching specific to observation:
Date of Observation:
Training plan
Make it your own
Train your classroom
trainer
Train your field
observers
Incorporate into new
hire training plan
Train existing
employees
Reinforce at regular
intervals
CD
Presentation
Speakers notes
Extras on stretching
Extras on lifting
Posters
Other Tools
Safe
Lifting
Techniques
PestSure University
12 minute Safety
Back Safety
Source Video
Back Injury Prevention Preventing Slips, Trips,
9 minute Safety Source & Falls 10 minute
Video
Safety Source Video
Slips and Falls
PestSure University
5 minute Safety Source
Slips, Trips and Falls
Video
RULES TO STRETCH BY
•Warm up first: warm muscles, tendons, and ligaments are more
flexible and stretch more easily; stretching cold muscles can
cause tears.
•Stretches should always be gradual and gentle.
•Hold each stretch in a static position for 10 to 20 seconds,
allowing the muscle to lengthen slowly.
•Do not bounce; bouncing actually causes muscle fibers to
shorten, not lengthen.
Stretch only to the point of resistance; if the stretch hurts, you´re
pushing too hard.
•Don´t rush through the stretching routine; use it to prepare
yourself mentally and physically for activity.
Upper
Extremity
Stretch
Hamstring Stretch
1.Place heel of leg being stretched on box or bench that is approximately knee
height (can also be performed with the heel on the floor).
2.Make sure hips are kept square (ie facing forwards not twisted to the side)
3.Keep stretched leg as straight as possible and lean forwards from the hip with
buttocks out and back straight
4.Do not hunch your back or slouch forward
5.Get to the point of a mild stretch and hold
6.Repeat for each leg
Back Stretch
•Stand up and place your hands on your hips toward the small of your
back
•Slowly lean back as far as you can, tilting your head to gently stretch
your neck
•Be sure to support your back with your hands and arms!
•Return to normal position
Lifting Safely
The best path to a healthy back is to control your weight, exercise, and reduce back
stress caused by lifting or poor posture.
Excessive upper body weight—for example, potbellies—contributes to poor back
posture and back pain because of the added stress placed on the components of the
back. A regular exercise program that includes flexibility and strengthening exercises
can help prevent injury or re-injury to your back. Consult your healthcare provider
before starting an exercise program.
Improper lifting is the most common way to injure your back. However, back injuries
usually are not caused by one incorrect lift. They are caused by years of lifting
incorrectly.
Two of the most common lifting mistakes are bending at the waist instead of the knees
and holding the load too far out in front of you. Before making any lift, test the load by
pushing the object lightly with your hands or feet to determine the approximate weight
of the object. Use your leg muscles instead of your back muscles. Do not twist during
the lift.
The proper technique for lifting is to:
•place your feet apart with one foot slightly forward for stability
•bend at the knees—not waist—while keeping your back as straight as possible
•stand as close to the load as possible and grip it firmly
•tighten your abdominal muscles as soon as you lift to support your spine.
When you reach for an object, be sure to maintain good posture. If an object is beyond
arm's length or is overhead, do not strain to grasp it. Rather, stand on a solid platform,
such as a step stool or ladder, with your feet flat and slightly apart so the load is even
with your shoulders. To limit strain and reduce your chances of pulling a muscle, slide
the object close to your body.
Props for Training
Gallon jugs of water
Boxes and bags of items they use
Positive reinforcement rewards (candy)
Photo’s of your work situations
Handouts
Stretches and proper technique
Field Observation Form

similar documents