Overview - Bodega Marine Lab

Report
How To Give A
Scientific Seminar
Michelle Chow
Ocean Discovery!
Sebastopol, CA
Overview
• Verbal and Nonverbal Communication
• “How To” on Project Presentations
Nonverbal Communication
“body movement and expression”
• Face audience
• Make eye contact
• Appropriate facial expressions
• Body movement (pacing, swaying)
• Dress appropriately
Verbal Communication
• Speak at a reasonable pace
• Intonation (tone of voice, use of voice)
• Pause when needed
• Avoid excessive use of “um” or “like”
or “so”
Suggestions for Practicing
• Practice at least three times!!!
• Get feedback from your peers.
• Before you start to speak take a few
seconds to organize your thoughts,
notes and equipment.
Appearance of your slides
“You want people to focus
on your message”
• Use a simple design for your slides. This is a
professional seminar.
• Text must not fade into background.
• Choose an appropriate font that can be read
from the back of the room.
• Size 32 – 36 for bulleted text
• Size 44 – 48 for titles
• Each slides does not need to have a title.
Especially if a title is redundant or obvious.
• Spread bullets apart to avoid reader’s brain
overload.
• Paragraph—spacing—6-12 pt after paragraph.
• Pictures and graphs should take up the whole
slide. Axes text and statistics hard to read
from back of room.
6
Male
Female
80
4
60
3
40
2
20
1
0
0
Treatment 1
Treatment 2
Treatments
Female Response
Male Response
5
100
Michelle’s Don’t List
• Clip art when not appropriately used (which
is most of the time).
• Slides and lines that zip in and out of space.
Please have all your text on the slide at the
same time.
• All slides should transition appropriately (use
no transition or fade at fast speed)
• No music, unless you are studying dolphins
and are recording their mating calls.
Planning the package
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•
Know your audience
Define terms
Provide an overview if complex
Integrate text and images
–
–
–
–
map of study area, distribution
understand overall idea/theory/topic
images of organism/scientific name
repeat the question if necessary
Planning the package
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clear purpose/logical sequence
Consistency in style and language
Bulleted information
Prompts for speaker and audience
Time yourself: 1 frame /minute
Leave time for questions
Don’t read your talk
Techniques that help
• Memorize opening sentence
• Note cards
• Tough question?
–
–
–
–
–
anticipate questions that poke holes
anticipate future direction questions
repeat the question
“That’s a good question”
“I don’t know but…”
Advice to Fellows
• Practice within a group and then between
groups.
• Bring laser pointer into class to demonstrate
how to use it correctly
• Remind students they will be using a
microphone
More advice
• Everything presented verbally or visually
should have a clear role in support of the
central thesis or theses of the talk.
• If anything doesn’t do this, remove it.
borders, animations, clipart, etc
Listener’s Responsibility
• No talking
• Listen closely
• Think of at least one question to ask speaker
• Stay awake (no sleeping) and engaged
during the talk
Presentation Title
your name
School affiliation
city state
Introduction
• Introduce topic, big picture. Why?
• Explain how you reached your
questions/hypotheses.
• Define scientific terms. Use scientific
names for organisms.
• Visual Aids (slides of organisms)
• List questions your study addresses.
Methods
• Summarize methods = Use methods as
an explanation of how you addressed
your questions.
• Visual Aids (pictures of study sites or
setup is most effective).
• Organize methods to help audience
easily follow your research.
Flow Chart for Presentation
Organization
Introduction
Questions
Question A
Question B
Question C
Method for
addressing A
Method for
addressing B
Method for
addressing C
Results and
Interpretation A
Results and
Interpretation B
Results and
Interpretation C
How all parts fit into:
1. Original questions
2. Big picture
3. Past research
Results
• Use tables and/or figures to present data.
• Avoid verbalizing too many numerical
values (especially without visual aids).
• Show audience only data and results that are
important in addressing your questions.
• Remind audience how each method or
result fits back to the questions of your
study.
Discussion
• Talk about results with respect to:
Your study’s questions
Past research
• Make logical conclusions about your
research findings.
• Visual Aids (refer back to tables and
figures used in results)
Conclusions
• Visual Aid = Outline of questions from
introduction with acceptance or rejection of
null hypothesis.
• Big picture
• Future research
• Acknowledgements
Your brain starts working the
moment you are born, and
doesn’t stop until you have to
speak in public.

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