Physical Education - Fitness Terminology
Fitness - Good health and physical condition
enabling a person to have the highest quality of
 Speed - the maximal velocity that can be reached
by part or all of the body.
 Agility - the ability to rapidly change the body’s
momentum from one direction to another.
 Strength - the ability of a muscle or muscle group
to exert maximal force.
 Flexibility - (ROM) Range of movement (motion)
in a joint or group of joints.
 Power- the ability, strength, and capacity to do
 Strength Endurance- the ability of your muscles
to repeat submaximal contractions without fatigue
 Plyometrics - exercise involving repeated rapid
stretching(loading) and contracting of muscles
(as by jumping and rebounding) to increase
muscle power - fast, powerful movements
 Sport specific - training that pertains to a specific
sport or activity
Repitition - One complete movement of an
Set - Fixed number of repetitions. For
example, 10 repetitions may make up one
 Components of Fitness:
 Aerobic/cardiovascular endurance
 Muscular strength
 Muscular endurance
 Flexibility
 Body composition
Benefits of Muscular
Strength & Endurance
Strong muscle fibers and tendons
Increases metabolism
Create and maintain good posture
Reduce fatigue
Prevent injuries
Prevent back problems (core)
Benefits of Stretching
Increases range of motion
Reduced risk of injury
Prevents and reduces muscle soreness
Increases speed
Improves athletic performance
Improves body awareness
Improves circulation
Feels good - relaxes you
FITT Principle
Frequency - how often you are exercising
Intensity - how much effort are you putting
into your exercising (%)
Type - what type of exercise are you doing
Time - how long are you exercising

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