The clinical experience of mitomycin C balloon dilatation in intractable esophageal stricture EUN YOUNG CHANG, YOUNG JU HONG, JUNG-TAK OH, SEOK JOO HAN Department of Pediatric Surgery, Severance Children’s Hospital, Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Purpose Esophageal strictures refractory to conservative treatment represent a major problem in children. Recently, the application of mitomycin C to the lesion of strictures has been introduced. We investigated our clinical experience with this procedure in refractory esophageal stricture. Methods From September 2011 to September 2013 16 patients: 15 esophageal stricture after the surgery of esophageal atresia 1 corrosive esophageal injury due to lithium battery ingestion after esophagectomy Mitomycin C balloon dilatation Drug eluting microporous PTFE balloon catheter after pre-balloon dilatation under the general anesthesia by intervention radiologist Methods Pre- Pre-balloon Mitomycin C After- Results Characteristics N=16 Sex (M/F) 7/9 Age at Mitomycin C dilatation 9.3 months (2.9-41.9) Body weight at Mitomycin C dilatation 6.1 kg (3.2-12.6) Diameter of stricture 3.0 mm (1.5-8.0) Length of stricture 5.3 mm (1.1-20.0) Numbers of esophageal dilatation before procedure 2 (0-8) Numbers of esophageal dilatation after procedure 0 (0-4) * All variables are expressed by median values with range. Results Numbers of esophageal dilatation pre-/post- mitomycin 9 Case 1 8 Case 2 Case 3 7 Case 4 Case 5 6 Case 6 Case 7 5 Case 8 4 Case 9 Case 10 3 Case 11 Case 12 2 Case 13 Case 14 1 Case 15 Case 16 0 Pre-Mitomicyn C Post-Mitomycin C Results After Mitomycin C esophageal dilatation, 5 patients were needed further dilatation. 1 : severe small diameter of stricture (1.55mm) (n: 44) 1: lithium battery ingestion, (n:14) 1: clinically severe stenosis: 01 1: decreased, (n:81) 1: decreased, (n:72) 11 patients: never needed further dilatation Results Complications one patient a partial tearing of esophagus during the procedure followed pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia recovered through conservative treatment Follow-up duration: 8.3 months(r: 0.5-22.3) All patients were not complain dysphagia Conclusion Although this study is retrospective, small sample sized, not randomized, and limited follow-up, Mitomycin C balloon dilatation in refractory esophageal stricture is safe and feasible. For further indication, prospective, long-term assessment of outcome is needed.