busybox build guide

Report
How To Build Busybox with Gcov
by Yunho Kim
Provable Software Lab, KAIST
Contents
• How to compile busybox with gcov
• How to get coverage information
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
2/14
Compile Busybox
• How to compile busybox with gcov
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
3/14
Compile Busybox (Step 1~3)
• 1) Download busybox 1.17.3 version and unzip the
archive file.
• 2) Execute the following command
– $ make allnoconfig
to uncheck all build options
• 3) Execute the following command
– $ make menuconfig
This command requires a ncurses library
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
4/14
Compile Busybox (Step 4)
• 4) Go to Busybox Settings -> Build Options ->
Additional CFLAGS and enter --coverage
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
5/14
Compile Busybox (Step 5)
• 5) Go to Busybox Settings -> Debugging Options and
check ‘Build BusyBox with extra Debugging symbols’
and ‘Disable compiler optimizations’ option.
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
6/14
Compile Busybox (Step 6)
• 6) Check the 5 utilities(vi, expr, prinf, grep, ls) in Applets
Coreutils -> expr, printf, ls
Editors -> vi
Finding Utilities -> grep
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
7/14
Compile Busybox (Step 7)
• 7) Go to Busybox Settings -> General Configuration
and check ‘Show terse applet usage messages’ and
its sub-options
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
8/14
Compile Busybox (Step 8)
• 8) Save your configuration and exit. Then, execute
$ make
• When the build process terminates successfully,
‘busybox’ and ‘busybox_unstripped’ files are generated.
– ‘busybox’ is stripped version of ‘busybox_unstripped’
– ‘busybox’ does not have any symbol information.
– Thus, you should use busybox_unstripped to get symbol
information
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
9/14
Compile Busybox (Step 9)
• 9) Execute ./busybox_unstripped and check expr, grep,
ls, printf, and vi are defined in the binary.
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
10/14
Compile Busybox (Step 10)
• 10) Check that sourcefile.gcno are generated in subdirectories.
– If not, you may make a mistake in step 4
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
11/14
Get Coverage Information
• How to get coverage information
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
12/14
Get Coverage Information (Step 1~2)
• 1) Execute ls utility
$ ./busybox_unstripped ls
• 2) Copy coreutils/ls.gcno and coreutils/ls.gcda into the
busybox root directory(parent directory of coreutils
directory)
$ cp coreutils/ls.gcda coreutils ls.gcno .
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
13/14
Get Coverage Information (Step 3~4)
• 3) Execute gcov to get coverage information
$ gcov -b ls.c
• 4) You can find coverage information from ls.c.gcov
– You can obtain coverage information of other source files in a
similar way.
Yunho Kim, Provable Software Lab, KAIST
14/14

similar documents