Ch. 17 - The Roman Republic

Report
Hinduism & Buddhism
Key Vocabulary
Hinduism began in India over 2,000
years ago. The goal of a Hindu is for the
soul to become one with Brahman.
Hinduism focuses on four goals: pleasure,
success, dharma, and moksha. Buddhism
also began in India. Hindus and Buddhists
both believe in reincarnation and karma.
However the goal of Buddhism is to
achieve enlightenment and reach nirvana.
As Buddhism spread, monasteries were
built and missionaries traveled throughout
Asia.
Assignment
• Create a table on a blank sheet of
paper.
• For each term, allow space to write:
– Vocabulary Term
– Definition
– Synonym or Example
– Sketch
Hinduism
• Definition: religion of
the people of India
• Developed from
Vedic tradition
• Rituals & many gods
- Polytheistic
• Sacred scriptures
called the Vedas
• Caste system
• Which other ancient
civilizations believed
in polytheism?
Brahman
• Definition: One
supreme God in
Hinduism
• Takes the form of
many different
gods/goddesses
• Every Hindu’s goal is
for their soul to
become one with
Brahman
• What similarities can
you find in these
Hindu gods?
dharma
• Definition: Living a moral
life
• Fulfilling the duties
assigned to your caste
• Your dharma depends on
your age and caste
• “Better to do one’s own
duty imperfectly than to do
another’s well.” Bhagavad
Gita
• What duties do you have?
As a member of your
family?
As a student at NHMS?
moksha
• Definition: release from
life
• Soul becomes one with
Brahman
• Live forever in a state of
joy
• Hindu’s goal in life
• What is one goal you
have for your life?
reincarnation
• Definition: rebirth of
a soul in a new body
• May be born into
higher or lower
caste, or as animal
or insect
• Depends on how you
lived your life
• Continues until you
reach moksha
karma
• Definition: the sum of
a person’s actions
and consequences,
words and thoughts
• Bad karma = rebirth
into lower life form
• Good karma = rebirth
into higher life form
• How does the cartoon
show karma?
Buddhism
• Definition: a religion
based on the teachings
of Siddhartha Gautama
• Siddhartha was a
prince who gave up
everything to search for
wisdom and truth
• He became the
Buddha
• What do you think is
more important wealth or wisdom?
enlightenment
• Definition: the state of
perfect wisdom
• Ends the cycle of
reincarnation
• Goal of Buddhists
• Buddha meditated for
49 days to reach
enlightenment
• Discuss - what would
be difficult about
meditating for 49
days?
nirvana
• Definition: a state of
blissful peace
without desire or
suffering
• Buddhists follow the
Eightfold Path to
reach nirvana
• No more death and
rebirth
• How are Buddha’s
8 R’s similar to the
3 R’s at NHMS?
missionary
• Definition: a person
who goes to another
place to teach about
his or her religion
• Buddhist missionaries
spread the Buddha’s
teachings throughout
Asia
• Who spread
Christianity throughout
the Roman Empire?
(Hint: His name started
as Saul)
monastery
• Definition: the home
of a religious
community
• A place for Buddhist
monks and nuns to
live, meditate, and
spread Buddha’s
teachings
• Think of a building
in our culture where
anyone can go to
read and think
quietly…

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