GOODS AND SERVICES TAX (GST) CONCEPT, MODEL & PRESENT STATUS January, 2015 PRESENTATION PLAN Why GST : Perceived Benefits Road to GST – Milestones Stakeholders Existing Indirect Tax Structure Features of Constitution Amendment Bill Features of Proposed GST Model Current Status GSTN Way Forward GST Planning WHY GST? PERCEIVED BENEFITS WHY GST : PERCEIVED BENEFITS To Trade Reduction in multiplicity of taxes Mitigation of cascading/ double taxation More efficient neutralization of taxes especially for exports Development of common national market Simpler tax regime with fewer rates and exemptions To Government Simpler Tax system Broadening of Tax base Improved compliance & revenue collections (tax booster) Efficient use of resources ROAD TO GST - MILESTONES ROAD TO GST- MILESTONES Budget 2006-07: announcement of intent to introduce GST by 2010 May, 2007 to September, 2009: Discussions on roadmap & design between Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers (EC) & GOI November, 2009: First Discussion Paper (FDP) released by EC January, 2010: Comments on FDP by GOI June, 2010 : Three sub-working Groups constituted by GOI o Registration, return, payment, refund, audit & dispute resolution mechanism related issues o Drafting of Central GST & model State GST legislations o Basic design of IT systems required for GST in general & IGST in particular ROAD TO GST- MILESTONES CONTD. July, 2010: Empowered Group on IT Infrastructure set-up March, 2011: Constitution (115th Amendment) Bill introduced in LS – Since lapsed with dissolution of LS November, 2012: Committee on GST Design set-up by EC January, 2013: Report submitted by Committee on GST Design February, 2013: Three Committees constituted by EC - Dual Control, Thresholds and Exemptions RNRs for SGST & CGST and Place of Supply Rules IGST and GST on Imports March, 2013 – GSTN incorporated as a Section 25 Company ROAD TO GST- MILESTONES CONTD. June, 2013: Committee to draft model GST Law July, 2013: Report submitted by Sub-Group-I on Business Processes April, 2014: Committee to examine Report of the sub-Group-I on Business Processes constituted by EC June, 2014: Report submitted by Committee on IGST and GST on Imports June, 2014: Report submitted by Committee on Dual Control, Thresholds & Exemptions October, 2014: Report submitted by Committee on RNRs & Place of Supply Rules December, 2014: Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill introduced in LS STAKEHOLDERS . Two major players: Centre & States Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers (EC) Finance Ministers of all State Governments. Assisted by State Finance Secretaries/ Commissioners of Commercial Taxes Government of India Department of Revenue CBEC Other Stakeholders – not directly involved in discussions EXISTING INDIRECT TAX STRUCTURE EXISTING INDIRECT TAX STRUCTURE Present Tax Structure [4 Important Constituents] Excise Duty Service Tax Sales Tax / VAT Customs Duty Entry No. 84, List I, Schedule VII Residuary Entry No. 97, List I, Schedule VII Entry No. 54 of List II (VAT) and 92A of List I (CST) Entry No. 83, List I, Schedule VII Taxable Event is Manufacture Taxable Event is Provision of Service Taxable Event is Sale Taxable Event is Import & Export 11 FEATURES OF CONSTITUTION AMENDMENT BILL FEATURES OF CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT BILL 122nd Amendment Bill introduced in LS on 19.12.2014 Key Features Concurrent jurisdiction for levy of GST by the Centre and the States –proposed Article 246A Authority for Centre to levy & collection of IGST on supplies in the course of inter-State trade or commerce including imports – proposed Article 269A Authority for Centre to levy non-vatable Additional Tax – to be retained by originating State GST defined as any tax on supply of goods or services or both other than on alcohol for human consumption – proposed Article 366(12A) FEATURES OF CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT BILL CONTD. Key Features contd. Goods includes all materials, commodities & articles – Article 366 (12) Services means anything other than goods – proposed Article 366 (26A) Goods and Services Tax Council (GSTC) - proposed Article 279A To be constituted by the President within 60 days from the coming into force of the Constitutional Amendments Consists of Union FM & Union MOS (Rev) Consists of all State Ministers of Finance Quorum is 50% of total members Decisions by majority of 75% of weighted votes of members present & voting 1/3rd weighted votes of Centre & 2/3rd of all States together FEATURES OF CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT BILL CONTD. Key Features contd. Council to make recommendations on Taxes, etc. to be subsumed in GST Exemptions & thresholds GST rates Band of GST rates Model GST Law & procedures Special provisions for any special category States Date from which GST would be levied on petroleum products Council to determine the procedure in performance of its functions Council to decide modalities for dispute resolution arising out of its recommendations Changes in entries in List – I & II Compensation for loss of revenue to States for five years FEATURES OF PROPOSED GST MODEL GST - FEATURES Destination-based Taxation Applies to all stages of value chain – primary, secondary & tertiary including retail Applies to all supplies of goods / services (as against manufacture, sale or provision of service) made for a consideration except : Exempted goods / services – common list for CGST & SGST Goods / services outside the purview of GST Transactions below threshold limits Dual GST having two concurrent components : Central GST levied & collected by Centre State GST levied & collected by States GST – FEATURES CONTD. CGST and SGST on intra-State supplies of goods / services in India IGST (CGST + SGST) applicable to Inter-State supplies of goods / services in India Inter-state stock transfers of goods Import of goods and services IGST levied & collected by the Centre Additional Tax not exceeding 1% on inter-state supply of goods – to be levied by the Centre but retained by originating State Export of goods and services – Zero rated GST – FEATURES CONTD. All goods or services likely to be covered under GST except: Alcohol for human consumption - State Excise + VAT Electricity - Electricity Duty Real Estate - Stamp Duty + Property Taxes Petroleum Products – to be brought under GST from a later date on recommendation of GSTC Tobacco products – under GST + Central Excise GST - FEATURES CONTD. TAXES PROPOSED TO BE SUBSUMED Central Taxes State Taxes Central Excise duty (CENVAT) State VAT / Sales Tax Additional duties of excise Central Sales Tax Excise duty levied under Purchase Tax Taxes (Centre, State or local levies – in the nature of Medicinal & Toiletries Entertainment Tax (not levied indirect taxes services) to be Preparation Act on supply of goods by localor bodies) subsumed Additional within duties GST: of customs Luxury Tax (CVD & SAD) Entry Tax (not levied by local Service Tax bodies) Surcharges & Cesses Entry Tax in lieu of Octroi Taxes on lottery, betting & gambling Surcharges & Cesses GST – FEATURES CONTD. GST Rates – based on RNR : Four rates Merit rate - essential goods & services Standard rate - goods & services in general Special rate - precious metals Nil rate - exempted goods or services Floor rate with a small band of rates for standard rated goods / services for CGST & SGST Optional Threshold exemption in both components of GST Optional Compounding scheme for taxpayers having taxable turnover up to a certain threshold above the exemption GST – FEATURES CONTD. ITC of CGST for CGST & SGST for SGST - no cross utilization ITC of IGST allowed for payment of IGST, CGST & SGST in that order ITC of CGST allowed for payment of CGST & IGST in that order ITC of SGST allowed for payment of SGST & IGST in that order No ITC of Additional Tax GST – FEATURES Multiple statutes – one for Centre & one for every State Model GST Law including Rules & procedures to be recommended by GST Council CONTD. Certain features to be common between the Centre & the States & across the States Certain other features may vary to allow flexibility to the Centre & the States Place of Supply Rules to determine Place of Supply of goods or services to determine whether the supplies are intra-State or inter-State HSN Code likely to be used for classification of goods Present system of classification of services likely to be used CURRENT STATUS CURRENT STATUS I. AMENDMENT BILL REINTRODUCED on 19.12.2014 Procedure for passage of Constitutional Amendment Bill May be referred to the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) To be passed by 2/3rd majority in both Houses of Parliament To be ratified by at least 50% of the State Legislatures Assent by President of India Thereafter, GSTC to be constituted GSTC to recommend GST Law and procedure GST Law to be introduced in Parliament/ State legislatures CURRENT STATUS CONTD. DRAFTING OF LEGISLATION II. III. Committee & three sub-committees of officials (Centre & States) constituted to finalize model legislation (CGST, SGST and IGST) GST Cell in CBEC BUSINESS PROCESSES AND IT FRAMEWORK IT Infrastructure for GST to be put in place jointly by the Centre & States Empowered Group headed by Dr. Nandan Nilekani finalized the design and modalities of GSTN NSDL appointed the Technology partner GSTN established as a SPV & Section 25 company CURRENT STATUS CONTD. Business Processes A common portal - GST Network (GSTN) to handle registration of taxpayers, return filing and payments To be linked to the CBEC IT system (ACES) & each of the States at the back end Business processes & forms relating to Registration & Returns under approvals Issues under Discussion Key Policy issues Key Business processes CURRENT STATUS CONTD. Five Committees constituted by EC Committee on Dual Control, Thresholds & Exemptions Committee on Revenue Neutral Rates for State GST & Central GST & Place of Supply Rules Committee on IGST & GST on Imports Committee for drafting Model GST Law Committee for examination of Business Processes CURRENT STATUS CONTD. Key Policy Issues under Discussion – Extent of Dual Control Rate structure Exempted Goods / Services Exemption threshold Composition threshold Role of Centre / States in inter-State Trade Place of Supply Rules for Goods / Services Mechanics of IGST model Account settlement between Centre & States under IGST model CURRENT STATUS CONTD. Key Business processes under Discussion – Single / Multiple registration within one State Dispute settlement Audit Enforcement Recovery & Refund, etc. GST NETWORK (GSTN) GSTN - FEATURES GSTN incorporated on 28.03.2013 as Section 25 private limited company with authorized equity of Rs. 10 cr. Strategic control to remain with Government A self-sustaining revenue model - to levy user charges for availing services from tax payers tax authorities Exclusive national agency responsible for delivering integrated Tax related services involving multiple tax authorities Equity Holders Central Government - 24.5% EC and all States together - 24.5% Financial Institutions – 51% GSTN - FUNCTIONS GST Common Portal to be set-up before GST roll out Common Portal to function as pass-through portal for dealers to submit registration application file returns make tax payments Registration, return & payment information to be passed on to Central & concerned State tax authorities GSTN to develop back-end modules like Assessment, Audit, Refunds, Appeal, Enforcement & tax payer profiling utility, etc. as part of Cafeteria Services Statutory functions like assessment, enforcement of tax laws, settlement of disputes etc. to be performed by the respective tax authorities only GSTN to provide various services GSTN - SERVICES Common Registration, Return filing & e-Payment for tax payers Integration of Common GST Portal with existing tax administration systems of Central / State Governments & other stake holders Facilitate, implement and set standards for providing services to tax payers through common GST portal Build efficient & convenient interfaces with tax payers to increase tax compliance Assist tax authorities in plugging tax evasion & improving transparency of tax administration system Carry out research, study best practices & provide training to the stakeholders Deliver any other service of relevance to Government & other stakeholders WAY FORWARD WAY FORWARD Passage of Constitution Amendment Bill GSTC to be constituted after passing of Constitution Amendment Bill GSTC to recommend GST Law & procedure GST Law to be introduced in Parliament / State legislatures Scale up existing IT Infrastructure Linkage of GSTN portal with ACES at back end WAY FORWARD CONTD. Meeting implementation challenges : Effective coordination between Centre & State tax administrations Reorganization of field formations Augmentation of human resources Spreading Accounting Literacy Developing IT skills Reorganisation of Audit procedures Harmonization of processes & procedures between CGST / IGST & SGST Law GST PLANNING IMPACT AREAS FOR BUSINESSES Pricing, Costing, Margins Supply-chain management Change in IT systems Treatment of tax incentives Treatment of excluded sectors Transaction issues Tax compliance ROLE OF PROFESSIONALS Tracking GST development Review of draft legislation and impact analysis Industry advocacy Review of final legislation and impact analysis Implementation assistance Post implementation support THANK YOU !