Lt. Gen Anil Chait CISC, Headquarter-IDS, New Delhi

Report
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND
DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS
Lt Gen Anil Chait, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC
Chief of Integrated Defence Staff
Armed Forces - Chetwode Motto
• The safety, honour and welfare of your
country come first, always and every time.
• The honour, welfare and comfort of the men
you command come next.
• Your own ease, comfort and safety come
last, always and every time.
HADR operations by their very nature are a
commitment of every soldier towards the safety and
security of his countrymen.
Field Marshal Sir Philip Chetwode
Global Scenario
JAPAN
ALASKA
CHINA
USA
INDIA
INDONESIA
Source: Living with Risk, UNISDR
HADR by Indian Armed Forces
USA ‘KATRINA’ - 2005
• 22 T (1 x IL-76)
Lebanon - 2006
• 24 T (1 x IL-76)
Indonesia - 2006
Philippines - 2006 & 2013
• 109 T (2 x IL-76 & 2 Ships)
• 28 T (1 x IL-76)
• 15 T (1 x C-130)
Bangladesh Cyclone- 2007
• 165 T (4 x IL-76)
USA
Lebanon Kyrgyzstan
China
Pakistan
Bangladesh
India
Myanmar
Philippines
Indonesia
Sri Lanka
China Earth Quake - 2008
• 245 T (9 x IL-76)
Kyrgyzstan - 2010
Pakistan Floods - 2008
• US $ 1 Mn
• Blankets & Mosquito Nets
• 2 x IL-76
• Medicines
Sri Lanka Floods - 2009 & 2011
Mayanmar Cyclone NARGIS - 2008
• 100 Bedded Hospital & Medical Teams
• 224 T (2 x AN-32, 6 x IL-76 & 2 Ships)
• Aid - US $ 1 Million (2 x IL-76)
• Light Hospital & Medical teams
Major Disasters (1980-2013)
3
Cloud burst,
2010
1
Earthquake,
Oct 2005
Flashfloods, Uttarakhand
& HP - 2013
3
Earthquake Uttarkashi,
Oct 91 & Chamoli, Apr 99
3
J&K Avalanche
Feb 2005
5
Floods, Haryana
1993, 1996, 2013
Bhuj, Earthquake,
26 Jan 2001
Cyclone
Kutchh, 1998
Earthquake, Latur,
30 Sep 1993
Floods
26 Jul 2005
4
Earthquake
Sikkim Sep 2011
Floods, Assam & Bihar
2004, 2007, 2008, 2012
2
1
3
2
Bhopal Gas
Disaster, Dec 1982
Tsunami
26 Dec 2004
4
Cyclone (Orissa)
29 Oct 1999, 13 Oct 13
Cyclone (A.P)
1992 & 1996, 13 Oct 13
Floods ( A.P. &
Karnataka), 2009
Tsunami
26 Dec 2004
Floods, Uttar Pradesh,
1998, 2005, 2010,
2012, 2013
Tsunami
26 Dec 2004
Armed Forces Support
Leh
Tsunami
Uttarakhand
Floods
Sikkim
Bihar
Uttarakhand
Bhuj
Latur Earthquake
Odisha
Bhuj Earthquake
Latur
Sikkim Earthquake
Andhra Pradesh
Port Blair
Kerala
Tamil Nadu
Leh Mudslide
Cyclone PHAILIN
Multi Hazard Zones
Earthquake - High Damage Risk
Zones
Winds & Earthquake - High
Damage Risk Zones
Earthquake & Floods - High
Damage Risk Zones
Earthquake & Floods - Very High
Damage Risk Zones
Earthquake - Very High Damage
Risk Zones
Floods - Very High Damage Risk
Zones
Disaster Risks
12%
59%
Droughts
Earthquakes
Floods
16%
3%
76%
7,516 km Coastline
Cyclones & Tsunamis
Landslides
Terrain Peculiarities
Glaciated Areas
Mountains - HAA
Valleys
Jungles
Deserts
Plains
Riverine
Ghats
Coastal Areas
Island Territories
Armed Forces - Suitability for HADR
Command
& Control
Org
Cohesion
Logistics
Leadership
Mobility
Integral
Comns
Preparedness & Response - Armed Forces
• Response Status - Second Responder.
• In Principle - Last In, First Out.
• Always prepared and first to respond.
Unity of Effort - Major Participants
People
Other
Stakeholders
Dist / State Adm
SDRF / CAPF
NDMA
Armed
Forces
Government
NDRF
Armed Forces
Military Capabilities
Strategic Interests
Hard
Power
Diplomacy
Smart
Power
Soft
Power
Capability
Power Projection
Assets
OOAC
HADR
International
Regional
Institutional Mechanism
National Crisis Mgt Committee
(NCMC)
National Executive Committee
(NEC)
Defence Crisis Mgt Group
(DCMG)
IHQ of MoD
(Army)
IHQ of MoD
(Navy)
Coast Guard
Air HQs
(VB)
NDMA
MoCA
MHA
DoE/Fin
MEA
MoOIA
MoS
CAPF
Simultaneous Tsunami Relief Operations - 2004
• Duration - Dec 04 to Feb 05
• Army - 8300 Troops
• Navy
• 5500 Sailors
• 31 Ships
• 4 Aircraft & 22 Heptrs
• Air Force
• 3000 Air Warriors
• 26 Aircraft & 16 Heptrs
OP
OP MADAD
MADAD
PENINSULAR INDIA
PENINSULAR
INDIA
OP SEAWAVES
A&N ISLANDS
OP RAINBOW
SRI LANKA
OP GAMBHIR
OP CASTOR
MALDIVES
INDONESIA
Uttarakhand Flash Floods Jun 2013
All 13 districts (1600 villages) affected. 60 villages ravaged, 1000
puckka houses completely and 2000 partially damaged. 650 animal
sheds damaged. 700 big animals and 8800 smaller animals died.
•Formation breaches - 32.5 kms
Gangotri
Hanuman Chatti
•Landslides - 8.0 kms.
Kedarnath
Uttarkashi
Dharasu
Badrinath
Gaurikund
Joshimath
Gupt Kashi
•220 all
types
of
bridges
including
14
big
bridges
damaged / washed away.
Tehri
Dehradun
Chamoli
Rudraprayag
Pauri
Haridwar
Bageshwar
40,000 Sq Km area affected
Muzaffarnagar
One of
the biggest rescue and relief
Nainital
operation undertaken by the Armed
Forces. More than one lakh people
Meerut
evacuated
by road and air.
Almora
Pithoragarh
Champawat
Udham Singh Nagar
Uttarakhand Flash Floods Jun 2013
Gangotri
Hanuman Chatti
Kedarnath
Uttarkashi
Dharasu
Badrinath
Gaurikund
Joshimath
Gupt Kashi
Tehri
Dehradun
Chamoli
• Medical Teams
• Psy Spl Team
• SHO Team
• Medical Bricks
Rudraprayag
Pauri
Haridwar
-
24
02
01
238
Dharchula
Lansdowne
8000 Troops / 150 SF personnelBageshwar
deployed, rescued approx
Army
45000 people, BRO employed 125 plant equipment
Ranikhet
Almora
Pithoragarh
NavyMuzaffarnagar
Two diving teams deployed (Rudraprayag & Haridwar)
Nainital
AF
Meerut
45 Heptrs & One C-130J / 3500 Sorties
Champawat
760 Tons airlifted / 23000 stranded
people air evacuated
Udham Singh Nagar
Cyclone PHAILIN Oct 2013
Odisha & Andhra Pradesh
Army
Navy
AF
10 Columns, One ETF and 6 Medical
Teams
4 Ships, 30 Diving Teams, Heptrs &
Transport AC
30 Heptrs & 4 Transport AC
Cyclone LEHAR Nov 2013
• Army.
10
composite
columns
deployed in Machlipatnam, Vizag,
Kakinada, Elluru & Rajamundhry.
• Navy. Assets prepared to operate exVizag including Ships, Diving Teams,
Heptrs and ACs.
• AF. Heptrs positioned at Vizag and
other assets kept stand-by ex-Sec’bad
& Bangalore / Yelankah.
• CG. Assets all along Eastern Coast.
Cyclone HAIYAN Nov 2013 - Philippines
• 15 Ton material dispatched by
one C-130 Super Hercules.
• MsRE,
tarpaulins,
tentage,
blankets
and
life
saving
medical care stores.
Tacloban
Way Ahead - Armed Forces
Representation in DM Institutions at National and
State Level
Enabling Legal Provisions
Infrastructure Development - Incorporate Armed
Forces esp in Border Development
Provisioning of SAR Equipment to Armed Forces
and Refurbishing QRTs / QRMTs
Primacy of Civil Administration
Way Ahead - Armed Forces
Availability of Disaster Relief Bricks
Support Short-Term & Mid-Term Relief &
Rehab Operations
Institutionalize Best Practices
Participation in HADR Exercises
Friendly Foreign Countries
with
JAI HIND

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