Supplements

Report
Dietary
Supplements

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Intended to supplement
the diet
Contains one or more
ingredients
Intended to be taken by
mouth (but is not a food)
Labeled on the front panel
as a dietary supplement

Known essential nutrients

Dose based on the RDA

Safe when used correctly

Targeted markets

Strong bones and teeth

Helps heart, nerves, and muscles work properly

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Total calcium intake should not exceed 2500
mg per day
Vitamin D is important

Vitamin B12

Folic acid

Vitamin D
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No known requirements or
safe doses
Active ingredient may not be
known
Complex mixture of
compounds
Ingredients may cause side
effects and interactions

Statement of identity

Net quantity of contents

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"This statement has not been evaluated by the
Food and Drug Administration. This product is not
intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any
disease."
Other ingredients in descending order of
predominance and by common name or
proprietary blend
Name and place of business of manufacturer,
packer or distributor

This is the address to write for more product information.
Directions: Amount to
take
States dosage and health
warning of active
ingredient
Warns of
harm
caused by
supplement
and possible
drug
interactions
Supplement Facts Panel: Information about
recommended serving size and the name and
amount of each ingredient

Manufactures are allowed to make four kinds of
claims about the product:
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Nutritional claims
Claims of well-being
Health claims
Structure or function claims
“Helps
Maintain Healthy Joint
Function”

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Supplements are not considered
pharmaceuticals, therefore have not undergone
rigorous testing for safety or efficacy.
Talk with your doctor first before starting a
supplement regimen
Like drugs, dietary supplements have risks and
side effects

Look for standardized supplements

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Reliable manufacturer
Pharmacopeia’s seal
ConsumberLab.com

Select only single herb supplements

Beware of claims that are too good to be true

Avoid supplements manufactured outside US

toxic ingredients and prescription medicines

Unlike drugs, dietary supplements have NO
governmental standards to ensure safety,
effectiveness or quality

Supplements are not ‘FDA approved’

Active ingredients not known

Standardization of products does not occur
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Administered form not standard
Dose not standard
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Traditional medicine origins
Treatments involved herb therapy but also
cultural and personal interactions with the
healer
Cannot replicate with a pill
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Oxidative damage is a natural
event in the body
Enzymes and chelators protect
cells from damage
Plant foods contain natural
antioxidants

Widely found in plant foods

Provide bright colors in food

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Potential antioxidants in the
body
Best to get from food
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Used to shorten duration of cold and flu and
reduce symptoms
Under debate whether it helps fight common
cold
People with tuberculosis, leukemia, diabetes,
connective tissue disorder, and liver disorders
should not take it
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Used to reduce menopause symptoms (hot
flashes)
Side effects include headache, nausea and rash
Do not take with anticoagulants, Tamoxifen,
estrogens, hormone replacement therapy or
birth control pills
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Used to treat circulatory problems and enhance
memory.
Side effects include GI upset, headaches, skin
reactions, dizziness.
May increase risk of brain hemorrhage and
bleeding complications – do not take with
blood thinning medications or if you are
pregnant or nursing.
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Ma huang
Kava kava
Comfrey
Chapparal
Germander
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Lobelia
Wormwood
Yohimbe
Brain-nerve
containing products
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Taking medications
Medical treatment available for your medical
condition

Pregnant or breast feeding
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Prior to surgery
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Younger than 18 or older than 65
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Megadosing: The “More is Better” Myth

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The “Natural is Safe” Myth

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Not supported by scientific evidence
Some of the most toxic substances occur naturally
e.g. mushrooms
The “Traditional Medicine” Myth
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Not convincing of proof of safety
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Supplement to the diet
Vitamins, minerals, botanicals or herbs
Pill, capsule, liquid, or tablet
Not regulated by FDA

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Can not be guaranteed safe
Best to get vitamins and minerals
from eating a balanced, healthy
diet

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