Slide 1

Report
Disaster
Laws
Overview of the international instruments
Male, Maldives, 11 October 2011
David Fisher,
IFRC IDRL Programme Coordinator
www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
Disaster
Laws
Global treaties on disaster assistance
Istanbul Convention (1990)
Kyoto Convention (rev 1999)
Tampere Convention
(1998)
Chicago Convention,
Annex 9 (rev 2004)
Conv. on UN P&I (1946 & 1947)
Convention on
Maritime Traffic (1965)
Vienna
Convention (1961)
Nuclear asst conv (1986)
www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
Disaster
Laws
Ratifications in South Asia
Tampere
Convention
Kyoto
Customs
Convention
Istanbul
Convention
Temporary
measures
Chicago
Convention
on Civil
Aviation
Maritime
Convention
Nuclear
Assistance
convention
Convention on
privileges and
Immunities of
the UN
Afghanistan
1947
1986
1947
Bangladesh
1972
1988
1978
1947
1988
1948
India
1991
2005
Maldives
1974
Nepal
1999
Pakistan
2009
2004
Sri Lanka
1999
2009
1960
www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
2004
1965
1947
1989
1948
1948
1991
2003
Disaster
Laws
Regional Law
EC Civil Protection
Mechanism
Lisbon Treaty
NATO
CDEMA Agreement
CAPRADE
Agreement
CEPREDENAC
Agreement
ECOWAS
Mechanism
IGAD Agreement
Arab League
Agreement
www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
ASEAN
Agreement
Draft SAARC
Agreement
APEC Strategy
SCO Agreement
SOPAC
Agreement
Disaster
Laws
Red Cross/Red Crescent (Soft) Law


Status Agreements
Statutes of the Movement
 Roles of the components
 fundamental principles

Principles and Rules
 mechanisms
components

Other resolutions on facilities for the
Movement

www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
for assistance between
visas, radio frequencies
Disaster
Laws
Rules for coordination



www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
UN GA 46/182 (1991)
UN GA 57/150 (2002)
(INSARAG)
IASC Guidelines on the
Cluster Approach
Disaster
Laws
IDRL Guidelines

Recommendations to
governments on how to prepare
domestic legal frameworks

Compile existing international
norms and best practice on legal
facilities

Ways to ensure both respect for
sovereignty and a quick response
www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
Disaster
Laws
Human Rights



www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
Int’l Covenant on Economic and
Social Rights
IASC Guidelines on Human Rights
and Disasters
Pinheiro Principles
Disaster
Laws
Hyogo Framework Priorities
Ensure that DRR is a national and a local priority with
a strong institutional basis for implementation.
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
Including through legislation, mechanisms for complance
and community participation
Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and
enhance early warning.
Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a
culture of safety and resilience at all levels.
Reduce the underlying risk factors.
Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective
response at all levels

similar documents