Introduction to Korean

Report
Introduction to Korean
Class #2
12:00 – 1:00
@OMGE Conference Room
Quinnipiac University
Introduction 0
 Hi! - An-yŏng-ha-se-yo. 안녕하세요
 Welcome! (to greet someone) - Hwan-yŏng-ham-ni-da. 환영
합니다.
 Thank you (very much)!
무) 감사합니다!
- (Nŏ-mu) kam-sa-ham-ni-da! (너
 Good bye! - An-nyŏng-hi ga-se-yo! / An-nyŏng-hi ge-se-yo!
안녕히 가세요! /or/ 안녕히 계세요!
 I’m glad to meet you! – Man-nah-suh-ban-gap-sup-ni-da!
만나서 반갑습니다.
Introduction 1
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in English
 Noun
Verb
 I
am
Modifier
Sam.
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in Korean
 Noun
 나는 /Nah-nun/
Modifier
쌤/Sam/
Verb
입니다/ip-nih-dah/
Introduction 2
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in English
 Noun
 My name
Verb
Modifier
is
Sam.
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in Korean
 Noun
 내 이름은
Modifier
쌤/Sam/
Verb
입니다/ip-nih-dah/
 내 /Nae/ my
 이름 /i: rum/ name
+ 은 /eun/
Introduction 3
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in English
 Noun
Verb
 I
am
Modifier
40 years old.
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in Korean
 Noun
Modifier
Verb
 나는 (Nah-nun)
40 살(sahl)
입니다(am)
 40 /sah – sip/
Introduction 4
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in English
 Noun
Verb
Adv.
Modifier
 I
came
from
North Carolina.
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in Korean
 Noun
Modifier
 나는 (Nah-nun)
North Carolina에서
 에서 /eh-suh/ from
 왔습니다 /wat-sum-nih-dah/ came
Verb
왔습니다
Introduction 5
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in English
 Noun
Verb
Modifier
 I
like
basketball.
 Basic Sentence Structure (Syntax) in Korean
 Noun
Modifier
 나는 (Nah-nun)
basketball 을
 을 /eul/
 좋아합니다 /jo-ah-ham-ni-dah/ like
Verb
좋아합니다.
Simple Introduction
 안녕하세요?
 내 이름은 _____________ 입니다.
 나는 ____________에서 왔습니다.
 나는 ____________을 좋아합니다.
 만나서 반갑습니다.
Simple Phrases 1
 예 /yeh/
Yes.
 아니오 /ah-ni-o/
No.
 괜찮아요 /kwen-chah-nah-yo/ It’s okay. That’s alright.
 안녕하세요? /ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo/ How are you? How
do you do? [also in reply]
 안녕히 가세요. /ahn-nyoung-i-kah-se-yo/ Good bye.
Simple Phrases 2
 감사합니다 /kahm-sa-hahm-ni-da/ Thank you. [formal]
 고맙습니다 /koh-mahp-soom-ni-da/ Thank you. [less
formal]
 죄송합니다 /che-sohng-hahm-ni-da/ I’m sorry. [intense]
 미안합니다 /mi-ahn-hahm-ni-da/ I’m sorry. [less
intense]
Smart Phrases
 The following phrases are complete sentences by
themselves. However, you can also make multiple
sentences with them. All you have to do is put the word
you want in front of the phrase.
 주세요
있어요
 없어요
하세요
 몰라요
좋아요
 어디에요
뭐에요
Smart Phrases 1 (chu-se-yo)
 커피
+
주세요.
 k’uh-p’i
chu-se-yo
 coffee
give me
=
커피 주세요.
 “Give me coffee.”
 “I’d like to have coffee, please.”
Smart Phrases 2 (issuh-yo)
 커피
+
있어요?
=
커피 있어요?
 k’uh-p’i
issuh-yo 
 coffee
have coffee?
is there…? = Is there coffee? / Do you
 있어요? Is there …?; Is … there?; Do you have …?;
Have you got …?
 * 있어요. 
There is ….; I have …; … is here.
Smart Phrases 2 (issuh-yo)
 ____ +
있어요? =

issuh-yo 
Is there …?; Do you have …?
 A: ________ 있어요?
 B: ________ 있어요.
 커피/k’uh-p’i/, John, Class, 돈/dohn; money/,
 시간/shi-gahn; time/, 자리/jah-rhee; seat/, Ticket
Smart Phrases 3 (up-suh-yo)
 숙제
+
없어요?
=
 sook-jae
up-suh-yo 
 homework
is there not…?
숙제 없어요?
 Is there not homework? / There’s no homework?
 없어요? Is there not …?; Is … not there?; Do you not have
…?
 * 없어요. 
There is not ….; I don’t have …; … is not here.
Smart Phrases 3 (up-suh-yo)
 ____ +
없어요? =

up-suh-yo 
Is there not …?; Do you not have …?
 A: ________ 없어요?
 B: ________ 없어요.
 커피/k’uh-p’i/, John, 수업/soo-up; class/, 돈/dohn; money/,
시간/shi-gahn; time/, 자리/jah-rhee; seat/, Ticket
Smart Phrases 4 (ha-se-yo)
 운전
+
하세요?
=
 woon-jeon
ha-se-yo 
 Driving
do you do …?
운전 하세요?
 Do you do …?; Do you speak …?
 하세요?
 * 하세요. 
Please, do ….
Smart Phrases 4 (ha-se-yo)
 ____ +
하세요? =

ha-se-yo 
Do you do …?
 A: ________ 하세요?
 B: ________ 해요./hae-yo/
 운전/woon-jeon; driving/, 운동/woon-dong; exercise/
 커피/k’uh-p’i/, 술/sool; drinking/
Smart Phrases 5 (cho-ah-yo)
 한국어
+
 Han-kook-uh
좋아요?
=
한국어 좋아요?
cho-ah-yo 
 Korean (language)
do you like …?
 Is it good?; Do you like it?; Is … good? Do you like …?
 좋아요?
 * 좋아요. 
…
It’s good. I like it. Fine. Okay; … is good. I like
Smart Phrases 5 (cho-ah-yo)
 ____ +
좋아요? =

ha-se-yo 
Do you like …?
 A: ________ 좋아요?
 B: ________ 좋아요.
 운전/woon-jeon; driving/, 운동/woon-dong; exercise/
 커피/k’uh-p’i/, 술/sool; drinking/
Smart Phrases 6 (mol-lah-yo)
 한국어
+
 Han-kook-uh
몰라요?
=
한국어 몰라요?
mol-lah-yo 
 Korean (language)
don’t you know …?
 Don’t you know …?
 몰라요?
 * 몰라요. 
I don’t know; I don’t know …
Smart Phrases 7 (mwuh-ye-yo)
 이게
+
뭐예요?
=
 i-gae
mwuh-ye-yo 
 this thing
what is …?
 이게/i-gae; this thing/
 저게/juh-gae; that thing/
이게 뭐예요?
Smart Phrases 8 (uh-dee-ye-yo)
 여기
 yo-gi
 Here
+
어디에요?
=
uh-dee-ye-yo 
where is…?
 여기/yo-gi; here/
 저기/juh-gi; there/
이게 뭐예요?

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