GEO and the Blue Planet Initiative - GEPW

Report
GEO SB-01
Oceans and Society: Blue Planet
An Integrating Oceans Task of GEO
GEPW-7
15-16 April 2013
Barcelona, Spain
Albert Fischer
Trevor Platt
on behalf of the
Blue Planet community
There is no Ocean SBA or ‘theme’ in GEO...
but strategic marine targets for GEOSS Implementation
(monitoring, analysis and prediction) occurred in various
Societal Benefit Areas and cross-cutting Tasks, for example
(from Former Work Plan (2009-2011):
•
•
•
•
•
•
Architecture: Virtual Constellations
Architecture: Global Ocean Observation System GOOS
Capacity Building: Building Capacity for Operational
Oceanography
Water: Global Water Quality Monitoring
Ecosystems: Regional Networks for Ecosystems
Agriculture: Data Utilization in Fisheries and Aquaculture
Calls for integration of marine monitoring
“What is needed now, that GEOSS will help achieve, is
to integrate the outputs from these various marine
monitoring and observation efforts into a cohesive
‘system of systems’ which will enable researchers,
resource managers and policy makers to rapidly
assess what is known about a particular marine
region…”
- GEO and Science (2010)
Report prepared by the European Space Agency in the framework of the
GEO Science and Technology Committee in support of the GEO Task ST-0901 “Catalyzing Research and Development (R&D) Resources for GEOSS”
Example: ocean data for food security
1] Policy
encouraging
establishment of
mariculture but no
implementing rules
2] Massive Fish Kill
and millions of loss
2
1
Assessment
Aquaculture
of 1998) isfor
a legal
instrument
Actthat
of 2011)
is a legal
encourages
and
instrument
requires
supports that
the establishment
anof
Environmental
Impact in
mariculture facilities
Assessment
the
waters of for
all coastal
establishment
and
municipalities
. construction
of fish
cages
and fish pens
Feed
90M
people
3] Science research,
education and
capacity building
4] Citizen Monitoring
and Disaster Risk
Reduction
5] Sustained
Response and longterm adaptation
6] NEW Policy
Community education
On Ocean Remote Sensing
Frequent
Republic
Act
8550
community
water
quality
Early
harvest
to prevent
high
loss –
HouseBill
5202
monitoring
during(Environmental
heating
events
(TheisPhilippine
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Code
Loss
reduced
to
PhP50-100M
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6
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4
SB-01 Blue Planet task components
• C1: Global ocean information
coordination and access
• C2: Monitoring marine and
coastal ecosystems
• C3: Global operational ocean
forecast network
• C4: Applications to
sustainable fishery and
aquaculture management
A wide and diverse community
• In-situ and satellite
physical, chemical,
biological observations
• Analysis and modelling
networks
• Links to end-users and
stakeholders
• Developing individual
and institutional capacity
Intergovernmental Oceanographic
Commission IOC/UNESCO
• Strengthening scientific knowledge of
the ocean and human impact on it:
research and observations
• Applying that knowledge for societal
benefit: developing early warning,
services, assessment, and outreach
• Improving capacity and governance:
building institutional capacities for
sustainable ocean management and
governance
IOC/UNESCO Blue Planet contributions
Coordination of ocean observations, services
• GOOS Global Ocean Observing System
• JCOMM Joint IOC-WMO Technical Commission for
Oceanography and Marine Meteorology
IOC/UNESCO Blue Planet contributions
Coordination of data management
• IODE IOC Oceanographic Data and Information
Exchange: focus on national ocean data centers
• OBIS Ocean Biogeographic Information System
IOC/UNESCO Blue Planet contributions
Ocean assessment
• Developing indicators to inform sustainable ocean management
• EU FP7 project: GEOWOW GEOSS interoperability for Weather,
Ocean and Water
• GEF project: TWAP Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme –
assessment of ocean climate, ecosystems, fisheries, pollution,
socioeconomic impact, governance
Halpern et al., 2008
Blue Planet leaders
• POGO Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean
consortium of 50+ major oceanographic laboratories
committed to sustained and globally-complete observing
system
– advocacy for ocean observing system
– strong programmes in capacity development, Nippon Foundation
• GOOS – IOC/UNESCO
• CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
– Virtual Constellations for Essential Ocean Variables
• GODAE OceanView coordinating development of global
and regional ocean forecast systems
– partnership with JCOMM on interoperability, standards and best
practices
Blue Planet community
• Blue Planet Symposium (Ilhabela, Brazil, 19-21
November 2012) resolved to continue developing the
Task and establish further synergies between the various
Task components; and develop a White Paper to
elaborate contributions of various programs and elements
of Blue Planet
• ‘Light’ governance of collaboration between work task
component leaders
The added value of Blue Planet…
• A platform to demonstrate importance of sustained in
situ and satellite observations of marine and freshwater
environments, and the value of integrating these with
models
• Brings together a wide and diverse community of
governmental and academic ocean observers and links
them to users
• Includes a dynamic, focused programme in capacity
building complemented by a vigorous, global network of
former scholars from developing countries
GEO’s added value for Blue Planet community
• Raises awareness of sustained ocean observations at
national policy level, platform for advocacy with a
different audience
• Provides flexible tool for spiral development of systems
and infrastructure – voluntary nature of GEO
• Potential for integration of earth observations through
common approaches, infrastructure, toolkits – not just
data
• Need all types of data and information to generate
societal benefit
What next?
• Use and develop network of Blue Planet contributing
organizations and projects – vibrant base that needs
additional support
• Development of portfolio of project proposals
– Advocating for and investing in these organizations /
communities: developing requirements, observations, data and
information management, services
– developing synergies between communities and to other GEO
initiatives
– creating information for societal benefit
– developing capacity
– Can GEO be a champion for one/some of these projects?
• Continue advocacy for sustained ocean observing
system, data sharing

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