Slide 1

Effective Research Skills
Select Your Topic.
Read research requirements
before beginning.
Make a list of questions to help
guide your research.
Selecting and Using Sources
Print materials:
Media Center Card Catalog
Try Keyword Search, Write down
call number
Print Source
If using a nonfiction source,
locate the index and search for
your topic (alphabetical order).
Note the page number.
How to Locate and
Evaluate Internet
Can you search
Many people know a lot
about technology but
NOT a lot about how to
search the Internet!
Electronic Searching
Ever try to locate
information online
and you get
many results??
no results at all?
The Big Mistake
Usually, people use search
terms that are too broad.
This will produce too many
results that are not relevant
to your topic.
Assignment – Your teacher
wants you to determine if the
element mercury is toxic.
You “google” mercury…..
and retrieve millions of
Your results:
Mercury Car
Planet Mercury
Try Again!
You realize the word “mercury” has
several different meanings. So you
add another search term.
You “google” Mercury Element.
Wrong Again!
Your first webpage is about a
god in Roman mythology named
Add another specific term to your
search box:
Mercury Element Toxic
If you use specific phrases or
keywords pertaining to your topic,
you will save time… and be more
successful in obtaining the results
you need!
But – I found it
on the Internet?
Why do we need to evaluate
web sources?
Virtually any person can
publish almost anything on
the Internet.
Unlike most print sources,
web sources do not have to
be professionally accepted
and edited to be published.
Before clicking on the link, look to see if
it is a personal page. Check out the
domain name or the “dots”:
.gov = Hosted by a U.S. government agency
.com = For-profit business, personal sites
.edu = Educational organization
.org = Nonprofit organization
.net = Hosted by a network
.biz = Business site (newer than .com)
.ac = Academic organization (outside the
United States)
~ = personal webpage
Try the C.A.R.S.
evaluation checklist:
C – Credibility
A – Accuracy
R –Reasonableness
S - Support
•Has contact information?
•Appearance of site
•Sponsor or organization?
Copyright Date? Last update?
Are the facts related to this
Anonymous Information
Misspellings, faulty links, messy
appearance, out-of-date
The material is presented objectively, not slanted
and bias?
•Does the information make sense, given what I
know of the world? Is it believable?
•Does the information contradict itself?
•Has the author provided
documentation? List of
Manipulative or emotional language, onesided information, a conflict of interest
between the source and the objectivity of
the information.
Using a database, such as Discus:
Discus - Advantages
Online Encyclopedia vs. Print Encyclopedias
Magazine, Journal, Reference vs. Internet Site
Often has photographs
Cites the source for you – look for citation link at
top of article or bottom of page
"Lois Duncan." Writers Directory, 24th ed. St. James
Press, 2008.
Reproduced in Biography Resource Center.
Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2008.
Select Appropriate Database
Use Search Box – type in
For Information on Young Adult
Authors using the Discus database:
Try Kids Infobits or Junior
Edition Literature links, the
Online Encyclopedias (Grolier),
or History Resource Center
Additional Information to remember –
Cite your sources, clip art, photos. Give
credit where credit is due!
The media center Cite Slips that you
can use to document.
You can also find sites online that
document for you –

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