Tennis Julia Krutikova, 6th form, school 574 Part 1. History Britain - the home of tennis • Britain has produced some of the world's top tennis players and hosts the world's biggest tennis tournament, which has run for over 130 years. It's clear to see that tennis is one of the most popular sports in Britain. Ancient Beginnings The earliest version of the game was called 'La Soule' where players would hit a ball to each other using either their hands or a stick. Real tennis During the 12th and 13th centuries, During to 18thrise centuries it became with the highly After 16 itsthinitial in popularity the found that they had more Players fashionable sport of tennis kings and noblemen and was French nobility, spread throughout control over the ball using just their called ' Jeu de paumme' - the game of the palm. Europe, becoming particularly popular in hands, Early French players would begin a game by so they created a leather glove England. shouting 'tenez' i.e. 'Play!' and the game(the soonvery first tennis racket!). The balls became known as Royal, or Real Tennis.were refined too. Lawn Tennis • Another important factor was the ease and simplicity of Lawn Tennis. All that was needed was a flat grass surface and Lawn Tennis courts became commonplace in the rolling estates of the wealthy. • Now, about 5 million people play tennis in the UK, and people come from all over the world to watch this great game being played at its home, and in the summer months, tennis tournaments take over the sporting calendar. From Wimbledon to the Liverpool International Tennis Tournament, there's something for everyone. Part 2. Wimbledon The Beginning The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, which is responsible for staging the world's leading tennis tournament, is a private Club founded in 1868, originally as 'The All England Croquet Club'. The Beginning Its first ground was situated off Worple Road, Wimbledon. The Club moved to the present site in Church Road in 1922. Enter the Ladies In 1884 the Ladies' Singles was inaugurated and from an entry of 13 players, Maud Watson became the champion. Overseas Champions • By the turn of the century, Wimbledon had assumed an international character and in 1905, May Sutton of the United States became the first Champion from overseas when she won the Ladies' Singles. Maria Bueno Open Tennis • The expansion of air travel in the 1950s meant more and more overseas players were competing at Wimbledon and other tournaments throughout the world • In late 1959, The Championships were made open to all players Wimbledon in the 21st Century Wimbledon, which hosts The World Championships, maintains its leadership nowadays. Part 3. Manner in the court Players: 1. Players should wear neatly. They takefor off the theirgood 2. Patshouldn’t the racquet shirts before they go into to the shot. 3. Say sorry to the opponent court orthe when they are taking When opponent plays a by facing the racquet to him 4. Make sure the opponent is the match. good shot, no matter how upset or her. ready to catch the ball before 5. Racquets are the closed you are,contrary, do congratulate for the On the if the opponent you serve. partner tohands players , the soyour opponent by patting 6. Shake with makes a fault orbeyou areracquet. lucky to Ifshouldn’t not , you will considered sit down on it or is use opponent when the match get the point ,like down the ball that you are look onhits on it to beat the other things. finished. the frame theshot racquet, others andofthe will bedon’t When you are shaking hands be excessively excited and claimed of no effect and you with the apology opponent, eyesthe make by your holding shouldaserve again. should intotoyour racquetlook to face the opponent’s opponent. and use the hand which you used to hold the racquet to show your friendliness. Spectator: 1. All the drinks served in the court are champagnes. 2. If you are late for the match, sit down on where you are. 3. No applauds before the shot comes to the end. 4. Keep quiet! 5. Return the balls back! Part 4 Tennis star Maria Sharapova Winning “Winning is everything in my profession …I like to win whatever I'm doing”. CONCLUSION So tennis like other kinds of sport is not only about not having a sickness, injury or illness. Sport is health. Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being. To be healthy, you must feel good all round. Thank you and be sporty!