NS 110 - Sea Power & Maritime Affairs

Lesson 9
The Civil War on the Rivers
Inland River Campaigns
• Combined Union Army - Navy offensives
Goal: Control of the Mississippi River
• Navy gunboats and transports used to
support Army
– Union forces advance down Tennessee and
Cumberland Rivers to the Mississippi
• Divided Union Command
Kentucky and Tennessee
• Fort Henry
– Wx
– Debut of the ironclads
• Fort Donelson
– Commander’s will
– From a total of 500 Confederate shots, St. Louis
was hit 59 times, Carondelet 54, Louisville 36,
and Pittsburg 20.
– Grant captures more soldiers than all previous
American generals combined
Siege of Vicksburg
• Vicksburg the big obstacle to dominance
of the Mississippi
• Porter ferried Grant’s troops across to the
east bank of the river, south of the fort
• Grant takes the fort from the rear
• Surrender on 4 July 1863
• Naval support: gunfire, troop transport,
and logistical reinforcement
Siege of Vicksburg

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