TEKS:6B, 7H, 12A, 7L An function of all living things is reproduction, the process by which life continues from one to the next. Reproductive System – the system of organs involved in producing . Two main Functions: of Sperm of Sperm – male reproductive cells Testosterone – the male sex . Testes (testicles) – two small glands that sperm; secrete testosterone. Scrotum – skin sac where the testes are located. Penis – tube – shaped organ that extends from the trunk of the body just above the testes. Semen – thick fluid sperm and other secretions from the male reproductive system. Vas Deferens – that extend from each epididymis to the urethra. Urethra – the passageway through which both semen and urine the male body. – as sperm move through the vas deferens, they are combined with a nourishing fluid produced by the seminal vesicles. - secretions from the prostate gland and Cowper’s glands combine with the sperm – containing fluid to form semen. 1. Get 2. 3. Wear checkups – every 12-18 months regularly - daily equipment – protective cup or support 4. Perform regular cancer 5. Practice STD’s – signs of – Avoid contracting Chlamydia & Gonorrhea – infections that cause discharge from the penis and burning upon urination. Syphilis – bacterial infection; sore appears at the site of infection. Genital Herpes – a that causes periodically occurring blister like sores in the genital area. Inguinal Hernia – of tissue that allows part of the intestine to push into the abdominal wall near the top of the scrotum. Lumps in the groin, pain, partial or complete blockage of the intestine. Sterility – the to reproduce. Exposure to X-Rays / radiation, use of drugs, steroids, STD’s. Testicular Cancer Undescended testicle, abnormal testicular development, family history. 1. What is the function of the testes? 2. Describe the path that sperm follow from the time they form until they leave the body. 3. What are the symptoms of testicular cancer? Identify situations requiring professional health services for preventive care. Several Functions: female sex hormones Stores female reproductive cells ( ) – a hollow, muscular, pear – shaped organ inside a female’s body, nourishes and protects the fertilized ovum from conception until birth. Ovaries – female sex gland that store the ova and produce female sex . Ovulation – the of releasing a mature ovum into the fallopian tube each month. – a pair of tubes with fingerlike projections that draw in the ovum. Vagina – a muscular, elastic that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body. Zygote – Fertilization of an by a sperm cell. Each month the uterus prepares for pregnancy. If pregnancy does not occur, the endometrium isn't needed; breaks down through blood, tissue and fluids. – opening to the uterus that materials pass through. Menstruation – Normally occurs around of the uterine lining. yrs old. Endocrine hormones cycle, but poor nutrition, stress and illness can influence it. Regularly Practice from sexual activity Breast Self – Exam Breast cancer is the leading cause of death. common and second Menstrual Cramps – Sometimes occur at the of a menstrual period. Light exercise or heating pad may help relieve symptoms. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) – disorder caused by hormonal . Nervous tension, anxiety, irritability, bloating, weight gain, depression, mood swings, fatigue. (TSS) – is rare but serious bacterial infection that affects the immune system and the liver; can be fatal. Fever, vomiting, diarrhea, sunburn like rash, red eyes, dizziness, muscle aches. Endometriosis – painful, disease occurs when tissue that lines the uterus migrates and grows in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the uterus. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) – of the fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding areas. Sexually Transmitted Disease – most common causes of and other disorders. Vaginitis – Bacterial vaginosis, common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age. Blocked Fallopian Tubes – leading cause of . Ovarian Cysts – – filled sacs on the ovary. Cervical, Uterine, and Ovarian Cancer – Early sexual activity and STD’s such as (HPV) are related to an increased incidence of cervical cancer. 1. How do the structures in the fallopian tubes help move the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus? 2. Explain ovulation, fertilization and menstruation. 3. List 3 causes of infertility in females.