here - Department of Public Expenditure and Reform

Report
Agenda
1. Introduction & Summary of the Reports (D. Lee) 25 mins
2. Presentation of the Portal (R. Cyganiak) 15 mins
3. Clarifications/Questions/AOB (All) Open
1
What is Open Data?
OKF’s Open Definition :
A piece of data or content is open if anyone is
free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject
only, at most, to the requirement to attribute
and/or share-alike.
http://opendefinition.org/
2
Public Service Domains
Typical Open Data Questions
• How many passengers use public transport
each year?
• What are the pollution levels in my city?
• Which planning applications are under
consideration in my area?
• How does the budgeted expenditure of a
department compare with actual spending?
4
https://www.epa.ie/pubs/reports/water/bathing/thequalityofbathingwaterinireland2012.html
http://gis.epa.ie/GetData/Download
5
Impact of Open Data
• Political:
o government transparency
o government efficiency
• Social:
o environmental sustainability
o social inclusion
• Economic:
o economic growth
o entrepreneurial activity
Davies, T., Perini, F. & Alonso, J.M., 2013. Researching the Emerging Impacts of Open Data:
ODDC Conceptual Framework
6
Economic Value of Open Data
• Open Data, not big data, will be driver for growth, ingenuity
and innovation in the UK economy. (Deloitte Analytics, 2012).
• $1.5 billion: US National Weather Service supporting a
private weather industry per year. (CapGemini 2014)
• €32 Billion: Estimated direct impact of Open Data in 2010 on
the EU27, annual growth rate of 7%. (Vickery 2011)
• €140 billion: Estimated aggregate direct and indirect impact
across EU27 (Vickery 2011)
• $3 trillion: Estimated annual economic potential across
seven domains. (McKinsey 2013)
Open Government Data in Europe and Beyond
Copyright 2014 FUJITSU
LABORATORIES LTD.
8
Reusing Public Sector Information:
The PSI Directive 2013/37/EU
• Introduces a right to reuse
• Covers also libraries, museums and archives
• Invites Member states to make more documents
available in machine-readable and open formats
• Protects personal data
~390 Open Data Portals
http://datacatalogs.org/
10
Irish Data Catalogues
Title
URL
AIRO Datastore
http://www.airo.ie/airo-datastore
Data.cso.ie
http://data.cso.ie
Databank of the D/F
http://databank.finance.gov.ie/
Databank of the D/PER
http://databank.per.gov.ie/
Dublinked Open Data Portal
http://www.dublinked.ie/
EPA GeoPortal
http://gis.epa.ie
EPA Secure Archive For Environmental Research Data
(SAFER)
http://erc.epa.ie/safer/
Fingal Open Data Portal
http://data.fingal.ie/
GeoPortal.ie
https://www.geoportal.ie/
Interactive Web Data Delivery System
https://jetstream.gsi.ie/iwdds/index.html
Irish Social Science Data Archive (ISSDA)
http://www.ucd.ie/issda/data/
Irish Spatial Data Exchange
http://catalogue.isde.ie/
Marine Data Online
http://data.marine.ie/
Open Data Ireland Community Portal
http://data.opendata.ie/
StatCentral
http://statcentral.ie/
The Health Well
http://www.thehealthwell.info/
11
Problems:
• Not enough data
• No standardised approach
• Low-quality data
• Not associated with an open license
• In many cases not machine-readable
• Duplication of work
• No central guidance
13
Open Data In Ireland
14
Summary of Reports
Insight Open Data Ireland Support Project
 Best Practice Handbook
 Data Audit Report
 Open Data Platform (alpha)
 Evaluation Framework
 Open Data Publication Handbook
 Roadmap
16
Methodology
Literature review
Desktop research
Interviews with representatives from Irish public bodies
Focus-group with representatives from the start-up
community
Attendance of tech meet-ups
Invitation for feedback from wider Open Data community
17
Open Data Ireland Objectives (Roadmap)
• Short-term Objectives (1 year)
Release high-quality Open Data that is timely, comprehensive, and
accurate.
Develop links with civil society organisations, the business community and
citizens.
…
• Medium-term Objectives (2 years)
Work to increase Open Data literacy.
Develop a cross-sector data infrastructure ensuring data interoperability.
…
• Long-term Objectives (3 years)
Establish an expectation that all government data be published openly by
default.
…
18
Open Data Best Practice Handbook
 Looked at International Best Practice
 Looked at Current Irish Practice
 Made Recommendations
19
Open Data Ecosystem Elements
20
Governance
 Open Data Board
(governance, support, oversight, advisory, evangelism)
 Steering & Implementation Group
(steering, implementation, awareness & capacity building, evaluation)
 Open Data Officer/Team (DPER)
(portal, administrative, funding)
 Open Data Roadmap
21
Licensing
Open Data = Open License
• The Open License:
o Should allow derivatives
o Should allow commercial use
o May require attribution
o May require share-alike
• Creative Commons
22
Data Privacy
 The rights of the individual to privacy must be protected
 Usage of personal data, even aggregated usage, should be
transparent to the individual
 For the publication of aggregated, statistical data, use
standardised statistical methods
 Do not use data privacy as an excuse not to publish Open
Data if there are no data privacy concerns.
23
Data Audit
 What data does your PSB manage?
 Is there any justification not to publish data as Open Data?
(Open by Default)
24
Data Audit Report
G8 Open Data Charter Category
Companies
Crime and Justice
Earth Observation
Web crawl of public sector
websites
Education
•
XLS,CSV, XML, KML, RDF, SHP,
etc.
Finance and contracts
Keywords
Global Development
•
Review of relevant existing
data catalogues
Searches for specific highvalue datasets
Energy and Environment
Geospatial
Government Accountability and Democracy
Health
Science and Research
Social Mobility and Welfare
Statistics
Transport and Infrastructure
25
Dataset Selection
High-value information is information that can be:
 used to increase agency accountability and responsiveness;
 improve public knowledge of the agency and its operations;
 further the core mission of the agency;
 create economic opportunity; or
 respond to need and demand as identified through public
consultation
(U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 2009)
26
Key Datasets
• National map data
• Postcode data
• Company data
• Demographic data
• Public expenditure data
• Transport data
• Road network data
• Energy and environment data
• Election data
27
Address & Map Data
Sale of UK Postcode Address File:
“This takes an immediate but narrow view of the value of such datasets.
PAF should have been retained as a public data set, as a national
asset. The sale of the PAF with the Royal mail was a mistake. Public
access to public sector data must never be sold or given away again”
(The Public Administration Select Committee (PASC), 2014)
Danish address data, available free from 2002:
Cost EUR 2 million
Direct financial benefits for 2005-2009 EUR 62 million
Worth investigation into total/partial release of Irish
address, postcode and map data as Open Data
28
High Quality Data
• Data formats
• Metadata
• Data standards
• Unique Identifiers
29
Data Formats
http://5stardata.info/
30
Data Access
• Bulk data
• APIs
http://dublinked.com/datastore/datasets/dataset-300.php
31
Data Discovery
Data catalogues
data.gov.ie
32
Supporting Public Bodies
33
Recommendations for PSBs
•
Follow best-practices for publishing Open Data, as set out in Handbook
•
Designate a person/team who is responsible for Open Data
•
Create an Open Data strategy for your public body, including high-value
datasets, goals and a timeframe.
•
When publishing a high-value dataset as Open Data, assess the
complete data lifecycle (e.g. collection, recording, storage, publication,
archiving) in terms of potential data sharing, not only data usage for a
particular purpose.
•
Participate in Open Data training sessions.
•
Ensure the public body is represented on Open Data governance boards.
•
Communicate suggestions or challenges to Open Data governance
boards.
34
Open Data Publication Handbook
Step-by-Step Guide to Open Data Publishing (for public bodies)
1. Carry out a Data Audit
2. Select what Data to Publish
3. Ensure Data Protection Laws are Adhered to
4. Associate Data with an Open License
5. Publish Data as 3- to 5-star Open Data
6. Associate Data with Standardised Metadata
7. Use Data Standards
8. Use Unique Identifiers
9. Provide Access to the Data
10. Publish Data on the National Open Data Portal, data.gov.ie
35
36
Engaging Data Users
•
Demand-driven release of data
•
Feedback on data published
•
Hold consultations
•
Use social media
•
Hold hackathons / Innovation-days
•
Engage with existing groups
•
Run competitions
•
Run tutorials
•
Evangelism
•
Internal promotion
•
Use traditional media
37
Community Forming
38
Encouraging Economic Reuse
Open Data Compass
http://www.opendata500.com/
Geospatial Information industry in Ireland generated sales
or output valued at €117.5 million in 2012,
Ordnance Survey of Ireland. (2014). Assessment of the Economic Value of the
Geospatial Information Industry in Ireland (p. 86).
39
Evaluation
Readiness
Implement
ation
Impact
40
Open Data Platform (alpha)
http://data.gov.ie
41
Roadmap
Objectives
• Short-term (1 yr)
• Medium-term (2 yrs)
• Long-term (3 yrs)
Recommendations
• Based on Open Data
Ecosystem Elements
Actions
• Timeframe
(start/end)
• Responsible Party
42
Open Data Ireland Next Steps
1. Determine Open Data Officer/Team
2. Create ODB and SIG
3. Public consultation on Roadmap
4. Improve data.gov.ie continuously & iteratively
5. Publish more high-value and high-quality datasets.
6. Engage with stakeholders from general public, business, civil
society, public-sector and academia.
7. Widen the Open Data community
8. Evaluate progress and impact
43
Presentation of the Portal and
Portal Next Steps
Richard Cyganiak
data.gov.ie: What’s listed?
1. 175 statistical datasets from the StatCentral catalog
o
Focus on official statistics
o
Includes datasets published by 30 different organisations
o
Curated by CSO
2. 209 geospatial datasets from the ISDE catalog
o
Focus on geospatial data, built in the context of Inspire
o
Includes datasets published by five different organisations
o
Curated by Marine Institute
3. 34 additional datasets
o
Focus on G8 high-value sectors and other prominent
datasets
45
data.gov.ie: What’s not listed?
• Datasets that are not on the Web already
• Datasets that are not machine-readable
• Datasets that need to be licensed for a fee
• Organisations other than central government
and state bodies
o Local government
o State-owned companies
o Academic and cultural organisations
With some exceptions!
46
Open Data Ireland Next Steps
1. Determine Open Data Officer/Team
2. Create ODB and SIG
3. Public consultation on Roadmap
4. Improve data.gov.ie continuously & iteratively
5. Publish more high-value and high-quality datasets.
6. Engage with stakeholders from general public, business, civil
society, public-sector and academia.
7. Widen the Open Data community
8. Evaluate progress and impact
47

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