Reading Research Literature

Report
Reading Research Literature
Citation
• Williams, S. (2005). Guiding students through
the jungle of research-based literature.
College Teaching, 53(4), 137-139. Retrieved
April 17, 2007, from the ProQuest database.
How do you read research literature?
• Williams (2005) offers a systematic guide for
reading research literature based on various
older guides such as
– Survey, question, read, recall, review (SQ3R)
– Preview, question, read, reflect, recite, review
(PQ4R)
– scan for Facts, Ask questions, Identify details are
major or minor, Read the work as a whole,
Evaluate comprehension, Review by summarizing
subheadings (FAIRER)
Williams (2005)
Williams’ Guide (SQ6R)
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Survey
Question
Read
Reflect
Review
Rehash
Rethink
Reevaluate
Williams (2005)
Before you start to read
• Survey
– List the title of the article
– Read the summary or abstract near the title ( if
available)
– Scan the headings
• Question
– Write one sentence identifying what you think the
article will be about
– Why is this topic important?
– How or when might you personally use this
information?
Williams (2005)
Reading the article
• Read
– Read the article
– Create a summary using bullets under each
heading (note: PowerPoint is good for this!)
– Write a one sentence summary of each section
– Make a vocabulary list of unknown terms and look
up their definitions
– Summarize any supplemental text (e.g. graphs,
tables, sidebar, appendix, etc.)
Williams (2005)
The Five Re’s
• Reflect
– Stop analyzing for now
– Think about the topic as a whole for at least 24
hours
• Review
– Review the headings, bullet summary, and section
summaries
– Take another look at the tables and diagrams.
How significant are they?
Williams (2005)
The Five Re’s (2)
• Rehash
– Share your interpretations, summaries, and opinions
with a learning team
– Actively listen to peer opinions
• Rethink
– Ponder others’ points of view. Do a one page
reflection on this.
• Reevaluate
– Edit your headings, bullet points, one sentence
summaries as needed
– Develop a “plan of action” for using the information
Williams (2005)
A picture of SQ6R
Survey
Reflect
Rehash
The Article
Question
Rethink
Read
Review
?
??
My summaries
Reevaluate
My
Plan
Williams (2005)

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