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I CAN GIVE THE MAJOR REASON FOR NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN COLONIES
I CAN LIST THE 3 MAJOR LEADERS OF THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION
Religious theological view advocated
by reformer John Calvin
Wrote down his beliefs in The
Institutes of Christian Religion
BASIC BELIEFS OF CALVINISM
Total depravity of man
Unconditional election or “The Elect”
Limited atonement
Irresistible grace
Preservation of the Saints
I CAN DISCUSS THE MAJOR BELIEFS OF JOHN CALVIN
The Elect--the people already chosen and going to heaven
Predestination--God has chosen to save some souls for
himself
Visible Saints--people who lived Godly and righteous
lives and who appeared to be the elect
I CAN DEFINE THE KEY TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH CALVINISM
Started the Protestant Reformation in England
Established the Anglican Church or Church of
England
I CAN DISCUSS THE IMPORTANCE OF HENRY THE 8TH ON THE COLONIES
Puritans were either “Separatists or Non-Separatists”
Separatists wanted to “separate” from the Church of
England
Puritan Non-Separatists wanted to “purify” the Church
of England
I CAN COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE PURITANS AND PILGRIMS
First went to Holland
but children were being
“Dutchified”
Came aboard the Mayflower
and landed at Plymouth,
Massachusetts in 1620
Most famous Separatist
I CAN DISCUSS THE HISTORY OF THE PILGRIMS AND THEIR HISTORY
First Thanksgiving held in 1621
Wasn’t for Indians, thanks was to God!
Massasoit--Indian who spent
Thanksgiving with Pilgrims
William Bradford--Governor of
Pilgrims
Before the Pilgrims got off the boat, the
drew up a brief Mayflower Compact
Elected 30 times
Taste ofademocracy--will abide by the
Wrote Of Plymouth Plantation,
majority
book about Pilgrims in Plymouth
I CAN IDENTIFY MAJOR PILGRIM LEADERS AND THEIR LIFESTYLES
Puritans settled mass. bay
colony
John Winthrop--governor of
Massachusetts
Believed he had a calling from
god
Congregational
Church
Principal motivation
for why the Mass. Bay
colony was established
Official tax supported
church of the Puritans
I CAN DISCUSS THE HISTORY AND SETTLEMENT OF THE MASS. BAY COLONY
I CAN LIST THE TWO STATE SUPPORTED CHURCHES
Banished for heresy
Believed in “Antinomianism”
Disagreed with Bay Colony on paying taxes
to Congregational Church
Started his own colony of Rhode Island
Rhode Island nicknamed “The Sewer”
Started what we believe to be the first Baptist
church in America
Paid Indians for their land
I CAN EXPLAIN HOW THE DISSENTERS IN THE MASS. BAY COLONY LEFT
Founded by Thomas Hooker
Connecticut was the first colony with a
written constitution
Constitution was called the
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
and was so well written it is basically
the same today
I CAN DESCRIBE THE FOUNDATION OF RHODE ISLAND, CONNECTICUT, AND OTHER
King Philip also known as
Metacomet
First Indian to attempt to band
all Indians together to drive out
the English in the North
Was captured with the help of
the “praying Indian”
I CAN DESCRIBE THE CONFLICT AND EFFECTS OF KING PHILLIP’S WAR
First attempt at colonial unity
Formed as a defense against Indians
Small, made up of only 4 colonies
Navigation Acts of
1650--enforced and
created in England
Second attempt at colonial unity
Made up of 9 colonies
Mainly set up to control colonial/English
economics (Mercantilism)
Sir Edmund Andros
Governor of the Dominion of New England
I CAN SUMMARIZE EARLY NEW ENGLAND ATTEMPTS AT UNITY
Dutch built a strong wall to protect themselves against the Indians
today we call Wall Street
The Dutch were the
people that found what
we call New York
New Netherlands-Dutch name for NY
New York City called
New Amsterdam
Divided New
Netherlands into
“patroonships”
Patroonships were vast
feudal estates on the
Hudson River
Dutch bought Manhattan Island from Indians for about
$20 dollars worth of trinkets
I CAN DESCRIBE THE FOUNDING OF NEW YORK
Peter Stuyvesant was the Dutch
governor of New Netherlands
Nicknamed “Father Wooden Leg” by the
Indians
English took over New Netherlands
and renamed it New York
Dutch left many traditions including
Easter eggs, Santa Claus, waffles,
bowling, sleighing, skating
I CAN DESCRIBE THE FOUNDING OF NEW YORK
Founded by William Penn
Called “The Holy Experiment”
Quakers believed in
passive resistance
King gave William
Penn’s family land in
America
Penn was a Quaker and Pennsylvania to be a
refuge for Quakers
Quakers also called “The Religious Society of
Friends”
Quakers started the first antislavery societies
Penn got along with Indians and
paid them for land
Philadelphia known as “City of Brotherly Love”
Planned by William Penn
I CAN DESCRIBE THE FOUNDING OF PENNSYLVANIA
I CAN EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES

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