Los Angeles County Probation Department

Report
AB 109 Public Safety Realignment
December 5, 2013
Los Angeles County Probation Department
Outline
 Federal Three Judge Panel -- Prison Reduction
Plan
 AB 109, Public Safety Realignment Act of 2011
 Los Angeles County’s Management of Post
Released Supervised Persons
2
Los Angeles County Probation Department
Federal Three Judge Panel Prison Reduction Plan
 The prison population ballooned to twice the size of
what it was designed to house.
 A Federal three-judge panel ruled that the level of
mental health care and medical services provided
were unconstitutional in violation of the eighth
amendment (cruel and unusual punishment)
 The State of California was ordered to reduce the
prison population to 137.5% of design capacity –
roughly 110,000 inmates – by December 31, 2013.
 This order led to numerous prison reduction efforts
throughout the years, to include AB 109.
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
AB 109 – Public Safety Realignment
Act of 2011
● Effective October 1, 2011
● AB 109 is NOT an “early release program” of State inmates, nor did it
result in the “transfer” of inmates or parolees from State to local
jurisdiction pre-realignment.
● Five (5) significant changes:

Redefined criteria with respect to who serves their time in the county jail as
opposed to State prison.

State inmates whose current conviction is serious or violent, Mentally
Disordered Offenders, High Risk Sex Offenders, and Lifers are released to the
supervision of State Parole, WHILE the remainder are released to the
supervision of the counties, i.e., N-3s or Post Release Supervised Persons
(PSPs).

Under Penal Code 1170(h), allows judges to impose a split sentence.

Transferred the state parole revocation process to the courts.

Mandates that parole violators serve their revocation time under local
jurisdiction.
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
Post-Release Supervised Person (PSP)
 Under the jurisdiction of the Los Angeles County
Probation Department
 Prison inmates whose last sentence was of a non-
serious, non-violent, non-sexual nature, irrespective of
prior criminal history.
 Three-year PSP Supervision Condition.
 Mandatory termination from supervision after a 12-
month period without a custodial sanction.
 Approximately 60% are assessed at high to very high
risk.
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
PSP Case Management & Community
Supervision
● Pre-release planning
● Risk/needs assessment
● Case plan tailored to the specific needs of the PSP
● Where appropriate, referrals are made to the
appropriate rehabilitative service(s):
 Mental Health
 Housing
 Substance Abuse
 Employment Services
 Medical Services
 Etc.
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
PSP Case Management & Community
Supervision
● Ongoing Collaboration with County Partners, to include
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Community/Faith Based Organizations and PSP’s Family
Unannounced Home Visits
Unannounced Narcotic Testing
Unannounced Compliance Checks
Office Visits
Enforcement of Conditions of Supervision
Follow-up on Referrals for Services
Modification of Case Management Plans
Motivational Interviewing
Cognitive Behavioral Treatment
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
GENDER SPECIFIC FOCUS
● Community/Faith Based Organization Advisory Committee
● Community Transition Unit
● In Reach Re-Entry Services
● Sober Living with Child and Transitional Living with Child
● Educational Courses (parenting, pregnancy)
● Gender Specific Employment Services
● Gender Specific Substance Abuse Treatment
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
PSP Case Management & Community
Supervision
What if a PSP does not comply with their
Conditions of Supervision?
● Graduated Sanctions
● Flash Incarceration (up to ten days in County Jail)
● Revocation up to 180-days in County Jail - with
automatic half-time.
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
PSP Population
October 2011 through November 30, 2013
Population
Total Cases Accepted
1 Does
19,439
Total Cases Closed
8,348
Outstanding Warrants1
1,768
Deported2
1,004
Active Cases
8,319
not include Warrants issued for deported PSPs. Snapshot at month end.
case accepted; PSP deported
2 PRCS
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
Cases Accepted vs. Cases Closed
October 2011 through November 30, 2013
1,400
1,259
1,185
1,200
1,134
1,176
986
1,088
1,000
932
877
768
800
747
680 703
773
647
615 615 604 622
557
600
555 542
519
530 524 537 549
567 554 570
538 522
525 557 524
506
509
400
449
491
520
398
200
135 129
31
14
26
39
24
42
72
104
129
98
0
Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov
2011
2012
Cases Accepted Total 19,439
2013
Cases Closed Total 8,348
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
Arrests for Misdemeanor/Felonies
PSPs
Arrested
37%
PSPs
Not
Arrested
63%
19,439 total PRCS cases accepted as of November 30, 2013; of which 7,263
(37%) have at least one arrest for misdemeanor and/or felony (excludes flash
incarceration).
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Los Angeles County Probation Department
Flash Incarcerations - Cumulative
16,000
13,947
14,000
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov
2011
2012
2013
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