Predicate adjectives & predicate nominatives

Report
Subject
Complements
PREDICATE ADJECTIVES
&
PREDICATE NOMINATIVES
SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS

A word or word group that completes the
meaning of a linking verb and that identifies or
describes the subject
The lemonade tastes sour.
 Mrs. Johnson is a dedicated teacher.
 The pliers were what she wanted.

PREDICATE NOMINATIVES
A
word or word group that is in the
predicate and that identifies the subject
or refers to it.
 It
may be a noun, pronoun, or word
group that functions as a noun. It
completes the meaning of a linking verb.
LINKING VERBS
Forms of BE verbs = linking verbs:

is, are, was, were, am, be, being, been

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Other common linking verbs:
appear become feel grow look
remain
seem
smell sound stay
taste
turn
DIRECTIONS
1.
Find the linking verb.
2. Ask “verb what?”
3. If the answer is a noun and
renames the subject, it is a
predicate nominative.
EXAMPLES--PN

Mr. Baker is the football coach.
What is the linking verb?
 Is
 Is what?
 Coach
 Coach renames Mr. Baker. Coach is the PN.

EXAMPLES--PN

My aunt’s niece is she.
What is the linking verb?
 Is
 Is what?
 She---------renames my aunt’s niece.
 She is the PN.

EXAMPLES--PN

Mrs. Daniell became the President of the
United States.
What is the linking verb?
 Became
 Became what?
 President------renames Mrs. Daniell. It is the
PN.

EXAMPLES--PN
Is the winner whoever gets the most votes?
v
s

Linking verb?
 Is
 Is what?
 Whoever gets the most votes---renames winner.

EXAMPLES--PN
Kim is one of my closest friends.
 What is the linking verb?
 Is
 Is what?
 One
(of my closest friends is a prep phrase)
 One is the PN.

ASSIGNMENT
Pg.
406, #1-10. (Identify
the verb and PN.)
PG. 406
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1. Horticulture is the art or science of growing flowers, fruits,
vegetables, and other plants.
Is what?
art , science—pn
2. Through germination, a seed becomes a plant.
Becomes what?
Plant—pn
3. The developing plant is a seedling.
Is what?
seedling—pn
4. Growing plants is a pleasure for many people.
Is what?
Pleasure—pn
PG. 406
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5. With light and moisture, seedlings will become healthy
plants.
Will become what?
Do I use healthy or plants???????
NOUNplants--pn
6. Nasturtiums are flowers that can be eaten.
Are what?
Flowers—pn
7. Rain is a welcome sight for gardeners.
Is what?
Sight—pn
8. Helio, from the Greek language, is a word meaning “sun.”
Is what?
Word--pn
PG. 406
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9. Some flowers that turn to the sun, like sunflowers, are
heliotropes.
Are what?
heliotropes—pn
10. Some other flowers always remain shade lovers.
Remain what?
Shade (adj) or lovers (noun)
LOVERS--pn
PREDICATE ADJECTIVE
An
adjective that is in the
predicate and that describes the
subject.
It
completes the meaning of a
linking verb.
EXAMPLES--PA
The Whitewater Wildcats are very powerful.
 Subject?
 Wildcats
 Verb?
 Are
 Are what?
 Powerful (Wildcats are powerful. Powerful
describes wildcats.)

EXAMPLES--PA
This chili tastes spicy.
 Subject?
 Chili
 Verb?
 Tastes (linking verb)
 Tastes what?
 Spicy.
 Spicy is the PA—it describes the chili

EXAMPLES--PA
A computer can be fun, helpful, and sometimes
frustrating.
 Subject?
 Computer
 Verb?
 Can be
 Can be what?
 Fun, helpful, frustrating--PA

ASSIGNMENT
Pg.
407, ex. 6,
#1-10.
PG. 407
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1. The great stone dogs that guard the entrance to Chinatown
look a bit frightening.
Linking verb? Subject?
Dogs look
Dogs look…what?
Frightening—adj or noun?
Frightening = pa
2. The streets there are crowded and full of bustling actvity.
verb? Subject?
Streets are…..what?
Crowded, full
Adjpa
PG. 407
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3. The special foods and beverages at the tearooms and
restaurants smell wonderful.
Verb? Subject?
Foods, beverages smell…what?
Wonderful…..adj or noun?
Pa
4. To an outsider, the mixture of Chinese and English
languages can sound both mysterious and intriguing.
Verb? Subject?
Mixture can sound … what?
Mysterious, intriguing…..noun or adj?
pa
PG. 407
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5. The art at the Chinese Culture Center is impressive.
Verb? Subject?
Art is…..what?
Impressive……noun or adj?
Pa
6. The Chinese Historical Society of America is fascinating.
Verb? Subject?
Chinese Historical Society is….what
Fascinating…..noun or adj?
Pa
PG. 407
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7. Taking a walking tour of Chinatown is tiring.
Verb? Subject?
Taking a walking tour (noun gerund phrase) is…what?
Tiring…adj or noun?
PA
8. Chinatown appears huge, and it is; it covers about sixteen
square blocks.
Verb? Subject?
Chinatwon appears….what?
huge (adj)pa
PG. 407
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9. To be in the midst of it feels exciting.
Verb? Subject?
To be in the midst of it (noun inf. phrase) feels…what?
Exciting…noun or adj?
PA
10. After a while, the surroundings become familiar.
Verb? Subject?
Surroundings become…what?
Familiar…noun or adj?
PA

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