UGA AMSA WORKSHOP 1 THE BASICS OF PRE-HEALTHCARE WHY HEALTHCARE? • A common question that will be asked of you (and one you need to ask yourself) • The right reasons • Preparing yourself for what lies ahead • The allied healthcare field • Who is involved in healthcare? Undergrad Medical School • Traditional vs. Nontraditional students • Statistics • Recovering a low GPA • Post-bac programs • Special Masters’ programs • Gaining more experience • Saving money • Travel BACKGROUND INFORMATION • Pre-Med • MD vs DO – Allopathy and Osteopathy • AAMC – Association of American Medical Colleges • AACOM – American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine • Pre-Pharm – AACP - American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy • Pre-PA – PAEA - The Physician Assistant Education Association • Dental, Podiatry, Optometry, Veterinary Medicine DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DIFFERENT DISCIPLINES FOR UNDERGRADS • PA – common requirements + 2000 hours of direct patient care hours – 3 years (PA-C) o What is and what is not “direct patient care” • Pharmacy – bachelor’s degree not required; specific courses, 69 total academic hours – 4 years (PharmD) o Anatomy / Physiology, Microbiology, Economics • Medicine – the common requirements – 4 years (MD or DO) • Individual requirements will vary school to school THE BASIC COURSEWORK • Chemistry, Biology, Organic Chemistry, and Physics (both semesters of each, lab with each) • English and Mathematics (1102 and 2250) • Get the basics completed as soon as possible • Be wary of individual medical school requirements • “AP out” not allowed – some schools • Supplementary courses for MCAT knowledge ADDITIONAL COURSEWORK • Biochemistry (BCMB 3100) • Psychology / Sociology – New MCAT – PSYC (1101, 3230, 3810, 4150, 5850) SOCI (1101) • Anatomy/Physiology (CBIO3710, VPHY3100, PMCY3000)*, Microbiology (MIBO3500), Cell Biology (CBIO3400)**, ENTO 3650 • Genetics – GENE 3200 • Immunology - CBIO(MIBO)(IDIS) 4100/6100, CHOOSING A COURSE OF STUDY • What do I major in? o Balancing interests with practicality o Common “pre-med” majors: Biology, Chemistry, Psychology, Physics, Cell Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Genetics, Biological Science • Franklin vs. College of Agriculture (Biology and Biological Science) • Dual Majors • Minors – Biology, Cell Bio, Chemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Pharmaceutical Science, humanities • Arts/Humanities WHAT YOU NEED TO DO AFTER REGISTRATION • • • • • Create your plan Altering your plan Setbacks Contingency plans Health, well-being > Grades/academics > everything else COMPARING YOURSELF TO OTHERS EXAMPLE ACADEMIC PLAN http://premed.uga.edu SO WHAT DO HEALTHCARE SCHOOLS REALLY LOOK FOR? • GPA o The fabled “cut-off” GPA • MCAT/PCAT/DAT score • Extracurricular activities o Clinical experience o Shadowing o Research experience • Letters of recommendation • Impressions made during an interview • Personal goals – vary depending on school THE IMPORTANCE OF GPA AND MCAT Example: Student A has a 3.7 GPA and a 31 on the MCAT. 67.7% of students fitting Student A’s profile got into medical school. ACADEMIC ADVISEMENT • Their role • Establishing a relationship • Different types of academic advisors o The Freshman Advisor o The Gatekeeper o The Cheerleader o The Coach • Utilizing them as a resource STANDARDIZED TESTS • The MCAT – Medical College Admissions Test o New MCAT – Four sections -- Biology/Biochemistry, Chemistry/Physics, Psychology/Sociology/Behavior, Critical analysis/reasoning • The PCAT – Pharmacy College Admissions Test o Writing, verbal, biology, chemistry, reading/comprehension, quantitative ability • DAT/OAT – Biology, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Perceptual Ability, Reading, Quantitative word problems • Prep courses – Kaplan (Brian Allen [email protected]), Princeton Review • Self-Study – Exam Krackers EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES • Clubs clubs clubs!! o Healthcare related clubs AMSA, AED, Pre-Pharm Society, Pre-PA Society, Predental Club, Medlife o Other clubs! https://uga.collegiatelink.net/Organizations • • • • • • Clinical experience Shadowing Research Leadership Service and volunteer work Awards and achievements NON-HEALTH RELATED EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES • • • • • • Many healthcare schools want a human being Excelling at what you do Being well-rounded Outside interests Passion Commitment THE PERSONAL TOUCH • • • • • • • • Letters of recommendation Impressions after the interview What sets you aside from other applicants? How are you able to demonstrate the attributes that would make you an effective healthcare provider? Were you faced with adversity? Personal struggles A story How would a medical school and a healthcare system benefit by accepting you? BUILDING RELATIONSHIPS WITH FACULTY • Letters of recommendation • When to begin • AMCAS guidelines – at least 5 letters. Max of 11. o A variety of sources (Ex:) 2 Science, 1 non-science, 1 physician, 1 research professor / other mentor) o People who know you well o Classes you have done well in o Office hours • UGA Premedical Studies office packet and the littleknown loophole • Maintaining the relationship THE APPLICATION PROCESS • • • • • • • • • Attend pre-med orientation Keep track of names, dates, hours, etc. Have an active resume beginning freshman year Set up an appointment with the office for your respective advisor the year you plan to apply Know the right time to apply Begin building faculty relationships Summers! – Stay busy The personal statement – begin pre-writing it anytime 15 activities section (CONTINUED) The process begins incredibly early on Be wary of due for different things dates Apply as early as possible – “batches” Take advantage of EDPs if you know where you want to go • AMCAS and AACOM have different requirements (if applying to both) • • • • o GPA, MCAT, and resume are important INTERVIEWS • Dress and act professionally • Be prepared to talk about everything you’ve submitted to the school • Practice sample interview questions • Open and closed interviews • Group interviews • Panel/Committee interviews • Mock interviews and critique • Be confident! PLACES AND FACES • UGA Premedical Studies Program – 111 Memorial Hall o Podiatry, Optometry, and Dentistry o AED listserv - http://aed.uga.edu/Listserv.htm • Dr. Alan Langford – previous director of UGA Premedical Program o Recent changes o BIOL2900 • Dr. David Eisner – Interim Director o [email protected] • Keisha Chandler - Senior Academic Advisor for Premedical o [email protected] (CONTINUED) • Carol Roberts - Senior Academic Advisor for Predentistry & Preoptometry o [email protected] • Pamela Tolbert – Business Manager and Administrative Support o [email protected] • Dr. Martin Rogers - Associate Director of Honors & CURO o [email protected] • Dr. Joseph Crim - Professor Emeritus in Cellular Biology o [email protected] (CONTINUED) • Dr. Mark Farmer - Professor and Director of the Division of Biological Sciences o [email protected] • Dr. Kathleen Anderson – Senior Pre-pharmacy Advisor o [email protected] • Susan Herda – Pre-Pharm Admissions Counselor o [email protected] • Brian Allen – Kaplan Representative [email protected] • The Career Center - 2nd Floor, Clark Howell Hall o Katelyn Kivett – Pre-health - [email protected] HELPFUL WEBSITES • AAMC - https://www.aamc.org/ • AAMCAS https://www.aamc.org/students/applying/amcas/ • AACOMhttp://www.aacom.org/Pages/default.aspx • AADAS - https://portal.aadsasweb.org/ • AAOPT - http://www.aaopt.org/ • Bulletin - http://www.bulletin.uga.edu/ • UGA Premed – http://premed.uga.edu – links to many other useful things! • SDN - beware QUESTIONS?